【Not only but also 用法】3大用法盲點 一文掌握!【懶人包】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Not only but also 用法

一文解決你對Not only but also 文法的煩惱!

你是否對於英文某些常用字的用法都一知半解呢?

那麽今天就不能允許自己這樣做。

因此小編將會分享Not only but also 用法,並配上相應例句。

Not only but also 用法

Not only but also 用法

「Not only but also」是一個用來強調兩個相關或相似事物的句型,通常用於列舉兩個以上的事物或特點。以下是「Not only but also」用法的概覽:

  1. 用於列舉兩個以上的事物或特點,以強調它們之間的相似性或重要性。

  2. 可以用在肯定或否定句子中。

  3. 句子結構是「Not only + [第一個事物或特點] + but also + [第二個事物或特點]」。

  4. 在句子中,「Not only」和「but also」之間的詞序可以交換,但意思不變。

  5. 如果句子中的主詞不同,則需要在第二個子句中重複主詞。

以下是一個例子:Not only did he win the race, but he also broke the record.(他不僅贏得了比賽,還打破了紀錄。)

Not only but also 中文意思

Not only but also 中文

Not only A but also B 是指「不只 … 還 …」,相對更強調B,有一種層遞的感覺。

例如:

I like not only apples but also oranges.
我不僅喜歡蘋果,還喜歡橙。

Not only but also 怎樣用

Not only but also 文法

  1. Not only A but also B 前後A B結構必須對等。
  2. Not only 放在句首時,需使用倒裝句(inversion)。
  3. Not only A but also B B後面的動詞需跟從B,不要被A擾亂。

Not only A but also B
前後A B結構必須對等。

not only but also句首

因爲not only A but also B 是對等的sentence structure。

A&B可以是單一個名詞、形容詞或子句, A 和 B 兩者的詞性和時態必須是互相呼應的。

即是説:如果 A 是名詞,B 也一定要是名詞,如果 A 是句子, B 也必須為句子。

就是門對門,戶對戶的關係。

例句:

The car not only is economical but also feels good to drive.
VO對VO

The war caused not only destruction and death but also generations of hatred between the two communities.
Noun 對 Noun

Not only but also 倒裝

not only but also用法倒裝

Not only 放在句首時,需使用倒裝句

倒裝句有兩中sentence structure:

  1. Not only + 
    do/does/did/will/should/would/can/could + 主詞 + 動詞(bare infinitive) , but + 主詞 + (also) + 動詞
  2. Not only + be 動詞 + 主詞 , but + 主詞 + be 動詞 + (also)

例句:

  1. Not only did she forget my birthday, but she also didn’t even apologise for forgetting it.
  2. Not only was it raining all day at the wedding but also the band was late.

Not only A but also B
B後面的動詞需跟從B

not only but also逗號

即是説,B後面的動詞需否加s 全權由B定奪!

例句:

Not only does she want a pay increase, but her friends also want reduced hours as well.

want跟從her friends而非she

Not only but also 常見變化

Not only but also

除了最普通的情況例如:

Not only Noun, but also Noun
If this project fails, it will affect not only our department, but also the whole organization.

Not only VO, but also VO
They not only practice frequently but also arrive early.

Not only SVO(倒裝), but also SVO
Not only did she forget my birthday, but she also didn’t even apologise for forgetting it.

還可以有其他變化。

only 可用 merely 替代

例如:

The war caused not merely destruction and death but also generations of hatred between the two communities.

not only but also 的 also
可移至句尾或省略

not only but also省略

例如:

This essay is not only wordy but boring (also).

Not only but also 動詞

Not only but also 用法

「Not only but also」通常和動詞搭配使用,以強調兩個相關或相似的動作。以下是幾個「Not only but also」和動詞搭配使用的例子:

  1. Not only did she study hard, but she also participated in extracurricular activities.(她不僅努力學習,還參加課外活動。)

  2. The company not only invested in new technology, but also hired more skilled workers.(這家公司不僅投資於新技術,還聘請了更多技術優秀的工人。)

  3. The restaurant not only serves delicious food, but also provides excellent customer service.(這家餐廳不僅提供美味的食物,還提供優質的客戶服務。)

  4. Not only did they finish the project on time, but they also exceeded expectations.(他們不僅按時完成了項目,還超出了預期。)

  5. The school not only teaches academic subjects, but also promotes character development.(這所學校不僅教授學術科目,還促進品格發展。)

在這些例子中,「Not only」和「but also」之間的動詞搭配強調了兩個相關的動作或特點,使句子更加生動有力。

Not only but also 造句

Not only but also 例句

  1. Not only did she finish her work on time, but she also exceeded expectations. (她不僅按時完成了工作,還超出了預期。)

  2. The new restaurant not only serves delicious food but also has a great atmosphere. (這家新餐廳不僅提供美味的食物,還有很棒的氛圍。)

  3. He not only plays the guitar but also sings beautifully. (他不僅彈吉他,還唱歌非常好聽。)

  4. This book not only has an interesting plot but also provides valuable insights. (這本書不僅情節有趣,還提供了有價值的見解。)

  5. She not only speaks fluent English but also knows several other languages. (她不僅會說流利的英語,還知道其他幾種語言。)

  6. The museum not only displays beautiful artwork but also offers educational programs. (這個博物館不僅展示美麗的藝術作品,還提供教育課程。)

  7. The movie not only has a great story but also features top-notch acting. (這部電影不僅有一個好故事,還有一流的演技。)

  8. The company not only values its employees but also provides opportunities for growth. (這家公司不僅重視員工,還提供成長機會。)

  9. The concert not only showcases talented musicians but also features stunning visual effects. (這場音樂會不僅展示有才華的音樂家,還有驚人的視覺效果。)

  10. The school not only focuses on academic excellence but also promotes character development. (這所學校不僅注重學術卓越,還促進品格發展。)

Not only but also 常見錯誤

Not only but also 逗號

在使用「Not only but also」時,逗號的使用規則取決於其連接的句子類型。以下是幾個使用逗號和不使用逗號的規則:

  1. 連接兩個獨立子句時,需要在「but」前加上逗號,如:
  • Not only did he win the race, but he also broke the record.
  • The company not only invested in new technology, but also hired more skilled workers.
  1. 連接一個獨立子句和一個從屬子句時,通常不需要使用逗號,如:
  • Not only did she study hard but she also participated in extracurricular activities.
  • The restaurant not only serves delicious food but also provides excellent customer service.
  1. 連接兩個名詞時,不需要使用逗號,如:
  • My favorite sea creatures are not only sharks but also dolphins and jellyfish.

需要注意的是,這些規則並不是絕對的,具體使用時還要考慮句子的上下文和語境。例如,如果在一個較長的句子中使用「Not only but also」,可能需要在兩個子句之間加上逗號以增加可讀性。在使用逗號時,也應該避免過度使用,以免影響句子的流暢度和清晰度。

Not only but also 同義

“Not only but also” 是一個常用的關聯詞組合,用來連接兩個相關的元素。儘管沒有一個可以完全替代 “Not only but also” 的同義詞,但有其他一些詞語和詞組可以用來表達相似的意思。以下是一些可以用作 “Not only but also” 的英文同義詞:

  1. “Not just…but also” – 這個詞組與 “Not only but also” 非常相似,可以用來連接兩個相關的元素。

  2. “In addition to…there is also” – 這個詞組可以用來介紹另一個相關的元素。

  3. “Besides…there is also” – 這個詞組與 “In addition to…there is also” 相似,可以用來連接兩個相關的元素。

  4. “Moreover…also” – 這個詞組可以用來連接兩個相關的元素,強調第二個元素也同樣重要。

  5. “As well as” – 這個詞組可以用來連接兩個相關的元素,強調兩個元素都是同樣重要的。

這些詞語和詞組在表達相似的意思方面都有一定的靈活性和替換性,但在使用時應該遵循句子的語境和上下文,並選擇最適合的詞語或詞組來表達自己的意思。

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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