【Past Tense】3大用法 + 大量例子!【文法懶人包】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Simple Past Tense
(過去式)

Simple Past Tense

第一部分就要離開“現在” 講解 “過去”。

介紹另一個 Tense時態 Grammar item:past tense 過去式!

Simple Past tense 過去式 應該是大家學英文時第二個接觸的 Tense。(應該係,除非唔係)

不過,不要以為總是用就不會錯。

正正就是因為太常用所以越容易弄亂基本概念。

今天我就在這裏跟大家詳解Simple Past tense 過去式的用法,

快快讀下去看看自己是不是已經完全掌握English Simple Past tense 過去式!

用法1:過去的習慣/
重複的行爲

用法1:過去的習慣/重複的行爲

習慣?

不是應該用present tense 現在式嗎?

習慣都可能有過去的版本。

就好像Spencer Sir 以前做開gym,宜家無做,所以咪中年發福咯!

例句:

He walked to home every day. Sometimes, he took a shortcut.

他每天都步行回家。有時,他會走捷徑。

She played basketball every day when She was in high school.

她上高中的時候每天都打籃球!

用法2:過去同時/緊隨其後發生的兩個或以上的事件

用法2:過去同時/緊隨其後發生的兩個或以上的事件

看似非常模糊?

看看例句就會明白!

The moment she saw her son, she stopped crying.

當她看到兒子的那一刻,她停止了哭泣。

I woke up and took a bath.

我醒來後洗了個澡。

這裏允許我將些少Past Continuous Tense 過去進行式。

我會在後面的章節再作詳解!

我們使用過去進行式 + 簡單過去式來表明其中一個動作比另一個動作長:

As he was walking by the dam, he saw water seeping through a small hole.

當他走過大壩時,他看到水從一個小洞裡滲出。

用法3:在一個特定及已知的時間發生的事情

用法3:在一個特定及已知的時間發生的事情

這種情況下,應該都非常自然會用到過去式。

例句:

I met my teacher last Monday.
我上週一遇到了我的老師。

Yesterday, Jennie saved her vase from breaking.

昨天,珍妮救了她的花瓶不被打破。

Past Tense 構成方式

past tense中文

Past Tense be動詞 陳述句

past tense examples

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用 verb to be 構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb to be

 

I

He/ She/ It

Was

Was not/ wasn’t

Happy.

Late.

Right.

You

We

They

Were

Were not/ weren’t

Past Tense 其他動詞 陳述句

past tense examples

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb

 

I

You

We

They

He / She / It

passed

did not / didn’t pass

the test.

動詞 過去式 型態

past tense words

對於規則動詞,我們將 -ed 添加到動詞以形成簡單過去式
對於其他動詞,我們以不同的方式改變結尾

規則動詞:

Verbs

We should…

Examples

Most verbs

+ ed

walk  walked      

work  worked

Verbs ending in –e

+ d

hate  hate

like  liked

Verbs ending in –y

– y + ied

carry  carried      

cry  cried

Some verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant

double the

consonant + ed

plan  planned     

stop  stopped

不規則動詞:

We can…

Examples

keep the word as it is

beat  beat

hit  hit

put  put

cost  cost

hurt  hurt

read  read

cut  cut

let  let

shut  shut

change the vowel(s)

become became

drink  drank

know  knew

sing  sang

throw  threw

come  came

fall  fell

meet  met

sit  sat

win  won

choose  chose

give  gave

run  ran

swim  swam

write  wrote

change the final consonant

bend  bent

make  made

build  built

send  sent

lend  lent

spend  spent

change the word

break  broke

catch  caught

have  had

see  saw

take  took

bring  brought

do  did

find  found

leave  left

speak  spoke

buy  bought

eat  ate

go  went

say  said

think  thought

Past Tense 提問+回答

Past Tense 提問 回答

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用 verb to be 構成是/否問題:

Was

I

he / she / it

happy?

late?

right?

Were

you

we

they

Yes,

I

he / she / it

was.

you

we

they

were.

No,

I

he / she / it

was not / wasn’t.

you

we

they

were not / weren’t.

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成是/否問題:

Did

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

do the right thing?

help them?

pass the test?

Yes,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did.

No,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did not / didn’t.

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用used to構成回答:

Did

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

use to

eat a lot?

go to bed early?

look healthy?

Yes,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did.

No,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did not / didn’t.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

Share:
Facebook
LinkedIn
Twitter