Preposition 用法 詳解
Prepositions of time
|on||days of the week||on Friday|
|in||months / seasons|
time of day
after a certain period of time (when?)
|in September / in autumn|
in the evening
in thirty minutes
a certain point of time
at half past seven
|since||from a certain point of time in the past||since 1999|
|for||a certain past time until present||for 10 years|
|ago||a time in the past||4 years ago|
|before||earlier than a specified date||before 2020|
|to||telling the time||ten to 10 (9:50)|
|past||telling the time||ten past five (5:10)|
|to / till / until||the beginning and end of a period of time||from Wednesday to/till Friday|
|till / until||how long something is going to last||He is on vacation until Sunday|
|by||indicating the latest something will happen by|
up to a certain time
|I will be done with work by 6 o’clock.|
By 7 pm, I had finished my chores.
Prepositions of place
|in||room, building, street, town, country|
book, paper, etc.
|We sleep in our bedroom. We live in Texas.|
I live in the United States.
I read about it in Harry Potter.
We are going in a bus to the sports game.
You look great in that picture. Where in the world were you?
|at||next to or by an object|
for sitting at a table
place where you are to doing something
|Leave your shoes at the door.|
We have dinner at the table.
I told him I would meet him at school.
We are studying at the library.
being on an object
for a certain side
for a floor in a house
for public transportation
|The mirror is on the wall.|
The keys are on the desk.
The stage is on the right side.
We live on the first floor.
I talked to him on the bus.
I saw it on Twitter.
|by, next to, beside||left or right of an object or person||The school is next to the church.|
|under||on the ground or lower than something else||The ants are under the rock.|
|below||lower than something else||The glasses go below the cups in the pantry.|
|over||covered by something else|
meaning more than
getting to the other side
overcoming an obstacle
|Put a blanket over your lap.|
You can drive if you are over 16 years of age.
Drive over the bridge.
Climb over the wall.
|above||higher than something else, but not directly over it||The plates go above the glasses in the pantry.|
|across||go to the other side||Walk across the bridge.|
Swim across the pool.
|through||to move from one place to another by entering the inside of something||Drive through the tunnel.|
Enter through the breezeway.
|to||movement to person, building, place or country|
can also indicate bedtime
|Go to the restaurant.|
Go to California.
Go to bed.
|into||enter a room or a building||Go into the house. Once there, go into the bedroom.|
|towards||movement in the direction of something, as opposed to away from it||She walked towards the house.|
|onto||moving to the top of something||Jump onto the bench.|
|from||where did object come from||We bought a fruit from the grocery store.|
例子：on, in, under, off, over, at, to, by, above, near, with, for, but, behind, from, beside, during, down
I am going to college.
The kitty is sitting on the chair.
The kid is hiding under the desk.
She met him at the school function.
The squirrels are sitting by the wood.
It is convenient to live near the office.
She made a portrait with charcoal.
I was fascinated by his talent.
The dinner has been placed on the dining table.
I have been her friend since 2005.
in between, from within, out of, inside of, up tp, onto, upon, into, from behind, outside of, within, without
The snake has gone out of control.
I was permitted the inside of the monastery.
Helen squished in between three of her relatives.
The criminal was shot from behind by the police
Our team is incomplete without him.
The intelligent girl solved 10 equations out of 12.
The monkey climbed onto the poles.
The chimpanzee is inside the zoo.
She came over to the party.
He stepped out of the cab.
on behalf of, accoring to, in addition to, aside from, with a view to, in the middle of, from beneath, in front of, across from, in place of, in regard to, in spite to
Hi, the scooter is parked in front of my house.
She bought a new handbag in addition to the new dress.
According to the news, the weather is going to be pleasant this week.
He found the coins from beneath the sofa.
Aside from dancing, she also draws very well.
The cops are running behind the robbers.
He was unwell, so Sheena performed in place of him.
Marla chose henry because of his positive attitude.
Vinny dressed according to the dress code.
She has a shop across the street.
Participle preposition可以分成present participles和past partciples兩種。
considering, touching following, failing, accepting, saving
respected, given, gone, taken, provded, pleased
Seeing his behavior, he was barred from the functions.
He was sad, given the fact he secured fewer marks.
I wish to get this book translated into French.
We will deliver excellent service provided we get paid well.
Considering the time spent, the portrait turned out to be beautiful.
The puppy kept following me through the market.
The dispute case of the house is still pending in the court,
No one is supposed to use the phone during the flight.
Assuming the debate will start in 2 hours, we all go for a tea.
I work the night shift, and now I am super tired.
Type 1: 形容詞和名詞後的介詞
例：bad at, good at, surprised at
I was surprised at the number of people who came.
- “About and with”
例：angry about, pleased about （用於形容事物）
I am pleased about your new job.
例：angry with, pleased with（用於形容人物）
I was really angry with John.
“Disappointed”後需使用“about” 或 “with”；“Worried”後則只能使用“about”：
She was pretty disappointed with / about her exam results.
I am worried about John. They are worried about the test.
例：decrease in, drop in, fall in, increase in, rise in:
There was an increase in attendance at this month’s meeting.
表達對比兩件事，需使用“the difference between them”：
The main difference between the American and the Canadian accent is in the vowels.
例：advantage of, disadvantage of, example of, number of, percentage of, use of
The number of people in my class who smoke is incredible.
Type 2: 動詞後的介詞
I totally agree with the government’s decision.
Both sides in the war have agreed to the ceasefire.
Mum made me go and apologise to our neighbours for breaking their window.
- “Find out, know, learn, teach, think”
Our teacher is trying to teach us about life in the olden days.
“Think”後亦可以配搭 “about” 或 “of” 表達意見或未來計劃：
What do you think about / of the new computer lab? (意見)
I’m thinking about / of going back to university next year to finish my degree. (未來計劃)
當表達注視某物時，需使用“look at”，而當表達尋找某物時，則使用“look for”：
Oh, look at the sunset! Isn’t it beautiful?
I’ve looked for my homework everywhere. Have you seen it?
Type 3: 時間和地點的介詞
I came to Australia in 1988. We landed on 1st October, in the afternoon.
Let’s meet at the weekend. Are you free on Sunday at 8:00?
I have lived in Australia for 18years.
I met my husband in London.
I read some interesting new research in this month’s medical journal.
‘Where is dad?’ ‘He’s at work.’
Shall we meet at the cinema? (= meet outside the building)
‘Where are you going?’ ‘I’m just going to the library to do some work.’
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- countable & uncountable noun
- 英文數字 全攻略
- comparatives &superlatives
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- modal verb
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- present participle
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- 英文連接詞 大全
- conditional sentence
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- question tag