【節日中英對照表 2024】一文囊括15個節日中英文介紹!

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

節日中英對照表

節日是人們慶祝和紀念特定事件或傳統的重要時刻。透過這些節日,人們表達歡樂、感恩、團結和慶祝的情感。

隨著全球化的發展,我們有機會更深入地了解和體驗來自不同地區的節日活動。

為了幫助大家更好地了解和對比不同的節日,下面是整理了常見節日的中英對照。

無論您是在學習外語還是對世界文化感興趣,這份對照表都能為您提供一個簡明扼要的參考。

常見節日中英對照表

中文名稱

英文名稱

日期

元旦

New Year’s Day

1月1日

農曆新年

Chinese New Year

農曆正月初一

元宵節

Lantern Festival

農曆正月十五

情人節

Valentine’s Day

2月14日

婦女節

International Women’s Day

3月8日

愚人節

April Fool’s Day

4月1日

清明節

Tomb-Sweeping Day

4月4日-6日

母親節

Mother’s Day

5月第二個星期日

父親節

Father’s Day

6月第三個星期日

端午節

Dragon Boat Festival

農曆五月初五

中秋節

Mid-Autumn Festival

農曆八月十五

國慶日

National Day

10月1日

萬聖節

Halloween

10月31日

感恩節

Thanksgiving

11月第四個星期四

聖誕節

Christmas

12月25日

New Year's Day (元旦)

New Year's Day (元旦)

New Year’s Day is celebrated on January 1st around the world. It marks the beginning of the new year according to the Gregorian calendar. People often gather with friends and family to celebrate with parties, fireworks, and countdowns. It is a time for reflection, setting goals, and embracing new beginnings.

元旦是全球慶祝的節日,日期為每年1月1日。它標誌著根據公曆開始新的一年。人們通常與朋友和家人聚在一起,舉行派對、放煙火和倒數計時來慶祝。這是一個反思、設定目標和迎接新的開始的時刻。

Chinese New Year (農曆新年)

Chinese New Year (農曆新年)

Chinese New Year, also known as Lunar New Year or Spring Festival, is celebrated on the first day of the lunar calendar. Itmarks the beginning of the new year according to the Chinese zodiac. It is the most important and widely celebrated festival in many Asian countries. The festivities last for 15 days and include various customs and traditions such as lion and dragon dances, fireworks, family gatherings, exchanging red envelopes with money, and enjoying special New Year’s meals. It is a time to bid farewell to the old year, welcome the new year, and wish for good fortune, health, and prosperity.

農曆新年,亦稱春節或過年,是在農曆曆法的第一天慶祝的。根據中國的十二生肖,它標誌著新年的開始。在許多亞洲國家,這是最重要且廣泛慶祝的節日。慶祝活動持續15天,包括獅子舞、舞龍、煙火、家庭聚會、紅包(裡面放有錢)的交換,以及享受特別的新年美食等各種習俗和傳統。這是告別舊年、迎接新年,並祝願好運、健康和繁榮的時刻。

Lantern Festival (元宵節)

Lantern Festival (元宵節)

Lantern Festival is celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, marking the end of the Chinese New Year celebrations. It is a colorful and vibrant festival where people light and display lanterns of various shapes and sizes. Lantern riddle guessing games, lion and dragon dances, and cultural performances are also part of the festivities. It is a joyful occasion where families and friends come together to enjoy the beauty of lanterns and create lasting memories.

元宵節在農曆正月的第十五天慶祝,標誌著農曆新年慶祝活動的結束。這是一個色彩繽紛且充滿活力的節日,人們點亮和展示各種形狀和大小的燈籠。燈謎猜燈遊戲、舞獅舞龍和文化表演也是慶祝活動的一部分。這是一個歡樂的場合,家人和朋友聚在一起,欣賞燈籠的美麗,共創難忘的回憶。

Valentine's Day (情人節)

Valentine's Day (情人節)

Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th and is a day dedicated to love and romance. It is a time when people express their affection to their loved ones through the exchange of cards, flowers, chocolates, and other gifts. Couples often go on romantic dates or spend quality time together to celebrate their love.

情人節是在2月14日慶祝的,是一個專注於愛情和浪漫的日子。這是人們通過交換卡片、鮮花、巧克力和其他禮物來表達對所愛之人的情感的時刻。情侶們通常會一起度過浪漫的約會或共度美好時光,來慶祝他們的愛情。

International Women's Day (婦女節)

International Women's Day (婦女節)

International Women’s Day is observed on March 8th to celebrate the achievements and contributions of women worldwide. It is a day to recognize women’s rights and gender equality. Many events and activities are organized to inspire and empower women, highlighting their achievements in various fields.

國際婦女節在3月8日被觀察,旨在慶祝全球婦女的成就和貢獻。這是一個重視婦女權利和性別平等的日子。許多活動和活動被組織起來,以激勵和賦予婦女力量,並突出她們在各個領域的成就。

April Fool's Day (愚人節)

April Fool's Day (愚人節)

April Fool’s Day falls on April 1st and is a day for playing pranks and jokes on friends and family. It is a lighthearted and humorous day where people try to trick others with practical jokes or funny hoaxes. The aim is to create laughter and amusement, with everyone participating in the spirit of fun.

愚人節落在4月1日,是一個開玩笑和惡作劇朋友和家人的日子。這是一個輕鬆愉快、幽默風趣的日子,人們試圖用惡作劇或有趣的騙局來愚弄他人。目的是帶來笑聲和娛樂,每個人都參與其中,享受這種有趣的氛圍。

Tomb-Sweeping Day (清明節)

Tomb-Sweeping Day (清明節)

Tomb-Sweeping Day, also known as Qingming Festival, is observed on April 4th to 6th. It is a traditional Chinese festival where people pay respects to their ancestors by visiting their gravesites, cleaning the tombstones, and making offerings. It is also a time for enjoying the outdoors, flying kites, and appreciating the beauty of spring.

清明節,也被稱為掃墓節,於4月4日至6日被觀察。這是一個傳統的中國節日,人們通過拜訪祖先的墓地、清理墓碑並獻上祭品來表達對祖先的尊敬。這也是一個享受戶外活動,放風箏和欣賞春天美景的時刻。

Mother's Day (母親節)

Mother's Day (母親節)

Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of May in many countries around the world. It is a day to honor and appreciate mothers and mother figures for their love, care, and sacrifices. People express their gratitude by giving cards, flowers, gifts, or spending quality time with their mothers.

母親節在世界上許多國家於五月的第二個星期日慶祝。這一天是為了向母親和母親形象致敬,感謝她們的愛、關懷和奉獻。人們通過送卡片、鮮花、禮物或與母親共度美好時光來表達感激之情。

Dragon Boat Festival (端午節)

Dragon Boat Festival (端午節)

Dragon Boat Festival, also known as Duanwu Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar. It commemorates the renowned poet Qu Yuan and involves dragon boat races, eating sticky rice dumplings (zongzi), and hanging up pouches of herbs to ward off evil spirits. It is a vibrant and energetic festival with cultural significance.

端午節,也稱為龍舟節,慶祝於農曆五月的第五天。它紀念著著名詩人屈原,包括舉行龍舟比賽、食用粽子(一種黏米做成的食物)和掛上藥草袋以驅逐邪靈。這是一個充滿活力和能量,具有文化意義的節日。

Father's Day (父親節)

Father's Day (父親節)

Father’s Day is observed on the third Sunday of June in many countries. It is a day to recognize and celebrate fathers and fatherly figures for their love, guidance, and support. Children often express their appreciation by giving gifts, cards, or spending time with their fathers, showing them how much they are valued.

父親節在許多國家於六月的第三個星期日被觀察。這是一個對父親和父親形象表示認可和慶祝的日子,感謝他們的愛、指導和支持。孩子們通常會通過送禮物、卡片或與父親共度時光來表達他們的感激之情,向父親展示他們的重要性。

National Day (國慶日)

National Day (國慶日)

National Day is celebrated on October 1st and commemorates the founding of a nation or the establishment of a significant historical event. It is a day filled with patriotic celebrations, including flag-raising ceremonies, parades, fireworks, and cultural performances. It is an occasion for people to express their love and pride for their country.

國慶日在10月1日慶祝,紀念一個國家的建立或重大歷史事件的確立。這是一個充滿愛國慶祝的日子,包括升旗儀式、遊行、煙火和文化表演。這是人們表達對自己國家的愛和自豪的時刻。

Halloween (萬聖節)

Halloween (萬聖節)

Halloween is celebrated on October 31st and is a festival with ancient Celtic roots. It is associated with costumes, trick-or-treating, pumpkin carving, haunted houses, and spooky decorations. It is a time when people embrace the supernatural and enjoy the thrill of frightful experiences.

萬聖節在10月31日慶祝,是一個具有古老凱爾特根源的節日。它與穿著化裝服、敲門索糖、刻南瓜、鬧鬼屋和恐怖裝飾等相關。這是人們擁抱超自然現象,並享受可怕體驗的時刻。

Thanksgiving (感恩節)

Thanksgiving (感恩節)

Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States and on different dates in other countries. It is a day to express gratitude for the blessings and harvest of the year. Families and friends come together for a festive meal that often includes turkey, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.

感恩節在美國於11月的第四個星期四慶祝,在其他國家則在不同的日期慶祝。這是一個表達對一年中祝福和豐收的感激之情的日子。家人和朋友聚在一起享用節日大餐,通常包括火雞、蔓越莓醬和南瓜派。

Christmas (聖誕節)

Christmas (聖誕節)

Christmas is celebrated on December 25th and is a religious and cultural holiday commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. It is a time of joy, giving, and togetherness. People decorate Christmas trees, exchange gifts, sing carols, and share festive meals with loved ones. It is a celebration that brings warmth and cheer during the winter season.

聖誕節在12月25日慶祝,是一個宗教和文化節日,紀念耶穌基督的降生。這是一個喜悅、給予和團聚的時刻。人們裝飾聖誕樹,交換禮物,唱頌聖歌,與親人分享節慶盛宴。這是一個在冬季帶來溫暖和歡樂的慶祝活動。

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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