【Phrasal Verb 大全】253個phrasal verb【文法懶人包】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Phrasal Verb 中文 詳解

Phrasal Verb

Phrasal Verb 大全

究竟咩係Phrasal Verb

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Phrasal Verb 意思

Phrasal Verb 意思

Phrasal verb (也稱為multi-word verb)是與一個或多個prepositions或adverbs(稱為particles)組合的動詞:

Phrasal Verb 例子

Phrasal Verb example

verb + adverb

Listen! A fire alarm is going off somewhere near here.

聽聽!這附近某處的火災警報正在響起。

verb + preposition

I’m looking after my nephew this weekend. My sister has to go on a business trip.

這個週末我要照顧我的侄子。我姐姐必須出差。

verb + adverb + preposition

You should never go back on a promise. Otherwise, people will not trust you.

你永遠不應該食言。否則,人們不會信任你。

Phrasal Verb 分類一

Phrasal Verb 分類

Phrasal Verb 在意思上有兩大類:

  1. literal phrasal verbs
  2. idiomatic phrasal verbs

literal phrasal verbs

literal phrasal verbs

有時你可以通過單個字來推斷Phrasal Verb含義。這些Phrasal Verb被稱為literal phrasal verbs。

例句:

It was busy, but we managed to get on the train.

在這句話中,get on 是一個literal phrasal verbs,意思是進入。

I put up the painting in the living room.

在這句話中,put up 是一個literal phrasal verbs,意思是掛在牆。

idiomatic phrasal verbs

idiomatic phrasal verbs

然而,有時phrasal verbs的含義與單個詞的含義完全不同。我們稱這些phrasal verbs動詞為idiomatic phrasal verbs

例句:

My sister and I don’t really get on. I think we’re too different.

在這句話中,get on 是一個idiomatic phrasal verbs,意思是良好關係。

When we were in Rome, Michael put us up.

在這句話中,put up 是一個literal phrasal verbs,意思是讓某人留在你家。

Phrasal Verb 分類二

Phrasal Verb 分類

Phrasal Verb 在文法上有兩大類:

  1. transitive phrasal verbs
  2. intransitive phrasal verbs

transitive phrasal verbs

transitive phrasal verbs

有些phrasal verbs後面必須跟object。我們稱這些phrasal verbstransitive phrasal verbs

例句:

Could you turn on the lights, please?

請你開燈好嗎?

I’ll look after your dog while you’re away.

你不在的時候我會照顧你的狗。

intransitive phrasal verbs

intransitive phrasal verbs

一些intransitive phrasal verbs從不跟object。這些被稱為intransitive phrasal verbs

例句:

I’m happy with the way it all turned out.

我對結果很滿意。

Yes, things are really looking up.

是的,情況確實在好轉。

Phrasal Verb 分類三

Phrasal Verb 分類

Phrasal Verb 在使用上有兩大類:

  1. separable phrasal verbs
  2. inseparable phrasal verbs

separable phrasal verbs

separable phrasal verbs

對於separable phrasal verbs,direct object位於phrasal verbs之後或verb與adverb / preposition之間。

例句:

To get a visa, you need to fill out this form.

To get a visa, you need to fill this form out.

Inseparable phrasal verbs

Inseparable phrasal verbs

對於inseparable phrasal verbs,direct object 總是在phrasal verb之後。

例句:

Don’t worry — they’re looking into the problem now.

I’m so tired — I really need to catch up on my sleep.

Phrasal Verb 縮寫

phrasal verb short form

Phrasal Verb (.phr)

Phrasal Verb 表

Phrasal Verb 表

常用Phrasal Verb

Phrasal Verb

常用意思

Aim At

瞄準

Ask For

Ask Out

問出

Back Down

退縮

Back Off

退後

Back Up

退後

Beat Up

Beef Up

加強起來

Believe In

相信

Bite Off

咬掉

Blow Away

吹走

Blow Off

吹掉

Blow Out

Blow Up

爆炸

Boil Down To

歸結為

Break Down

Break In

闖入

Break Off

Break Out

爆發

Break Through

突破

Break Up

中止

Bring Back

帶回

Bring Over

帶過來

Bring Up

Brush Off

刷掉

Brush Up

刷起來

Build In/Into

內置/內置

Bump Into

碰到

Burn Down

焚毀

Burn Out

倦怠

Burn Up

燃燒起來

Burst Out

爆發

Butt In

對接

Call Back

回電

Call In

呼入

Call Off

取消

Call Up

召喚

Calm Down

冷靜

Care For

Carry Away

帶走

Carry On

繼續

Carry Out

進行

Catch On

趕上

Catch Up

追上

Cheat On

作弊

Check In

登記

Check Out

退房

Chicken Out

退縮/放棄

Chop Up

切碎

Clean Out

清除

Clear Out

Clear Up

放晴

Clog Up

堵塞

Close Down

Close Off

封鎖

Come About

來吧

Come Across

Come Apart

分開

Come Back

回來

Come Down

下來

Come Down To

歸根結底

Come Down With

下來吧

Come In

請進

Come Off

脫落

Come On

加油

Come Out

出來

Come Over

過來

Come Through

通過

Come Up

上來

Come Up With

想出

Cool Off

冷靜下來

Count On

倚仗

Count Up

倒數

Cover Up 

掩蓋

Crack Down

打擊

Cross Off

劃掉

Cut Back

削減

Cut Down

Cut Off

切斷

Cut Out

Cut Up

切開

Deal With

周旋

Do Away With

取消

Do Over

重來

Do With

Do Without

沒有

Doze Off

打瞌睡

Dress Up

Drop In

插入

Drop Off

下車

Drop Out

輟學

Dry Off

晾乾

Dry Out

乾燥

Dry Up

Eat Up

吃光

Empty Out

清空

End Up

結束

Fall Apart

崩潰

Fall Behind

落後

Fall Down

Fall For

愛上

Fall Off

Fall Out

Fall Over

Fall Through

跌倒

Feel Up To

有能量去做sth

Fight Back

反擊

Figure On

圖上

Fill In

Fill Out

填寫

Fill Up

Find Out

找出

Fix Up

修復

Flip Out

翻出

Float Around

飄來飄去

Follow Up

跟進

Fool Around

胡鬧

Freak Out

嚇壞了

Get Ahead

領先一步

Get Along

生活

Get Around To

四處走動

Get Away

走開

Get Back

回來

Get Back At

回到

Get Back To

返回

Get Behind

落後

Get By

過得去

Get Down

趴下

Get In

進去

Get Off

下車

Get Off On

尋找刺激的東西

Get On

上車

Get Out

出去

Get Out Of

離開

Get Over

克服

Get Over With

結束

Get Through

打通

Get To

前往

Get Together

聚合

Get Up

起床

Give Away

贈送

Give In

讓步

Give Out

贈送

Give Up

放棄

Go About 

四處走動

Go After

追逐

Go Ahead

繼續

Go Along With

順著

Go Around

Go Away

走開

Go Back

回去

Go Back On

返回

Go Beyond

Go By

走過

Go Down

下去

Go For

Go In

走進去

Go In For

進去

Go In/Into

進入

Go Off

熄滅

Go On

繼續

Go Out

出去

Go Over

Go Through With

通過

Go Up

Go With

隨之而去

Goof Around

胡思亂想

Gross Out

嘔心

Grow Out Of

成長

Grow Up

長大

Hand Back

交還

Hand In

上交

Hand Out

分發

Hand Over

Hang Around

流連

Hang On

堅持

Hang Out

閒逛

Hang Up

掛斷電話

Have On

穿著

Head Back

頭向後退

Head For

會招致

Head Toward

朝向

Hear About

聽聽

Hear Of

得悉

Heat Up

加熱

Help Out

幫忙

Hit On

點擊開啟

Hold Against

堅持反對

Hold Off

推遲

Hold On

堅持

Hold Out

支援

Hold Up

保持強壯

Hook Up

掛接

Hurry Up

快點

Keep At

保持

Keep Away

Keep Down

壓低

Keep From

保持自

Keep Off

不提

Keep On

繼續前進

Keep To

Keep Up

跟上

Kick Back

休息放鬆

Kick Out

踢出

Knock Off

敲掉

Knock Out

打掉

Knock Over

翻倒

Know About

瞭解

Lay Down

放下

Lay Off

解僱

Lead Up To

引導至

Leave Behind

留下

Leave Off

離開

Leave Out

省略

Leave Over

留下

Let Down

放下

Let In

讓進來

Let Off

從輕處罰(某人)

Let On

透露

Let Out

結束

Let Up

改善

Lie Around

懶散度日

Light Up

使高興起來

Lighten Up

放鬆

Line Up

排隊

Live With

與(某人)未婚同居

Look Around

遊覽

Look At 

Look Down On

瞧不起

Look Forward To

期待

Look Into

Look Out

小心

Look Over

查看

Look Up

改善

Look Up To

敬仰

Luck Out

十分走運

Make For 

導致

Make Of

看待

Make Up

和解

Mess Up

搞砸了

Monkey Around With

胡亂觸摸

Move In

搬入

Move Out

搬走

Narrow Down

壓縮

Pay Back

使(某人)付出代價

Pay For

為…付出代價

Pay Off

取得成功

Pay Up

付清欠款

Pick On

找(某人)的漏洞

Pick Out

彈奏

Piss Off

滾開

Plan On

打算做…

Point Out

指出

Point To

表明可能是

Print Out

列印輸出

Pull Off

開動

Pull Out

開出

Pull Over

駛到路邊

Pull Through

恢復健康

Punch In

上班打卡

Punch Out

下班打卡

Put Away

把…送進精神病院

Put Back

放回原處

Put In

安裝

Put Off

推遲

Put Out

Put Together

Put Up With

忍受

Rip Up

把…撕成碎片

Rule Out

排除

Run Across

偶然遇到

Run Around

忙碌

Run Into

Run Out

用完

Run Over

溢出

Screw Out Of

逼(某人)交出

Screw Up

把事情搞砸了

See About

關照

Sell Out

賣光

Set Up

建立

Settle Down

安頓下來

Settle For

無奈接受

Show Off

炫耀

Shut Off

關閉

Shut Up

閉嘴

Sign In

登錄

Sign Out

登出

Sit Down

坐下

Slow Down

慢點開

Sneak In/Into

潛入/潛入

Stand Around

無所事事地站著

Stand For

容忍

Stand Up

站起來

Start Off

開始

Start Out

開始職業生涯

Stay Out

晚歸

Stay Up

熬夜

Step On

Stick Around

逗留

Stick Out

露出

Stick Up

豎起

Stop Off

中途停留

Stop Over

中途停留過夜

Straighten Out

使(某人)改邪歸正

Stress Out

令(某人)緊張

Switch Off

不再關注

Switch On

Take Apart

拆開

Take Back

退回

Take Out

帶(某人)出去

Take Out On

向(某人)發泄

Take Up On

接受

Talk Into

說服(某人)做…

Talk Out Of

說服(某人)放棄

Tear Down

拆毀

Tear Off

迅速離開

Tell Apart

分辨

Tell On

告發

Think About

記起

Think Ahead

未雨綢繆

Think Up

想出

Throw Away

扔掉

Throw Out

丟棄

Throw Up

Track Down

追蹤到

Try On

試穿

Turn Around

好轉

Turn Down

拒絕

Turn In

上床睡覺

Turn Into

變成

Turn Off

關閉

Turn On

Turn Out

結果是

Turn Over

轉動

Turn Up

突然好轉

Use Up

用光

Wake Up

醒來

Wash Off

洗掉

Wash Up

洗手

Watch Out

小心

Wear Down

磨損

Wear Off

逐漸消失

Wear Out

使(某人)筋疲力盡

Wind Up

陷入

Wipe Off

從…中除去

Wipe Out

失控

Wipe Up

擦拭

Work Out

鍛煉身體

Work Up

激發

Wrap Up

穿得暖和

Zip Up

拉上拉鍊

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