【Inversion 終極指南】5大用法 助你擺脫單調句式!【文法懶人包】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Inversion Grammar

Inversion Grammar

Inversion 用法 大全

不少5**狀元的文章中都有使用這種句式。

  • 如果你正在煩惱怎樣寫出倒裝句,
  • 或者你不知道何時使用倒裝句,
  • 不想再被老師打交叉✖️

那麼這篇文章就是專門為您設計!

內裡有大量例句以及精確解析!

什麽是 Inversion ?

Inversion

在大多數英語語句中,主語位於動詞之前。當我們將主語放在動詞之後時,它被稱為倒裝(Inversion)

其實各位一直都在應用倒裝

最常見的用法是在問題中:

By the way, do you have Tony’s contact details?

Inversion 用法

Inversion 用法

Inversion 用法大致分成5種:

  1. 問問題
  2. 在某些adverb後使用
  3. Conditional sentence
  4. Direct speech
  5. so/neither/nor/as/than 後使用

用法一:問問題

inversion example

在文章的開頭,小編向大家展示了Inversion最常被無意識地使用的情況,就是問問題。

甚至連question tag 都會使用!

Inversion 問問題 例句

  1. Do your teachers set you a lot of homework?
  2. Was this bus here earlier today?
  3. Did Karen remember to post my letters? 
  4. Has Freddy had his breakfast yet?
  5. Can we go swimming on Saturday?  
  6. Would you like another dumpling?
  7. Who was that boy outside the door?   
  8. Where shall we go tonight? 
  9. We should get up early tomorrow, shouldn’t we?
  10. John likes to play tennis, doesn’t he?

用法二:
在某些adverb後使用

在某些adverb後使用

某些具有否定意義的adverb和adverb phrase後面常接倒裝(Inversion)。

這種結構主要用於正式英語中以強調一個觀點

這些常用adverb包括:

  1. hardly
  2. hardly ever
  3. little
  4. never
  5. no sooner … than
  6. not only
  7. not until/till
  8. rarely
  9. scarcely ever
  10. scarcely … when
  11. seldom
  12. under/in no circumstances

用法二 例句

  1. Under no circumstances  should they have any problems.
  2. Rarely does Joe do his work on time.
  3. Never have I been to such a lovely place.
  4. Only by regular exercise can you hope to keep fit.

用法三:Conditional sentence

Conditional sentence

在正式的英語中,我們可以使用Inversion來構成沒有連接詞if的條件句。

當我們倒置Conditional Sentence Type 1時,我們將 if 替換為 should

當我們倒置Conditional Sentence Type 2時,我們總是使用助動詞 were

當我們倒置Conditional Sentence Type 3時,我們改變主語和助動詞 had 的順序,並刪除 if:

用法三 例句

Should you change your mind, please let me know.

(= If you change your mind, please let me know.)

Were Carl to ask you to the party, would you accept?

(= If Carl asked you to the party, would you accept?)

Have we been told about Mr. Lam Mr Lee’s visit earlier, we’d have had much more time to get everything prepared.

(= If Sue had seen your exam results, she would have been impressed.)

用法四:Direct speech

Direct speech

第四種用法Direct speech也是絕大多數同學很不自覺地就會使用inversion的情況。

這裏不多解釋,直接看例句會更清晰!

用法四 例句

  1. ‘I’ll help you with that,’ said the stranger.
  2. ‘Sit down and be quiet!’ shouted Miss Lee.

用法四 常見陷阱

當主語是代詞時,我們不在直direct speech後使用inversion。

‘Shall I get some cold drinks?’ he asked.

用法五:so/neither/nor/
as/than後使用

inversion sentence

第五種方法有點難分類,所以索性把它獨立出來。

我們也可以在 so 和 neither/nor 之後使用inversion。

在肯定的陳述之後使用 so

另外,在否定陳述之後使用 neither 或 nor

此外,我們可以使用倒置來與 as 和 than 進行比較。

用法五 例句

  1. John’s gone on holiday.  Has he? So has Dan.
    (= Dan has gone on holiday too.)
  2. I don’t know how to swim.  Neither / Nor do I.
    (= I don’t know how to swim either.)
  3. The Hong Kong Car Service Company is reliable, as is ABC Company.
  4. Mr Ho visits Hong Kong more often than does Mr Lam.

Inversion 寫作公式

inversion sentence structure

小編都知道大家最想要的不只是用法,而是怎樣在實戰寫作中寫出無懈可擊的inversion。

所以一下會提供一些寫作公式,供大家參考!

作用1: 表示並列關係

  1. Not only …also (不但…而且)

Example: Not only does China manufacture goods, it also produces many prominent athletes.

作用2: 表示否定

  1. Seldom … (甚少)

Example: Seldom do Hong Kong students read books in their leisure time.

  1. Rarely… (極少)

Example: Rarely does the CY Leung administration listen to public opinion.

  1. Hardly…(幾乎不能)

Example: With the ossified education system, hardly can students develop their creativity.

  1. Never … (永不)

Example: Despite its promise in the constitution, never does Beijing allow the citizens to have freedom of expression, freedom of press and freedom of religion.

  1. At no time (永不會)

Example: At no time will the central government agree to the implementation of universal suffrage in Hong Kong.

  1. No longer (不再)

Example: With its burgeoning economic and military strength, no longer does China make humiliating concessions to foreign powers.

  1. Under no circumstances (沒有任何條件)

Example: Under no circumstances should we tolerate domestic violence in a society.

  1. Hardly a day elapses without + / v.+ing (沒有一天沒有)

Example: Hardly a day elapses without disheartening news.

  1. SVO. + Nor does + sbdy + (不做…亦不做)

 SVO. + Nor can + sbdy + v. (不能…亦不能)

Example: Being a socially withdrawn youngster lacking motivation, he does not go to school, nor does he search for jobs.

Example: Getting lost in the remote forest, he could not find any food, nor could he call the police.

作用3: 表示目的

  1. Only through… (只有通過)

Example: Only through international cooperation can we stem the tide of cross-border crimes, like prostitution, drug trafficking and terrorist activities.

作用 4: 表示條件

  1. The + 比較級+ SV, the比較級 + SV

Example: The harder we work, the better results we can get.

  1. The sooner….the better (越快越好)

Example: The sooner we concentrate on our studies, the better.

  1. Only when + SVO + can + sbdy + (只有到…時候,才會…)

Example: Only when the Japanese government encourages more married women to rejoin the labour force can Japan raise its productivity.

作用 5: 表示程度

  1. So + is + S + that + SVO

Example: So magnificent is the scenery of Yangtze River that it captivates tourists from around the globe.

  1. Such is + the + + n. + that + VO

Example: Such is the indomitable spirit that has contributed to Hong Kong’s phenomenal success and transformation into the Pearl of the Orient.

作用6: 表示先後

  1. Scarcely had sbdy + + when + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)

No sooner had + sbdy + v. + than + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)

   (past perfect + past)

Example: Scarcely had the prisoners finished their lunch when they were ordered to work.

Example: No sooner had he crossed the finish line than he fainted.

作用7: 表示位置

  1. In/On/At + 地方 + + n.

Example: At the airport stood a swarm of crazy fans.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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