【Verb 動詞教學】4大動詞+Tenses+被動式等 全包!【文法懶人包】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Verb 中文 詳解

Verb 中文

Verb 教學大全

Verb 大家都應該耳熟能詳!

不過,內裡有很多細節會令人忽略!

甚至連中六生都未搞清楚。

例如:點解有啲verb後面要加preposition?

點解有啲verb後面可以直接full stop?

有見及此,小編為大家整理了Verb 中文教學 大全,並附上大量例子!

Verb 是什麼?

Verb

動詞(verb)是表示行為、特徵、情感等的詞類。

例如:

do, study, be get, can, must等

動詞可分為4種:

  1. Notional Verb 實義動詞
  2. Link Verb 連繫動詞
  3. Modal Verb 情感動詞
  4. Auxiliary Verb 助動詞

Notional Verb 實義動詞

Notional Verb 實義動詞

Notional Verb 實義動詞 表示人或事物的動作。

實義動詞有:

  1. Transitive Verb 及物動詞
  2. Intransitive Verb 不及物動詞

兩類。

不過,許多動詞可以是Transitive Verb 及物動詞 又是 Intransitive Verb 不及物動詞。

Transitive Verb 及物動詞

Transitive Verb 及物動詞

及物動詞即是必須涉及物件或人。如果沒有一個可以影響的物件或者人,該句子就是不完整的。

I love singing。

我愛唱歌。

在這句話中,動詞屬於及物動詞,而其目標則是唱歌這件事。若果沒有目標或稱為受詞,那麼這句句子便無法運作。所以若果省去手詞 – I love 是不對的。

Intransitive Verb 不及物動詞

Intransitive Verb 不及物動詞

而不及物動詞則是可以獨立使用的。所以它不用目標(受詞)就能夠表達句子的意思。若果你為這句句子加上受詞,則不能夠表達句子的意思。

I laugh.

我笑了。

在這句話中,動詞屬於不及物動詞,它不需要一個受詞。若果為其加上受詞,整句句子就會變成錯誤的。即如果在 I laugh 後面加上受詞 – I laugh her, 則是錯的。若果要將其變成及物動詞,則要加上at 在後面成為一個詞組(phrasal verb)

兩者皆可的動詞:

Verb      

Transitive

Intransitive

Write

Write your name here.

Noah couldn’t read or write.

Wash

Have you washed your hands?

I washed, dressed, and went out.

Live

He’s living a life of luxury abroad.

My dog lived till he was 11.

Run

used to run a restaurant.

The path ran over the hill.

Set

Bella sets a chair next to the bed.

The sun was setting, and a red glow filled the sky.

Do

Have you done your workout?

Bella’s doing well in her new job.

Grow

I grow star fruit in my garden.

My dog is growing quickly.

Open

Open the door.

The store will open later.

Close

Please close your eyes.

Most shops here are closed

Play

Bella plays the piano.

Bella will play outside today.

Link Verb 連繫動詞

Link Verb 連繫動詞

Link Verb 連繫動詞 表示人和事物的特徵和狀態。

例句

最常見的link verb 有be, get, become, feel, smell, sound, look, seem等

例句:

He is a student.

His words sounded true.

Modal Verb 情態動詞

Modal Verb 情態動詞

Modal Verb 情態動詞 說話的人的某種情感。

Modal Verb 情態動詞必須和Notional Verb/Link Verb 一起用。

最常見的Modal Verb 情態動詞 有:

can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, and must.

例句

Can you speak English?

It cannot be true.

He must be the man we are looking for

It may or may not happen.

Auxiliary Verb 助動詞

Auxiliary Verb 助動詞

Auxiliary Verb 助動詞 是用來協助主動詞完成情態和否定等詞類。

List of auxiliary verbs

  • be (amareiswaswerebeing),
  • can,
  • could,
  • do (diddoesdoing),
  • have (hadhashaving),
  • may,
  • might,
  • must,
  • shall,
  • should,
  • will,
  • would

例句

We will visit the museum tomorrow

He does not like the food

Form 動詞 詞形

Form 動詞 詞形

動詞的詞形有4種:

  1. 不定式 (infinitive)
  2. 過去式 (past form)
  3. 現在分詞 (present participle)
  4. 過去分詞 (past participle)

不定式 (infinitive)

不定式 (infinitive) 就是動詞的原形。

有時會在前面加上 to 來表示,稱為 to-infinitive

如果沒有,我們通常會稱之為 bare infinitive

過去式 (past form)
過去分詞 (past participle)

這些就是 大家平時學的past tense & pp

這裏就不多贅述。

現在分詞 (present participle)

現在分詞 (present participle) 就是大家所學的-ing form

Tenses 時態

最常用的時態有7種:

  1. Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Past Tense
  5. Past Continuous Tense
  6. Past Perfect Tense
  7. Future Tense

之前小編有分別寫不同時態的文章,大家不妨看看!

Passive Voice 被動語態

今次想同大家討論 Passive voice 用法

普遍同學認識 Active voice ,即係大家所講 SVO, Subject (主語)一定是句子中的第一個字, Verb (動詞)緊貼著主語,最後, Object (副詞)通常在句子的最尾部分。

相反,Passive voice的次序調轉,Object是句子的第一個字,Verb 緊貼著 Object,最後,Subject通常在句子的最尾部分。

在某些情況下,Passive voice 會沒有Subject。

Passive Voice 例句

The event is organized by the school. 

The mall was being renovated at the time.

A password is needed to access the website.

The rubbish is removed from the bins daily by the cleaner.

Phrasal Verb 短語動詞

Phrasal Verb 短語動詞

Phrasal verb (也稱為multi-word verb)是與一個或多個prepositions或adverbs(稱為particles)組合的動詞:

Phrasal Verb 例句

I’m looking after my nephew this weekend. My sister has to go on a business trip.

You should never go back on a promise. Otherwise, people will not trust you.

Verb Table

Verb Table

常見動詞

base form

past

past

participle

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

bet

bet

bet

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

breed

bred

bred

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

burn

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

do

did

done

dig

dug

dug

draw

drew

drawn

dream

dreamt/dreamed

dreamt/dreamed

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

got

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

lean

leant/leaned

leant/leaned

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read /ri:d/

read /red/

read /red/

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone

shone

shoe

shod

shod

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown

shrink

shrank

shrunk

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

spill

spilt/spilled

spilt/spilled

spread

spread

spread

speed

sped

sped

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

stink

stank

stunk

swear

swore

sworn

sweep

swept

swept

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

write

wrote

written

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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