【Last minute 小寶藏 】The vocabulary you DSER must acquire

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
DSE英文文章內容在此推介課程下:

DSE - 皇牌考試技巧班

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教授四卷獨門考試技巧以及加強考試常用詞彙等。

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Advantages of organizing sports events

Workplace Communication

Situation / Problems / Reasons

the lack of social mobility (缺乏社會流動)gloomy promotion prospects (升職前景黯淡)
glorification (崇拜) of firemen and policemenindividualism (個人主義)

hedonism (享樂主義)

depreciation (貶值) of academic qualifications (學歷)

— keen (激烈) competition among university

graduates

the elimination (消除) of gender stereotypes (保守性別觀念)

eg: more male nurses

 

Young employees are self-centered (自我中心) and irresponsible (不負責任)Young employees are discourteous (不禮貌)
Young employees have low emotional quotients (情緒智商)

Young employees have low adversity quotients

(逆境智商)

Young employees have weak inter-personal skills (人際極巧弱)

eg: Leung Kin Pang, a CUHK graduate holding undergraduate and postgraduate degrees (大學和碩士學位), could not find jobs.

Young employees have high expectations of achievements (對成就有高期望)Young employees are well-educated (教育水平高) and well-bred (有良好的成長環境)
The Post-90s lack self-discipline (自律).The Post-90s are often criticized for absenteeism (缺席) and not being punctual.

(不準時)

The Post-90s are error-prone (經常犯錯) and need to be constantly monitored (不斷監察)

by superiors (上司).

The Post-90s have a low sense of loyalty and switch jobs frequently.

Benefits

enjoy more work-life balancecreate synergy effect (協同效應)
enhance working efficiency (效率)raise the company’s revenue (收入) and

profit (盈利)

enhance the company’s reputation (名聲)take corporate social responsibility (企業社會責任)
enhance the sense of belonging (歸屬感)

to the company

achieve job satisfaction (工作滿足感) self-actualization (自我實現)
boost employees’ morale (提升員工士氣)develop harmonious (和諧) relationship with colleagues (同事)
sharpen employees’ competitive edge

(提升競爭力)

accumulate (累積) working experience

 

enlarge social networkcultivate (培養) a sense of responsibility
learn to pursue perfection (追求完美) 

Negative Impacts

higher turnover rate (高流失率)affect family relationships and social relationships
lead to occupational illnesses (職業病)lead to back pain (背痛), neck pain (頸痛) and spinal problems (脊椎問題)
hurt employees’ eyesight (損害員工視力)tarnish (破壞) the company’s reputation
compromise the efficiency (效率) and productivity (生產力) of the companyundermine employees’ morale (削弱員工士氣)
jeopardize the cohesion of the company

(危害公司凝聚力)

lose the trust from the customers

(失去顧客信任)

Suggestions

provide decent (優厚) compensation / salaryraise salary and fringe benefits (邊際福利)
job promotion (升職)carry out regular performance appraisal

(定期表現評估)

organize regular evaluation meetings

(檢討會議)

improve the working environment
provide training courses and workshopshold job fairs (就業博覽)
issue (發出) clear guidelines (指引) for employeesenhance the standard of Putonghua and English
encourage internship (實習)and temporary  work (臨時工) in Hong Kong and Chinaimplement flexible working hours

(實行彈性工作時間)

implement standard working hours

(實行標準工時)

adopt five-day working weeks

(實行五天工作週)

enhance job security / enhance job stability

(提升就業穩定性)

Advantages and disadvantages of doing part-time jobs

                          ✅                             ❌
accumulate (累積)valuable working experiencedisrupt academic studies (干擾學業)
cultivate independence and a sense of responsibilityfall prey to swindlers (成為騙子獵物) and suffer financial loss
enlarge social networkdevelop a money-oriented (金錢為本) character and become materialistic (物質主義)
acquire (獲取) basic money management concepts
relieve financial burden (紓緩財政負擔)
Suggestions
develop better time-management skillsbeware of (提防) employment traps (求職陷阱) and seek advice from parents and teachers

 

Employees’ statutory rights (員工法定權益)

sick leave (病假)annual leave (年假)
public holidays (公眾假期)maternity leave (產假)
paternity leave (士產假)severance payment (遣散費)
Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF) (強積金)pension (退休金)

Fringe Benefits (員工福利)

medical allowances (醫療津貼)dental allowances (牙醫津貼)
housing allowances (房屋津貼)allowances for further studies (進修津貼)
bonus (花紅)profit-sharing scheme (盈利分享) 

Job training

internship (實習)

intern (實習生)

apprenticeship (學徒計劃)

apprentice (學徒)

on-the-job training (在職培訓)vocational training (職業訓練)
study overseas (到海外留學)

Industries

engineers (工程師)doctors, lawyers, accountants (會計師), investment bankers (投資銀行技術員)
civil servants (公務員) / civil service (公務員團隊)

disciplinary forces (紀律部隊)

(police officers/firemen

/ Customs officers (海關職員)

Correctional Service officers (懲教署職員)

information technology industries (資訊科技行業)
creative industries (創意產業)service industries (salespersons, waiters)
cultural industries (文化產業)tourism (tourist industry)
the decline in manufacturing industries

工業衰落

retail business (零售行業)

Business cycle

unemployment (失業)economic downturn / recession (經濟衰退)
depression (經濟大蕭條)economic recovery (經濟復甦)
rapid economic growth (快速經濟增長)

rapid economic development (快速經濟發展)

economic boom (經濟興旺)

Sports Communication

Benefits of doing sports

enhance stamina (耐力)enhance physical fitness
facilitate metabolism (促進血液循環)mitigate the problem of obesity (減輕癡肥)
educate teenagers about the importance of sportsmanship (體育精神)educate teenagers about the importance of team spirit and cooperation
enhance leadership skillsenhance problem-solving skills and decision-making skills (決斷能力)
learn to be persistent (堅持) and resilient

(堅韌)

enhance the all-round development (全面發展) of students
learn the importance of regular exercisemeet likeminded people by doing sports (結識志同道合的人)
boost one’s self-esteem (提升自尊) and prevent depression (防止抑鬱)increase muscular strength (增加肌肉力量)
lead to higher life expectancy (延長壽命)prevent fatigue (防止疲勞) and increase concentration power (增加集中力)
promote sports culture in Hong Kongencourage wider participation (參與) in sports
release endorphin and energize ourselves

釋放安多芬,使人充滿能量

enjoy moments of merriment with confidants

(和知己享受歡樂)

Disadvantages of not doing sports

lead to lower life expectancy (減少壽命)exacerbate fatigue (加劇疲勞) and lower concentration power (降低集中力)
Sedentary lifestyle leads to obesity

(久坐的生活方式導致癡肥)

heart-disease
cardiovascular diseases (心血管疾病)diabetes (糖尿病)
stroke (中風)hypertension (高血壓)
osteoporosis (骨質疏鬆)weaken the immune system (減弱免疫系統)

major sports venues (場地)

Hong Kong Stadium (香港大球場)Mong Kok Stadium (旺角大球場)
Hong Kong Coliseum (紅館)Queen Elizabeth Stadium (伊利沙伯體育館)
The tennis court at Victoria Park (維多利亞公園)Kowloon Park Swimming Pool (九龍公園游泳池)

other sports facilities

jogging tracks (緩步徑)cycling tracks (單車徑)
table tennis courtsbasketball courts
tennis courtssoccer pitches

(足球場)

rowing machines (划艇機)treadmill (跑步機)

major sports events that are held / can be held in Hong Kong

the Olympic Games (the Olympics) (奧運)equestrian events (馬術) of the Beijing Olympics in 2008
the Asian Games (亞運)the East Asian Games (東亞運)
the cross-harbour race (渡海泳)the MTR Hong Kong Race Walking

(港鐵競步賽)

Standard Charter Marathon (渣打馬拉松)Rugby Sevens at Hong Kong Stadium 七人欖球
International Dragon Boat Race (國際龍舟賽)FIVB World Volleyball Grand Prix (女排大獎賽)
Soccer World Cup qualifiers (世界盃外圍賽)Formula One Racing (一級方程式賽車)
NBA exhibition games (NBA熱身賽)ATP and WTA tennis tournaments

(職業網球巡迴賽)

Advantages of organizing sports events

promote sports development in Hong Kongpromote the well-being (安康) of citizens
stimulate consumption (刺激消費) and increase job opportunitiesenhance civic pride (公民榮耀感) and social cohesion (社會凝聚力)
Local athletes will be inspired to perform at a higher level. (運動員被推動取得好成績)Sports events can upgrade Hong Kong’s status (地位) in the international arena (國際舞台).

Ways to raise students’ interest in sports

organize inter-class (班際) sports competitionsorganize workshops on introducing different kinds of sports
Sports teams can organize live demonstrations

(示範)

use virtual sports (虛擬運動) to entice (吸引) less sportive (好動) students to do exercise
invite some alumni (校友) to offer sports guidance (指引) 

What can the government do to promote sports?

hold after-school clinics (教學) in the territorymake it compulsory (強制性) for primary, secondary and university students to attend PE lessons
provide more sports centres and venues (場地)

for sports

invite celebrities (名人) to spread the importance of sports
provide more subsidies for elite (精英) athletes so that they can perform well in international eventshire renowned (著名) coaches (教練) and training staff for the Hong Kong team

What can the students do?

explore the fun of doing exercise by trying non-strenuous (非體力)sports and non-vigorous (非激烈) sportsmake sports a part of their daily life

Various kinds of sports

Common Sports²  swimming (游泳)

²  badminton (羽毛球)

²  basketball (籃球)

²  table tennis (乒乓球)

²  football/ soccer (足球)

²  bicycle (單車)

Unusual Sports²  bowling (保齡)

²  ice-skating (溜冰)

²  rugby (欖球)

²  martial arts (武術)

²  tai chi (太極)

Extreme Sports²  mountaineering (攀山)

²  freerunning

²  coasteering

²  parkour

²  surfing (衝浪)

Outdoor Sports²  rock climbing (攀石)

²  canoeing (獨木舟)

²  mountain biking (爬山單車)

Craze for international sports events

the English Premier League (英超聯)the UEFA Champions League (歐聯)
the World Cup (世界盃)NBA games
the Wimbledon Championship

(溫布頓網球公開賽)

the Olympic Games (奧運會)

Popular Culture

Slang

                            ✅                                  ❌
help us convey messages (傳達訊息) effectivelylead to misunderstanding (誤解)
help us move with the times (與時並進)lead to decline(下降) in language standards
add spice (增添姿采)to our conversations
retain collective memory (保留集體回憶) and facilitate cultural transmission (促進文化傳承)

Social media

                             ✅                                      ❌
bridge communication barriers (收窄溝通障礙)

among different regions

discourage real-world interaction (使人減少現實世界互動)
shorten the distance between humans and eliminate geographical barriers (消除地理障礙)make people withdraw from society (逃避社會)
foster exchange (促進交流) of ideas on various topicsdistract (分散注意) people from work and studies
enlarge our social circleteenagers cannot resist the temptation (抵抗誘惑) of brand-name products (名牌商品)
help us keep abreast of global affairs (緊貼時事)exacerbate Internet addiction (加劇網上成癮)
stimulate (刺激) debate and critical thinkingmake people addicted to online shopping
offer a learning platform (提供學習平台)may be exploited by cyber criminals

(被犯罪分子利用)

provide opportunities for people to become overnight sensations and reap fame (一夜成名)may be subject to (遭受) cyber bullying
mobilize (動員) people to rise up against social evils. (反對社會邪惡)serve as the breeding ground (溫床) of cybercrimes, such as copyright infringement, (版權侵犯), blackmail (勒索) and pornographic scandals (色情醜聞)
serve as a seedbed (溫床) of false information

(錯誤資訊)

Smartphone

                             ✅                                       ❌
Students can use smartphones to contact their parents in case of emergency (緊急情況).Smartphones can cause back pain (背痛), spinal problems (脊椎問題) and neck pain (頸痛).
Smartphones can be effective learning tools.Smartphones can cause problems with fingers and wrists (手腕).
Students can make use of smartphones to coordinate (協調、安排) school and social activities.Smartphones can hurt our eyesight (視力).
Smartphones can help us make friends with people from around the globe, enlarging our social network.Smartphone emits radiation (釋放輻射) and causes cancer.
Solutions
Parents should monitor (監察)their children.Parents should communicate frequently (頻繁) with their children.
Schools can educate students about harmful effects of being obsessed with (沉迷) smartphones.School can prohibit (禁止) the use of smartphones.
Teenagers should exercise self-control (自制).Teenagers should regularly stretch (伸展) their neck and shoulders after they have used their smartphones for a long time.

Commercialization of festivals

                              ✅                                        ❌
Promote economic development and create job opportunitiesLoss of the true spirit of festivals

(喪失節日精神)

Elevate festive mood (提升節日氣氛) with the sale of festival productsIncrease the financial burden (財政負擔)

of the poor

create waste and environmental problems

Internet addiction

                           Causes             Consequences
Breakneck advancement (高速進步) of science and technology leads to Internet addiction.Internet addiction leads to sedentary (久坐的) lifestyles and obesity (癡肥).
Lack of parental care (父母照顧) leads to Internet addiction.Internet addiction leads to cardiovascular diseases (心血管疾病) and cardiac arrest (心跳停頓)
Joblessness (失業) and Schoolessness (失學) lead to Internet addiction.Internet addiction distracts (分散注意) students from their studies.
People want to achieve a sense of recognition (認同感) on social-networking websites.Internet addiction leads to diminishing (下降的) social and communication skills.
People want to keep abreast of (緊貼) the latest news of their favourite idols.Internet addiction leads to isolation, seclusion (孤立) , low self-esteem (自尊低落) and low working incentives (工作誘因低).
People are hooked (沉迷) on online shopping. 

Teenagers and popular culture

Teenagers cannot resist the temptation (抵抗誘惑) of brand-name products (名牌產品).Teenagers are bombarded with  advertisements (被廣告轟炸).
Teenagers are affected by peer pressure.Teenagers are affected by celebrities’ lavish

(奢侈) lifestyles.

Teenagers become the victims of the gimmicks (噱頭) of credit card companies.Teenagers may engage in criminal activities like compensated dating (援交).
Teenagers may fall victim to compulsive shopping (強迫病態購物).When reading newspapers, magazines and browsing the Internet, teenagers will develop distorted life values (扭曲的價值觀).
Lack of community centres (社區中心) leads to loitering (閒盪) on the street.Teenagers may resort to vandalism (破壞公物) and graffiti (塗鴉) to vent their frustration (沮喪) with society.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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