【Present Participle 用法】用喺Continuous Tense只係冰山一角!【文法終極指南】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Present Participle 中文 詳解

Present Participle

Present Participle 用法

究竟什麼是present participle?

什麼情況下會用present participle?

在continuous tense 底下用只是其中一個用法!

小編為大家整理了Present Participle的用法,並附上大量例子,第二個用法是非常實用的!

Past Participle 意思

Past Participle 意思

Present Participle 可能大家會比較陌生,不過如果是-ing大家就一定會知道。

大家都會聯想到以前學tenses時,continuous tense要加-ing。

其實Present Participle 用法不局限於

Past Participle 用法

Past Participle 用法
  1. Continuous Tenses
  2. Present Participle Phrase

Continuous Tenses

Continuous Tenses

Present Continuous Tense & Past Continuous Tense 都會使用Present Participle。

例句:

Sarah is talking on the phone right now.

At the moment, we’re walking to the MTR.

We’re helping at the animal shelter this term.

John and Mary are learning Japanese.

In this photo, I’m enjoying an ice cream.

David’s chatting to my cousin Joanna in this picture.

Present Participle Phrase

Present Participle Phrase

最後一個就是這篇文章的主角:Present Participle Phrase。

我們還可以用它們來表明兩個動作同時發生或一個接一個發生。

我們也可以用Present Participle Phrase來代替 because、since 和 as。

基本上90%以上的句子結構都可以用Present Participle Phrase 來表達。

Present Participle Phrase 簡單易學,而且可以幫助大家擺脫普通SVO句式以及since because等字眼。

更重要的是,不少DSE 5**文章以及 IELTS Band 9文章都有用!

Present Participle Phrase 構成方式

Present Participle Phrase 構成方式

我們以Present Participle(例如 studying、walking)作為Present Participle Phrase的開頭。

我們用它們來代替一般現在式、一般過去式、現在進行式或過去進行式的主語+被動動詞。

很難明?

看看例句你就會明!

Present Participle Phrase 例句

Present Participle Phrase 例句

原句:

Jill is very fit. She can run a marathon.

改寫:

Being very fit, Jill can run a marathon.

原句:

We saw the man fall down. We called for an ambulance.

改寫:

Seeing the man fall down, we called for an ambulance.

原句:

Jim is studying in London. He gets to travel around Europe during the school holidays.

改寫:

Studying in London, Jim gets to travel around Europe during the school holidays.

Present Participle Phrase 用法

Present Participle Phrase 用法

表示原因

表示原因

當Present Participle Phrase給出某事的原因時,它們也可以替換as / because / since + 主語 + 主動動詞。

原句:

As we were late for the musical, we were only allowed in after the first scene had finished.

改寫:

Being late for the musical, we were only allowed in after the first scene had finished.

原句:

We’re standing outside the hotel because we hope to see some celebrities.

改寫:

We’re standing outside the hotel, hoping to see some celebrities.

表示兩個動作同時發生或一個接一個發生

兩個動作

Present Participle Phrase 表示兩個動作同時發生或一個接一個發生時,也可以代替when/while+主語+主動動詞。

原句:

When he broke the window, the thief made a lot of noise.

改寫:

Breaking the window, the thief made a lot of noise.

原句:

While she was walking in Yau Ma Tei this morning, Daisy took a lot of photos.

改寫:

Walking in Yau Ma Tei this morning, Daisy took a lot of photos.

Present Participle Phrase 伏位

否定式

Present Participle Phrase 否定式

我們通過在present participle之前添加 not 來構成否定present participle phrase。

例句:

Not having his laptop with him, John couldn’t access the Internet.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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