【Reported Speech 用法】5大轉換重點!【文法全攻略】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Reported Speech 文法

Reported Speech 教學 大全

Direct Speech 點樣轉做 Reported Speech?

裡面有咩字要轉?

Tenses點轉? Pronoun點轉?

你是否有以上的煩惱?

不用擔心!小編幫大家整理了這篇Reported Speech全攻略,並囊括大量 Reported Speech 例子!

Reported Speech

Reported Speech 意思

Reported Speech 意思

在語言學中,Reported Speech是一種語法,用於報告另一話語的內容而不直接引用它。

Reported Speech 的另一個學名是 Indirect Speech

Direct Speech vs Reported Speech

Direct Speech vs Reported Speech

Direct Speech 與 Reported Speech 最明顯的分別就是“”

直接看例句:

Directed Speech

  1. Chris said,”I am sorry for this.”
  2. He asked Jason,”Can you lend me some money?”

Reported Speech

  1. Chris said that he was sorry for that.
  2. He asked Jason if he could land him some money

Reported Speech 轉換

Reported Speech 轉換

Directed Speech 與 Reported Speech 經常互相轉換。

尤其是把Directed Speech 轉換成 Reported Speech。

在這種狀況下,Pronoun, Tenses, 時間Adverb, 地點Adverb, 指示代詞等。

Pronoun 變化

唔使客氣英文

把Direct Speech 轉換成 Reported Speech,“”引號裏面的句子要遵從「第一人稱跟subject;第二人稱跟object;第三人稱不變。」

看看例句:

Direct Speech:

She told me,”I don’t think you will like him

Subject:She

Object:me

I = 第一人稱 所以是She

you = 第二人稱 所以是me 不過要變成主語 I

him = 第三人稱

對應Reported Speech:

She told me that she didn’t think I would like him

更多例句

例子1

Direct Speech:

He said, “I painted it all by myself, Mary.”

Reported Speech:

He told Mary that he had painted it all by himself

例子2

Direct Speech:

She said to me,”I am very glad to see you.”

Reported Speech:

She told me that she was very glad to see me.

*如果direct speech 用 A said to B…,那麼在reported speech 可以轉成 A told B that..

Tenses 變化

Tenses 變化

Directed Speech 轉成 Reported Speech 也要注意以下的Tenses 轉換。

Directed Speech

Reported Speech

Simple Present Tense

Simple Past Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Simple Past Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense (不變)

Can

Could

May

Might

Must

Had to

Shall/will

Should/would

例句:

Direct Speech:

She said,”They go to the library every day”

Reported Speech:

She said that they went to the library every day

更多例句

例子1

Direct Speech:

Nathan said,”I have lost my pen”

Reported Speech:

Nathan said that he had lost his pen

例子2

Direct Speech:

He said to Mary,”I shall meet you at the airport.”

Reported Speech:

He told Mary that he would meet her at the airport.

時間 Adverb 變化

時間 Adverb 變化

Directed Speech 轉成 Reported Speech 也要注意以下的時間 Adverb 轉換。

Directed Speech

Reported Speech

Now

Then

Today

That day

Tonight

That night

This week

That week

Yesterday

The day before

Yesterday evening

The evening before

Last week

The week before

Two months ago

Two months before

Tomorrow morning

The next morning

Next week

The next week

The day after tomorrow

Two days later

The day before yesterday

Two days before

例句:

Direct Speech

She said,”I saw Mary yesterday.”

Reported Speech

She said that she had seen Mary the day before.

更多例句

例子1

Direct Speech:

She said,”He is reading now.”

Reported Speech:

She said that he was reading then.

例子2

Direct Speech:

“There will be a football match next week,” he said.

Reported Speech:

He said that there would be a football match the next week.

地點 Adverb 變化

地點 Adverb 變化

Directed Speech 轉成 Reported Speech 也要注意以下的地點 Adverb 轉換。

Directed Speech

Reported Speech

Here

There

例句:

Direct Speech

He said,”Great changes have taken place here.”

Reported Speech

He said that great changes had taken place there.

指示代詞 變化

指示代詞 變化

Directed Speech 轉成 Reported Speech 也要注意以下的指示代詞 轉換。

Directed Speech

Reported Speech

This

That

These

Those

例句:

Direct Speech

This is my handbag,” she said.

Reported Speech

She said that that was her handbag.

更多例句

例子

Direct Speech:

His aunt said,”I bought these shoes for you.”

Reported Speech:

His aunt said that she had bought those shoes for him

 

Reported Speech
不同句子轉換

Reported Speech 轉換

大家除了要注意上述的字眼,不同類型的句子都有不同的轉換方式。

陳述句轉換

陳述句轉換

主要加that便可。

例如:

Direct Speech:

She said,”I am going to the cinema tonight.”

Reported Speech:

She said that she was going to the cinema that night.

疑問句轉換

疑問句轉換

疑問句需要把陳述句that變成if/whether便可。

例如:

Direct Speech:

She asked me, “Is John worrying about anything?”

Reported Speech:

She asked me if John was worrying about anything.

如果問句使用wh字眼,那麼轉換方式會有些少不同!

更多例句1:

Direct Speech:

She said to me,”What do you mean?”

Reported Speech:

She asked me what I meant

例句2:

Direct Speech:

Whose pen are you using now?” she asked Tom

Reported Speech:

She asked Tom whose pen he was using then.

祈使句轉換

祈使句轉換

祈使句的轉換就是把陳述句的that換成 to/not to

例如:

Direct Speech:

Father said to Mary,”Don’t talk to me like this!”

Reported Speech:

Father told Mary not to talk to him like that.

更多例句1:

Direct Speech:

“Don’t say anything at the  meeting, Tom!” the boss said. 

Reported Speech:

The boss ordered Tom not to say anything at the meeting

例句2:

Direct Speech:

“Be quiet for a minute, ladies and gentlemen,” the speaker said.

Reported Speech:

The speaker asked the ladies and gentlemen to be quiet for a minute.

Reported Speech 練習

Reported Speech 練習
  1. She said,”It’s nine o’clock now.”
  2. They said, “we are working on our lessons now.”
  3. “I think I have the answer,” Tom shouted.
  4. “Are you leaving tomorrow, Mary?” they asked.
  5. She asked Tom,”Can you speak Russian?”
  6. Mrs. Lai demanded,”What were you kids doing?”
  7. “Which skirt do you like best?” Father asked Jane.
  8. “How long did it take you to get there?” he asked me.
  9. Come here tomorrow, Jack,” the girl said.
  10. “Don’t sit there John,” Mary said

答案

Reported Speech 答案
  1. She said that it was nine o’clock then.
  2. They said that they were working on their lessons then.
  3. Tom shouted that he thought he had the answer.
  4. They asked Mary if she was leaving the next day.
  5. She asked Tom if he could speak Russian
  6. Mrs. Lai demanded to know what the kids are doing.
  7. Father asked Jane which skirt she liked best.
  8. He asked me how long it had taken me to get there.
  9. The girl told Jack to go there the next day.
  10. Mary told John not to sit there.

Reported Speech 常見問題

yesterday reported speech

The day before

reported speech now

then, at that time

tonight reported speech

that night, last night, on Mon/Tue/Wed/Thur/Fri/Sat/Sun night

these reported speech

those

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