some/any/few/little/many/much 用法【數量詞 英文大全】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
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數量詞 英文

數量詞 英文 大全

英文數量詞的使用將影響聽者與讀者的理解,而且可能一個字母的區別,差距就很大了。

some/any/few/little/many/much 好混亂?

有見及此,小編為大家整理了這篇數量詞 英文 大全,並附上大量例子!

數量詞 英文

Quantifier

Quantifier

Quantifier是用在名詞前表示名詞的數量 

例子

Quantifier 例子有:

Some

many

a lot of

a few

Some/any

當我們不知道確切數量或確切數量不重要時,我們使用 some 和 any 來談論數量。

Some

Some

我們主要在肯定陳述中使用 some,既有不可數名詞也有復數可數名詞:

You also need some luck to be successful.

Some people are talented; some are more hard-working.

Any

Any

Any 也可用於可數名詞和不可數名詞。我們在問題中/否定句使用它:

Do you have any questions?

I don’t have any questions.

No/none

No/none

我們對可數名詞和不可數名詞都使用 no 和 none。

No 是一個限定詞,所以它後面總是跟一個名詞。

None 是代詞,所以它後面永遠不會跟名詞。

相反,我們在名詞已知時使用它:

There is no time.

None at all. (None = no time)

There were no visitors.

None showed up. (None = no visitors)

Much/many

Much/many

我們用 much 與不可數名詞和 many 與可數名詞來談論大量:

Much effort is needed.

There aren’t many new members this year.

Don’t lose hope even if there are many obstacles.

我們經常將 much and many 與疑問詞 how to 一起使用:

How many obstacles are there?

How much effort is needed?

A few/few
A little/little

A few/few/A little/little

我們用 a few 或 few 與可數名詞和a little 或 little 與不可數名詞來談論少量。

A few/few

A few/few

I have a few good friends.

(= I have some good friends.)

I have few friends. I should meet more people.

(= I don’t have many good friends.)

A little/little

A little/little

I have a little money. I’ll buy you an ice cream.

(= I have some money.)

I have little money. I can’t afford to buy an ice cream.

(= I don’t have much money.)

Too many/too much
Too few/too little

Too many/too much/Too few/too little

我們使用too many/too much的表達方式來談論不正確的數量,因為它們比應有的要大。

我們使用too few/too little 來談論比他們應該的少的數量:

Too much self-confidence makes you arrogant; too little of it makes you weak.

Too many activities make you too busy; too few of them make you dull.

Both

Both

我們將 both 與復數可數名詞一起使用來指代兩件事或兩個人:

Both students are running for chairperson.

Both of them are qualified for the position.

我們還使用 both…and 來連接兩個人、事物等:

Both Angel and Andy are running for chairperson.

(= Angel is running for chairperson. Andy is also running for chairperson.)

She is both hard-working and talented.

(= She is hard-working. She is also talented.)

All

All

我們用all來指事物或人的總數或數量。我們可以將 all 與可數名詞和不可數名詞一起使用:

All members have a vote.

All the money is gone.

Every/each

Every/each

將 every 和 each 與單數可數名詞一起使用:

Take every opportunity available.

Each opportunity is valuable.

(each + singular countable noun + singular verb)

在談論兩件事/人時使用每each (not every) :

Andy and Angel each have 50 votes.

(… and … + each + plural verb)

Each of them has 50 votes.

(each of + … + singular verb)

Enough

Enough

使用 enough 表示我們擁有(或沒有)我們需要的份量。

對可數名詞和不可數名詞使用 enough:

There are enough paper plates. We have seventy-five.

Do we have enough time for the barbecue?

There are not enough knives. We only have six.

More/fewer/less

More/fewer/less

當比較 amounts 時,我們可以對可數名詞和不可數名詞使用 more:

I need more time to do my homework.

I join clubs to make more friends.

將 fewer 與複數可數名詞一起使用:

There are fewer activities near exam time.

將不可數名詞使用 less:

Do you have less time for homework if you join a club?

More … than/fewer… than/ less … than

More … than/fewer… than/ less … than

當我們比較兩個數量時,我們使用 more … than/fewer … than/less … than。我們可以將這些表達與名詞和代詞一起使用。

可數名詞和不可數名詞可以使用 more … than :

I have more friends than enemies.

He had more money than sense.

可數名詞可以使用fewer … than:

I have fewer friends than you.

不可數名詞可以使用less … than:

I have less money than my sister.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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