【9種Sentence Structure】DSE考生必知|助你擺脫“SVO”句式!

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

Sentence Structure 大全

如果你一直為句式單調乏味感到煩惱,

一直SVO SVO SVO……

或者and完再and……

你即使有優良內容,但缺乏漂亮的sentence structure/sentence pattern就等於功虧一簣!

如果你有以上情況

那麼你就一定要看完這篇文章!

sentence structure

Prepositional Clauses

Prepositional Clauses

大多會使用with/through/by,不過切記preposition不等於conjunction,句子一樣只能有一個verb!

作用1:表示因果關係

  1. With + , + SVO

Example: With the the Octopus system, we can complete our payment more conveniently

作用2:表示目的

  1. Through/By + / v.+ing, + SVO

SVO + through/by + n. / v.+ing

Example: Through the cloud platform, we can upload document online easily.

省略句

pexels-photo-5273431

省略句主要把兩句句子連結起來,然後把其中一句的動詞換成-ing型態/pp型態。

-ing型態=主動

pp型態=被動

作用1: 句子主語

  1. + ing + v. + n.

Example: Enhancing the living environment of the impoverished should be the priority of the government.

作用2: 表示同一時間發生、時間先後 (前後兩句主語必須相同)

  1. + ing + n., + SVO
    p.p. + n., + SVO

Example: Watching the dreary movie, the couple fell asleep.

Example: Having graduated from Cambridge University, Wang Yan-lung became a barrister.

Example: Disappointed by the humiliating defeat of the Chinese soccer team, the spectators damaged the vehicles outside the stadium.

作用3: 表示因果關係 (前後兩句主語必須相同)

  1. + ing + n., + SVO
    p.p. + n., + SVO

Example: Pretending to be a beetle, Shinchan made his classmates laugh.

Example: Bullied by his schoolmates, Bobby suffered from depression and plunged to his death.

作用4: 附加描述

  1. S + + ing + …+ VO
    S + p.p. + …+ VO

Example: The only shooting guard scoring more than 80 points in a single game is Kobe Bryant.

Example: The shopping mall visited most frequently by mainland tourists is New Town Plaza in Shatin.

Noun Clauses

Noun Clauses

Noun Clauses 主要把一句句子當作一個名詞看待,然後再運用例如:what, that, whether等字眼串連。

作用1: 句子主語

  1. (What + v. + …) + VO
Example: What really matters is not material comforts, but spiritual welfare.
  1. (The fact) that + SVO + VO
Example: That Hong Kong is overtaken by Shenzhen and Shanghai can be attributed to the myopia of the government.
  1. Whether + SVO + VO
Example: Whether students can enhance their academic results hinges on their effort.

Adjective Patterns

Adjective patterns

Adjective patterns顧名思義是以形容詞作為軸心的一種句式

作用1: 加強語氣

  1. It is + 個性形容詞 + of + sbdy + to +

Example: It is wise of you to study assiduously to prepare for the HKDSE.

  1. It is + 其他形容詞 + for + sbdy + to +

Example: It is crucial for the United States to stem the tide of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism in the Middle East.

Cleft Sentences
(分裂句)

Cleft Sentences (分裂句)

分裂句是運用例如:
that/who/whom/which 把一句句子斬開。

很多時候原本的SVO就會變成:

S that/who/whom/which VO

作用1: 加強語氣

  1. It is + + that/who/whom/which + VO

Example: It is feudalism and Confucianism which contributed to the stagnation of China’s social and economic development.

Parallelism
(排比句)

Parallelism (排比句)​

Parallelism (排比句)是最被忽略的一種句式。因為它看起來非常簡單且無聊,就是SVO; SVO; SVO。

但是我們發現不少高分同學文章中都有排比句的影子!

能夠讓marker彷彿聽到你內心的聲音!

作用1: 加強語氣

  1. SVO; + SVO; + SVO.

Example: Thanks to the indiscriminate use of credit cards, adolescents will become the slaves to luxurious products; adolescents will be at risk of financial peril in the face of snowballing debts; adolescents will lose their soul and personality when they become insolvent.

  1. With + , + SVO; + with + n., + SVO; with + n., + SVO.

Example: With national education, our next generation will be brainwashed; with national education, our next generation will lose their critical thinking; with national education, our next generation will fail to identify right from wrong.

Rhetorical Questions
(反問句)

Rhetorical Questions (反問句)​

平時寫文章都是平鋪直敘:陳述句.陳述句.陳述句.陳述句.陳述句.陳述句.

間中穿插反問句都是很不錯的!

作用1: 加強語氣

  1. Isn’t it
    absurd/preposterous/ridiculous/ludicrous that + SVO?

Example: Isn’t it absurd that the government has become the enemy of the public?

  1. Instead of + +ing, why don’t + SVO?

Example: Instead of becoming bookworms, why don’t we participate in more extra-curricular activities?

Nominalization
(名詞化)

Nominalization (名詞化)​

名詞化不像剛剛那些句式,背後有formula可以跟從。

這裏會提供一些很有用的名詞化句子!

作用1: 使句式多變

  1. Sbdy + hold the belief that + SVO (有…的信念)

Example: Many sixth-formers hold the belief that they can enhance their English results by attending tutorial classes without working hard.

  1. Sbdy + put emphasis on + (強調)

Sbdy + attach importance to + n.

Example: Nowadays, smartphone companies put emphasis on fancy designs rather than the durability of their products.

Example: In a money-oriented society like Hong Kong, most people attach importance to the pursuit of affluence.

  1. The importance of + (…的重要性)

The significance of + n.

Example: Realizing the importance of political transformation, Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao implemented the “Hundred Days’ Reform” in 1898, but to no avail.

Example: Gone are the days when enterprises ignored the significance of corporate social responsibility.

pexels-photo-2527696

Inversion 倒轉句主要的特徵在於把動詞前置。

原本的SVO會變成VSO。

(當然句子其他元素都要跟著變動/加減,不能隨便調位!)

作用1: 表示並列關係

  1. Not only …also (不但…而且)

Example: Not only does China manufacture goods, it also produces many prominent athletes.

作用2: 表示否定

  1. Seldom … (甚少)

Example: Seldom do Hong Kong students read books in their leisure time.

  1. Rarely… (極少)

Example: Rarely does the CY Leung administration listen to public opinion.

  1. Hardly…(幾乎不能)

Example: With the ossified education system, hardly can students develop their creativity.

作用3: 表示目的

  1. Only through… (只有通過)

Example: Only through international cooperation can we stem the tide of cross-border crimes, like prostitution, drug trafficking and terrorist activities.

作用 4: 表示條件

  1. The + 比較級+ SV, the比較級 + SV

Example: The harder we work, the better results we can get.

  1. The sooner….the better (越快越好)

Example: The sooner we concentrate on our studies, the better.

作用 5: 表示程度

  1. So + is + S + that + SVO

Example: So magnificent is the scenery of Yangtze River that it captivates tourists from around the globe.

作用6: 表示先後

作用6: 表示先後

  1. Scarcely had sbdy + + when + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)

No sooner had + sbdy + v. + than + sbdy + v. (不久後…便…)

   (past perfect + past)

Example: Scarcely had the prisoners finished their lunch when they were ordered to work.

Example: No sooner had he crossed the finish line than he fainted.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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