【Gerund Infinitive 用法】原來有6個動詞有古怪!【文法全攻略】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Infinitive and Gerund 大全

你係咪係對幾時用Infinitive and Gerund感到困擾?

go 後面用 to infinitive 定 gerund?

stop 後面用 to infinitive 定 gerund?

有見及此,小編為大家整理了這篇Infinitive and Gerund 攻略,並附上大量例子!

Infinitive and gerund

Infinitive and Gerund

to infinitive and gerund用法

Gerund 中文是動名詞

Infinitive 中文是不定式

我們常在動詞後使用動名詞和不定式。

Gerund是用作名詞的動詞的-ing 形式。

to infinitive 是 to + 動詞的基本形式。

Gerund Infinitive 例子

to infinitive and gerund example

有些動詞後面只能跟Gerund,不能跟to-infinitive。

例如:

I suggest making the picture bigger. 

Shall we consider using a different colour too?

相反,有些動詞後面只能跟to-infinitive,不能跟Gerund。

例如:

We need to change the design. Yes, but we promised to finish this today.

有些動詞後面可以跟to-infinitive,又可以跟Gerund。

例如:

I like working / to work with other people, but I prefer being / to be in a team.

Gerund 文法

gerund意思

我們使用動名詞 Gerund像名詞一樣。

Gerund 用法

Grammar gerund

用作主語

例如:

Smoking is bad for you.

Buying books costs a lot of money.

用作賓語

例如:

I really enjoy reading.

We do not allow bullying

verb to be 後面使用

My favourite hobby is playing basketball.

Dan’s only interests are watching TV and playing chess.

Preposition 後面使用

We use a search engine for finding websites.

How about going for a swim?

名詞片語中使用

a travelling company

a shopping mall

變相有點像adj.

To infinitive 文法

to infinitive中文

與不同的時態不同,to-infinitive不給我們任何關於行動或事件時間的信息。

相反,我們使用它們以更general的方式談論動作和事件。

To infinitive 用法

To-infinitive examples

為什麼某人做某事

例如:

I’m going to buy some stamps.   

Jane is coming to help with the cleaning.

某事/物用作......

例如:

Tom needs glasses to read

The purpose of a fire door is to stop a fire spreading.

wh-word (除了why)之後使用

例如:

I don’t know who to ask for help. 

We can’t decide which teachers to ask to the party.

To infinitive Gerund
分別

to infinitive and gerund分別

有些動詞會根據其後跟的是Gerund還是To infinitive來改變它們的含義。

Forget

forget about + 動名詞來談論我們做過但不記得的事情。

It’s Carmen! Have you forgotten about meeting her at Leo’s party last week?

forget + to infinitive來談論我們想做但沒有做的事情。

Unfortunately I forgot to take my camera with me.

Go

go + gerund來談論一些運動和活動。

Amy and Tom go wind-surfing every weekend.

go + to-infinitive表示去某處的原因。

Alex goes to change his library books every Tuesday.

Regret

regret + gerund表示我們對我們所做的事情感到抱歉。

Almost immediately, I regretted speaking so angrily.

regret + to-infinitive談論壞消息。

We regret to announce that flight CX123 is delayed because of fog.

Remember

remember + gerund 談論我們做過和沒有忘記的事情。

I still remember being in a typhoon for the first time.

remember + to-infinitive談論我們還要做的事情。

I must remember to switch off the lights before I leave!

Stop

stop + gerund 來指代我們停止之前正在做的事情。

Alan stopped playing computer games when his dinner was ready.

stop + to infinitive 表示我們為什麼停下來。

Alan was playing computer games, but stopped to have his dinner.

Try

try + gerund 當我們做某事時看看結果會是什麼。

This computer isn’t working very well. Let’s try restarting it.

try + to 不定式 當我們努力做某事時。

I tried to move the wardrobe yesterday but it was too heavy for me.

To Infinitive Gerund list

to-infinitive or gerund

後面用gerund的動詞

Verb

Example

admit avoid consider deny dislike enjoy finish imagine keep mention

She admitted copying the idea from Susan.

We can’t avoid working late tonight.

Have you ever considered working in advertising?

Felix denied eating all the biscuits.

I really dislike sitting on a crowded bus. Sam enjoys playing tennis.

I’ll soon finish working on this advert.

Imagine being a famous pop star!

Sue keeps making mistakes.

William mentioned playing tennis at the weekend.

後面用to-infinitive的動詞

Verb

Example

afford agree appear ask choose decide expect help hope learn

I can’t afford to go out tonight.

Sam has agreed to meet us here at ten o’clock.

Jason appears to be rather shy.

Kim was asked to go home early.

Rick chose to use black and white photos.

We decided to go out for lunch.

I don’t expect to be in the first team.

Please help to make the event a success.

She hopes to leave early this afternoon.

  Jamie to use some new software.

Bare infinitives

Bare infinitives 是什麼

bare infinitives是沒有 to 的to infinitives(run、smile、travel 等)。

Bare infinitives 用法

Bare infinitives example

modal verbs/auxiliary verb 之後用

I might go to Britain next year, but I don’t want to go to London again.

have/help/let/make + direct object 之後使用

The travel agency had a driver pick me up at the airport.

Then the driver helped me check in when we got to the hotel.

感官動詞 + direct object 之後使用

As I felt the needle go in, I heard myself scream out in pain.

would rather … (than), rather than, had better (‘d better), why not之後使用

I’d rather travel by sea than fly.

And I think we should leave in September rather than wait until winter.

Actually, we’d better book our tickets soon.

Why not ask that friend of yours who’s a travel agent?

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