【Past Participle 用法】用喺Perfect Tense只係冰山一角!【文法終極指南】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Past Participle 中文 詳解

Past Participle 中文

Past Participle 用法

究竟什麼是past participle?

什麼情況下會用pp?

在perfect tense 底下用只是其中一個用法!

小編為大家整理了Past Participle的用法,並附上大量例子,第三個用法是非常實用的!

Past Participle 意思

Past Participle 意思

Past Participle 可能大家會比較陌生,不過如果是pp大家就一定會知道。

大家都會聯想到以前學tenses時,perfect tense要用pp。

其實Past Participle 就是 pp。

Past Participle 用法

Past Participle 用法
  1. Perfect Tenses
  2. Passive Voice
  3. Past Participle Phrase

Perfect Tenses

Perfect Tenses

Present Perfect Tense & Past Perfect Tense 都會使用Past Participle。

例句:

We’ve visited five countries already.

Have you ever been to London?

There has been a big earthquake in Japan.

The concert had already started when we arrived.

I looked out of the window and it seemed like the accident had just happened.

John phoned his mother after he had arrived in Sydney.

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

另一個大家最常用Past Participle的地方就是Passive Voice。

例句:

A jewellery shop was broken into yesterday.

Something is finally being done to save the coral.

This morning’s English lesson was taught by Ms Kong, not Ms Knight.

Past Participle Phrase

Past Participle Phrase

最後一個就是這篇文章的主角:Past Participle Phrase。

我們還可以用它們來表明兩個動作同時發生或一個接一個發生。

我們也可以用Past Participle Phrase來代替 because、since 和 as。

基本上90%以上的句子結構都可以用Past Participle Phrase 來表達。

Past Participle Phrase 簡單易學,而且可以幫助大家擺脫普通SVO句式以及since because等字眼。

更重要的是,不少DSE 5**文章以及 IELTS Band 9文章都有用!

Past Participle Phrase
構成方式

Past Participle Phrase 構成方式

我們以Past Participle(例如 helped、seen)作為Past Participle Phrase的開頭。

我們用它們來代替一般現在式、一般過去式、現在進行式或過去進行式的主語+被動動詞。

很難明?

看看例句你就會明!

Past Participle Phrase 例句

Past Participle Phrase 例句

原句:

Coffee is drunk by millions every day. It is one of the world’s most popular drinks.

改寫:

Drunk by millions every day, coffee is one of the world’s most popular drinks.

原句:

Andy was disappointed by the game. He went home early.

改寫:

Disappointed by the game, Andy went home early.

原句:

John was being bullied at school. He was very unhappy.

Bullied at school, John was very unhappy.

Past Participle Phrase
用法

Past Participle Phrase 用法

表示原因

表示原因

Terrified by the dog, Joe ran away as fast as he could.

Delayed at the airport, I read my new book.

表示兩個動作同時發生或一個接一個發生

同時發生

Introduced to the host, I thanked him for the wonderful party.

Teased by her classmates. She is very angry.

Past Participle Phrase
伏位

Past Participle Phrase

進行式

進行式

當我們用現在進行式或過去進行式替換被動動詞,我們也可以在過去分詞前使用 being。

例句:

Being teased by her classmates, Eva is very angry.

Being bullied at school, John was very unhappy.

否定式

否定式

我們通過在past participle之前添加 not 來構成否定past participle phrase。

例句:

Not allowed into the nightclub, the photographer waited outside the entrance.

Past Participle 表

Past Participle 表

原形

Past

Participle

be

been

bear

born

become

become

begin

begun

bite

bitten

break

broken

bring

brought

build

built

burn

burnt

 buy

bought

catch

caught

come

come

choose

chosen

cost

cost

cut

cut

do

done

draw

drawn

drink

drunk

drive

driven

eat

eaten

fall

fallen

feed

fed

feel

felt

find

found

fly

flown

forget

forgotten

get

got(ten)

give

given

go

gone

grow

grown

have

had

hear

heard

hold

held

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

know

known

leave

left

let

let

lie

lain

light

lit

lose

lost

make

made

mean

meant

meet

met

pay

paid

put

put

quit

quit(ted)

read

read

ride

ridden

ring

rung

run

run

say

said

see

seen

sell

sold

send

sent

shake

shaken

shine

shone

shut

shut

sing

sung

sit

sat

sleep

slept

speak

spoken

spend

spent

spread

spread

stand

stood

swim

swum

take

taken

teach

taught

tell

told

think

thought

throw

thrown

understand

understood

wake

woken

wear

worn

win

won

write

written

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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