Sentence Structure 大全
一直SVO SVO SVO……
你即使有優良內容，但缺乏漂亮的sentence structure/sentence pattern就等於功虧一簣！
- With + , + SVO
Example: With the the Octopus system, we can complete our payment more conveniently
- Through/By + / v.+ing, + SVO
SVO + through/by + n. / v.+ing
Example: Through the cloud platform, we can upload document online easily.
- + ing + v. + n.
Example: Enhancing the living environment of the impoverished should be the priority of the government.
- + ing + n., + SVO
p.p. + n., + SVO
Example: Watching the dreary movie, the couple fell asleep.
Example: Having graduated from Cambridge University, Wang Yan-lung became a barrister.
Example: Disappointed by the humiliating defeat of the Chinese soccer team, the spectators damaged the vehicles outside the stadium.
- + ing + n., + SVO
p.p. + n., + SVO
Example: Pretending to be a beetle, Shinchan made his classmates laugh.
Example: Bullied by his schoolmates, Bobby suffered from depression and plunged to his death.
- S + + ing + …+ VO
S + p.p. + …+ VO
Example: The only shooting guard scoring more than 80 points in a single game is Kobe Bryant.
Example: The shopping mall visited most frequently by mainland tourists is New Town Plaza in Shatin.
Noun Clauses 主要把一句句子當作一個名詞看待，然後再運用例如：what, that, whether等字眼串連。
- (What + v. + …) + VO
- (The fact) that + SVO + VO
- Whether + SVO + VO
- It is + 個性形容詞 + of + sbdy + to +
Example: It is wise of you to study assiduously to prepare for the HKDSE.
- It is + 其他形容詞 + for + sbdy + to +
Example: It is crucial for the United States to stem the tide of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism in the Middle East.
S that/who/whom/which VO
- It is + + that/who/whom/which + VO
Example: It is feudalism and Confucianism which contributed to the stagnation of China’s social and economic development.
Parallelism (排比句)是最被忽略的一種句式。因為它看起來非常簡單且無聊，就是SVO; SVO; SVO。
- SVO; + SVO; + SVO.
Example: Thanks to the indiscriminate use of credit cards, adolescents will become the slaves to luxurious products; adolescents will be at risk of financial peril in the face of snowballing debts; adolescents will lose their soul and personality when they become insolvent.
- With + , + SVO; + with + n., + SVO; with + n., + SVO.
Example: With national education, our next generation will be brainwashed; with national education, our next generation will lose their critical thinking; with national education, our next generation will fail to identify right from wrong.
- Isn’t it
absurd/preposterous/ridiculous/ludicrous that + SVO?
Example: Isn’t it absurd that the government has become the enemy of the public?
- Instead of + +ing, why don’t + SVO?
Example: Instead of becoming bookworms, why don’t we participate in more extra-curricular activities?
- Sbdy + hold the belief that + SVO (有…的信念)
Example: Many sixth-formers hold the belief that they can enhance their English results by attending tutorial classes without working hard.
- Sbdy + put emphasis on + (強調)
Sbdy + attach importance to + n.
Example: Nowadays, smartphone companies put emphasis on fancy designs rather than the durability of their products.
Example: In a money-oriented society like Hong Kong, most people attach importance to the pursuit of affluence.
- The importance of + (…的重要性)
The significance of + n.
Example: Realizing the importance of political transformation, Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao implemented the “Hundred Days’ Reform” in 1898, but to no avail.
Example: Gone are the days when enterprises ignored the significance of corporate social responsibility.
- Not only …also (不但…而且)
Example: Not only does China manufacture goods, it also produces many prominent athletes.
- Seldom … (甚少)
Example: Seldom do Hong Kong students read books in their leisure time.
- Rarely… (極少)
Example: Rarely does the CY Leung administration listen to public opinion.
Example: With the ossified education system, hardly can students develop their creativity.
- Only through… (只有通過)
Example: Only through international cooperation can we stem the tide of cross-border crimes, like prostitution, drug trafficking and terrorist activities.
- The + 比較級+ SV, the比較級 + SV
Example: The harder we work, the better results we can get.
- The sooner….the better (越快越好)
Example: The sooner we concentrate on our studies, the better.
- So + is + S + that + SVO
Example: So magnificent is the scenery of Yangtze River that it captivates tourists from around the globe.
- Scarcely had sbdy + + when + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)
No sooner had + sbdy + v. + than + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)
(past perfect + past)
Example: Scarcely had the prisoners finished their lunch when they were ordered to work.
Example: No sooner had he crossed the finish line than he fainted.