【Comparatives & Superlatives用法】比較級 最高級 形容詞 大全!【文法全攻略】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

比較級 & 最大級形容詞

比較級 & 最大級形容詞

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 用法 大全

adjective 有時加er 有時加ier?

有時又加est 有加-iest?

點解可以倒置寫:The warmer it gets, the more comfortable I feel.?

小編為大家整理了Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 用法 大全,並附上大量例子!

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 中文是比較級 & 最大級形容詞。

用作比較,例如:

I am taller than you.

我比你高。

I am the tallest in this class.

我是這個班最高的。

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 例子

tall taller

old older oldest

tall taller tallest

good better best

bad worse worst

Comparatives Adjective 用法

Comparatives Adjective 用法

我們用比較級形容詞 + than 來比較兩個事物或人:

Hong Kong is smaller than Tokyo.

Tokyo is cleaner than Hong Kong.

有時我們不會同時提及我們正在比較的兩個事物。

在這些句子中,我們不會使用than:

It is sunnier today.

This is tastier.

I feel better now.

Comparatives Adjective 構成方式

Comparatives Adjective 構成方式

對於單音節形容詞和以 -y 結尾的形容詞,我們通過添加 -er 形成比較級。

有時spelling會稍微改變……

例子

例子

Most short adjectives

+er

fast     faster

Short adjectives ending in -e

+r

large  larger

Adjectives ending in a consonant + y

– y + ier

crazy  crazier

Short adjectives with a short vowel + a consonant

double the consonant + er

big         bigger

Short adjectives with a long vowel sound a

 +er

cheap  cheaper

對於三個或更多音節的形容詞,我們通過在形容詞前加上 more 來構成比較級:

more sensible

more expensive

more intelligent

下列形容詞有不規則的比較級形式:

good better

bad worse

far farther/further

little less

這些當然不是黃金定律,但依然有跡可循。

Comparatives Adjective 實用句式

Comparatives Adjective 實用句式

less + adjective

less + adjective

我們也用less+形容詞來做比較。我們可以將它與短形容詞和長形容詞一起使用:

Sarah is less tall. Mark is less arrogant.

……我們可以用 than 來比較兩個事物或人:

Sarah is less tall than Mark. Mark is less arrogant than Sarah.

Not as as 的意思是 less … than:

Karen is not as kind as Vivian.

(Karen is less kind than Vivian.)

My dog isn’t as obedient as Sam’s.

(My dog is less obedient than Sam’s.)

as + adjective + as

as + adjective + as

也可以用as+形容詞+as的結構來進行比較。

當兩件事在某種程度上相同時,我們會使用它。

例如:

Rick and Tom are both 1.82 metres tall. Rick is as tall as Tom.

Catherine is as intelligent as Susan.

Superlative Adjective 用法

Superlative Adjective 用法

當我們比較兩個以上的事物或人時,我們需要使用最高級的形容詞:

例如:

Sarah is the cleverest student in the class. She is also the most arrogant student in the class.

Sarah是班上最聰明的學生。她也是班裡最囂張的學生。

Superlative Adjective 構成方式

Superlative Adjective 構成方式

對於單音節形容詞和以 -y 結尾的形容詞,我們通過添加 -est 形成最高級。

有時spelling也會稍微改變……

Most short adjectives

+ est

strong the strongest

Short adjectives ending in -e

+ st

large the largest

Adjectives ending in a consonant + y

– y + iest

crazy the craziest

Short adjectives with a short vowel sound + a consonant

double the consonant + est

big →the biggest

Short adjectives with a long vowel sound + a consonant

+ est

cheap the cheapest

對於三個或更多音節的形容詞,我們通過將 most 放在形容詞之前來構成最高級:

the most surprising

the most complicated

the most interesting

下列形容詞有不規則的最高級形式:

bad the worst

far the farthest/furthest 

good the best

little the least

這些當然不是黃金定律,但依然有跡可循。

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 實用句式

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective 實用句式

比較級 + and + 比較級

我們可以重複比較級形容詞來表示變化正在(或曾經)持續一段時間:

It’s getting colder and colder.

(= Every day is colder than the day before.)

I felt more and more comfortable.

I felt less and less worried.

The + 比較級+ SV, the比較級 + SV

The warmer it gets, the more comfortable I feel.

(= When it gets warmer, I also feel more comfortable.)

The colder it gets, the less comfortable I feel.

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective List

Comparatives & Superlatives Adjective List

Irregular Adjectives

Adj.ComparativeSuperlative
goodbetterbest
badworseworst
muchmoremost
farfurtherfurthest
lesslesserleast
manymoremost
wellbetterbest

Regular Adjectives

Adj.

Comparative

Superlative

angry

angrier

angriest

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

big

bigger

biggest

boring

more boring

most boring

cheap

cheaper

cheapest

clean

cleaner

cleanest

clever

cleverer

cleverest

close

closer

closest

cold

colder

coldest

cool

cooler

coolest

crazy

crazier

craziest

crispy

crispier

crispiest

cute

cuter

cutest

dark

darker

darkest

deep

deeper

deepest

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

dry

drier

driest

early

earlier

earliest

easy

easier

easiest

expensive

more expensive

most expensive

fast

faster

fastest

fat

fatter

fattest

few

fewer

fewest

fit

fitter

fittest

flat

flatter

flattest

fresh

fresher

freshest

funny

funnier

funniest

great

greater

greatest

hairy

hairier

hairiest

happy

happier

happiest

healthy

healthier

healthiest

heavy

heavier

heaviest

high

higher

highest

hot

hotter

hottest

hungry

hungrier

hungriest

interesting

more interesting

most interesting

kind

kinder

kindest

large

larger

largest

late

later

latest

light

lighter

lightest

little

littler

littlest

long

longer

longest

loud

louder

loudest

low

lower

lowest

modern

more modern

most modern

near

nearer

nearest

new

newer

newest

nice

nicer

nicest

old

older

oldest

poor

poorer

poorest

 

popular

more popular

most popular

quick

quicker

quickest

rich

richer

richest

sad

sadder

saddest

salty

saltier

saltiest

scary

scarier

scariest

short

shorter

shortest

skinny

skinnier

skinniest

slow

slower

slowest

small

smaller

smallest

smart

smarter

smartest

soft

softer

softest

strong

stronger

strongest

tall

taller

tallest

thick

thicker

thickest

tired

more tired

most tired

ugly

uglier

ugliest

warm

warmer

warmest

weak

weaker

weakest

wet

wetter

wettest

wide

wider

widest

young

younger

youngest

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