【Future Tense】3大用法 + 大量例子!【文法懶人包】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Future Tense 用法

Future Tense 中文

Future Tense 用法 大全

這篇文章當然要介紹最後一個常用的Tense:Future tense 未來式!

Future tense 未來式應該對於大家來説是最簡單的!

一來,它的時間點是在未來。

與其他時態tenses有很大分別!

二來,它在使用時的變化比較單一。

不過,今天我都會在這裏跟大家詳解Future tense 未來式,

縱使是比較簡單的都值得大家讀下去!

用法1:未來發生的事情

future tense 用法

這部分非常直接。

什麽時候用future tense?

就是未來發生的事情!

例句:

The competition will take place at Mong Kok Sports Arena on 22 July.

比賽將於7月22日在旺角體育館舉行。

Shaomei’s very excitable. She will (’ll) bark when she sees the other dogs.

紹美非常興奮。當她看到其他狗時,她會吠叫。

用法2:說話時做出的決定

說話時做出的決定

這個用法好像很抽象,不過絕對不是!

看看例句:

He said, ‘We’ll call you when the show starts.’

他說,“演出開始時我們會打電話給你。”

‘Can somebody take me home?’ Alex asked. ‘I’ll take you home,’ said Jane.

Alex問“有人可以帶我回家嗎?”。 Jane說“我送你回家。”

用法3:計劃好的事件

計劃好的事件

這個用法則與用法一有點相似。

因為計畫好的事情都是在未來發生,不過這個用法強調計劃了

例句:

The competition will take place at Mong Kok Sports Arena on 22 July.

比賽將於7月22日假旺角體育館舉行。

Future Tense 構成方式

Future Tense

Future Tense 陳述句

我們用這樣的意志形成正面和負面的陳述:

Subject

will

bare infinitive

 

We

will (’ll)

wait

for you.

will not (won’t)

start

without you.

Ben

will

be

fine on the train.

She

will not (won’t)

be

nervous.

Future Tense 提問+回答

我們會用will這樣問問題……

(Question word)

will

subject

bare infinitive

 
 

Will

you

travel

by train?

 

Will

she

be

nervous?

Where

will

you

go

next?

我們會像這樣回答是/否問題……

Question

Positive answer

Negative answer

Will you travel by train?

Yes, we will.

No, we will not.

No, we won’t.

Will she be nervous?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

No, she won’t.

Will vs be going to?

will 更常用於最近的決定、某些未來和預測。 Going to 傾向於用於之前決定的事件。

我們使用 be (am/are/is) going to 來談論意圖,即在說話之前我們決定做的事情:

She’s going to enter two competitions this year.

我們也可以使用 be going to 進行預測,即根據我們現在所知道的,說出我們認為未來會發生的事情:

Phuket is such a wonderful place. You’re going to have a fabulous holiday!

be going to 形成語句

我們會形成正面和負面的陳述……

Subject

be

going to

bare infinitive

 

I

am (’m)

going to

enter

the competition.

am not (’m not)

going to

enter

it next year.

You / We / They

are (’re)

going to

cheer

for Stella.

are not (aren’t)

going to

cheer

for Shaomei.

He / She / It

is (’s)

going to

travel

by train.

is not (isn’t)

going to

travel

by bus.

be going to 提問和回答問題

我們會這樣用be going to問問題……

(Question word)

be

subject

going to

bare infinitive

 

 

Are

you

going to

take

Helen with you?

 

Is

it

going to

rain

tomorrow?

What

is

she

going to

wear?

 

我們會回答這樣的是/否問題……

Question

Positive answer

Negative answer

Are you going to take Helen with you?

Yes, I am. /

Yes, we are.

No, I am not. /No, we are not.

No, I’m not. /No, wearen’t.

Is it going to rain?

Yes, it is.

No, it is not.

No, it isn’t.

No, it’s not.

Present Tense 談論未來

我們可以用Present Tense 來談論日程安排和時間表中的未來事件:

The dog show takes place on 14 July. It starts at 3 p.m. and finishes at 6.30 p.m.

The train departs from Hung Hom at 13.25, and it getsinto Guangzhou East at 15.15.

Present Continuous Tense 談論未來

我們可以用Present Continuous Tense來談論安排,即非常確定的未來計劃:

Lily and I are entering an agility competition in July.

Are you coming to dog training tonight?

Yes, I am.

No, I’m not.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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