60個萬用【IELTS writing句型】【內附精確例子】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

今次我想同大家分享IELTS writing 句型。

如果你想在作文卷取得高分,你就需要學會不同句型。

只要你懂得用不同句型,不一定要最深,但都足以奪得高分。

以下將會分享常用的IELTS writing 句型。

的確/真的......但是......

It is true that + SVO, but + SVO.
(的確/真的……但是……)

E.g It is true that land reclamation is an effective solution to the shortage of land, but we cannot neglect the severity of land reclamation to the environment. 

同學可在文章開首使用這種句型,用作回應文章題目,例如題目說明有人認為填海便可以解決土地供應不足,你是否認同呢?如果同學不認同,可以用這個方式回答。

大家普遍認為

It is generally believed that……(大家普遍認為)

E.g. It is generally believed that students should arrive at school on time.

如果同學要表達一個人人也認同的道理,同學可以用這種類型。 

為了 …….

In order to / So as to…….. (為了 …….)

E.g. In order to (So as to) raise the awareness of environmental protection, the government should convey the message about the importance of the environment to the general public via education.

Alternative: The government convey the message about the importance of the environment to the general public via education in order to (So as to) raise the awareness of environmental protection. 

如果同學要提出解決問題的方法時,可以使用這種句型作過渡。為了解決這個問題,我們應該要………。這種句式可以促使文章更加連貫。

不但,而且

Not only, but also (不但,而且)

E.g. Not only does the government put forward different policies to improve the environment, but citizens are also able to take action to protect the environment.

當同學要提出另外一個解決方法時,可以使用這種句型作過渡。不但這個方法可行,而且另外一個方法是可行。這種句式可以促使文章更加連貫。

但是,反對者認為

However, naysayers may argue that……..
(但是,反對者認為)

E.g. However, naysayers may argue that this is not a suitable solution. 

駁論是議論文的其中一個論證手法,同學可以使用駁論手法,加強文章的說服力。

這絕無誇張

It is no exaggeration that + SVO這絕無誇張
Example: It is no exaggeration that Michael Jordan is the greatest player in NBA history.

毫無疑問

It is beyond all reasonable doubt that + SVO毫無疑問
Example: Despite the fact that the construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is costly, it is beyond all reasonable doubt that it will be beneficial to our economic development.

必須承認

It must be acknowledged that + SVO必須承認
Example: While China is the fastest-growing economy in the world, it must be acknowledged that the pollution problem in China is very serious.It is no exaggeration 

有待觀察

It remains to be seen whether + SVO有待觀察
Example: It remains to be seen whether the Umbrella Movement will galvanize more youngsters to participate in politics.

這是受歡迎的進展

This is a welcome development/ This is to be welcomed 這是受歡迎的進展
Example: In view of the serious juvenile unemployment problem, the government has provided more vocation training for teenagers. This is a welcome development.

這是值得欣慰的

This is something to be thankful for 這是值得欣慰的

Example: Although his parents died of cancer when he was very young, he did not give up himself. He is studying very hard now in pursuit of a bright future. This is something to be thankful for.

這是顯而易見的

It is perfectly/crystal clear that + SVO這是顯而易見的

Example: It is perfectly clear that Tung Chee Hwa was responsible for the slump of the property market.

沒有理由

Someone/something should by no means + v. 沒有理由

Example: The plight of the underprivileged should by no means be neglected.

建議比實行容易

This is easier said than done 建議比實行容易

Example: Many people have suggested the government should provide more financial assistance for the underprivileged. However, this is easier said than done especially at a time when the government is still facing a fiscal deficit.

我們一定要將言語轉化為行動

We must translate words into action 我們一定要將言語轉化為行動

Example: Many African countries are in dire straits. Developed countries must translate words into action to alleviate the problem of poverty in Africa.

時間已經無多

The clock is ticking 時間已經無多

Example: The clock is ticking now. We have to take precautionary measures before the coming of the typhoon.

有更多/足夠證據顯示

There is increasing/ample evidence that + SVO有更多/足夠證據顯示

Example: There is ample evidence that the competitiveness of Hong Kong has been undermined in recent years.

有論據要說明

There is an argument to be made that + SVO 有論據要說明

Example: There is an argument to be made that we have to attract talents from the mainland of China to relieve the problem of ageing population.

由於

Thanks to + n., + SVO由於

Example: Thanks to rapid economic development, we can enjoy higher living standard.

另一個需要留意的地方是

Another area which should be looked into is + n. 另一個需要留意的地方是

Example: In order to raise the morale of our staff, we can provide more medical welfare for them. Another area which should be looked into is their working environment.

這是特別值得關注的事

It is a particular concern that + SVO這是特別值得關注的事
Example: It is a particular concern that many teenagers in Hong Kong are contaminated by violence and pornography.

無可爭議

There is little dispute that + SVO無可爭議
Example: Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a charismatic president. His intelligence and determination helped the United States brave the storms of the Great Depression and the Second World War. There is little dispute that he was the greatest US president in the 20th century.

可望

 It is to be hoped + SVO可望
Example: The juvenile suicide problem has been a cause of great concern. It is to be hoped the government can provide more counseling services for our teenagers.

根據…..

 In the light of + n., + SVO根據…..
Example: In the light of HKDSE results, the mother tongue instruction policy proves to be a complete failure.

這個問題已敲響警鐘

n. + has sounded alarm bells 這個問題已敲響警鐘
Example: The great income disparity between the rich and the poor in China has sounded alarm bells.

這是正確的方向

This is a step in the right direction 這是正確的方向
Example: In recent years, developed countries have been providing more financial assistance for developing counties. This is a step in the right direction.

這是好兆頭

 It is a positive sign that + SVO這是好兆頭
Example: The increase in foreign investment is a positive sign that the competitiveness of China has been improving.

這是很好的例子

n. + is a case in point 這是很好的例子
Example: In recent years, many celebrities are embroiled in drug scandals. Jaycee Fong is a case in point.

戰役尚未完結

The battle is far from over 戰役尚未完結
Example: Although the spread of tuberculosis has been curbed in recent decades, the battle is far from over as tuberculosis is still one of the most fatal diseases in the world.

這只是一廂情願

Example: The United States and China want to prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons. Nevertheless, the reality proves it is just wishful thinking as both North Korea and Iran always want to build nuclear weapons.

在…的時間

At a time when + SVO, + SVO在…的時間
Example: At a time when the relationship between China and Japan is deteriorating, Japan’s Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, should not visit Yasukuni Shrine.

這件事仍歷歷在目

Something (incident, pain…..) is still fresh in our collective memory這件事仍歷歷在目
Example: Although Nanking Massacre happened 72 years ago, this incident is still fresh in our collective memory.

這是嚴肅的提醒

It is a sobering reminder + that + SVO這是嚴肅的提醒
It is a sobering reminder of + n.
Example: The outbreak of atypical pneumonia in 2003 was a sobering reminder that our medical system was far from perfect.

這是引起廣大注意的話題

It is a cause of great concern 這是引起廣大注意的話題
Example: Recently, the Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome has been spreading rapidly in South Korea. This has been a cause of great concern for many people in Asia.

值得留意

It is worth noting that + SVO值得留意
Example: While China’s economy has been growing at a staggering pace, it is worth noting that many people in China are still illiterate and impoverished.

這是值得記住的一點

It is worth remembering that + SVO 這是值得記住的一點
Example: Undeniably, Britain has bounced back from economic recession. Nevertheless, it is worth remembering that many people in Britain are still unemployed.

從正面看

On a more positive note, + SVO 從正面看 = positively thinking,
Example: There is no doubt the government has committed many mistakes since the handover. But on a more positive note, it has made strenuous efforts to stimulate economic development

緊隨….之後

In the wake of + n., + SVO緊隨….之後
Example: In the wake of China’s implementation of open door policy, Hong Kong transformed from an industrial economy to an international financial centre.

緊隨….之後

In the aftermath of + n., + SVO緊隨….之後
Example: In the immediate aftermath of the exposure of the scandal, several officials resigned.

在….的社會裏

In a society where + SVO, + SVO 在….的社會裏
Example: In a society where wealth is the yardstick 基石of success, many people work industriously in pursuit of gaining social recognition.

這是一個從原則與務實之間取捨的問題

It is a question of principle versus pragmatism 這是一個從原則與務實之間取捨的問題
Example: The argument on whether universal suffrage can be realized is in fact a question of principle versus pragmatism. If democrats want to improve their relations with the central government, they have to forswear their diehard approach and opt for a more moderate political reform.

這是令人醒覺的警告

This is a wake-up call of + n. 這是令人醒覺的警告
Example: This traffic accident killed three tourists and injured many. This is a wake-up call of the road safety in China.

使…變得更重要

 This makes it all the more important for + sbdy + to + v.使…變得更重要
Example: The outbreak of the Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome makes it all the more important for us to raise our awareness of hygiene.

我們永遠懷念

 Our thoughts are with + n. 我們永遠懷念
Example: Our thoughts are with those soldiers who sacrificed for our motherland during the Second World War.

這是悲劇性的諷刺

 It is a tragic irony 這是悲劇性的諷刺
Example: While Japan is reputable for its economic affluence and technological advancements, its suicide rate is the highest in the world. It is really a tragic irony.

與…大不相同

n. + is a far cry from + n. 與…大不相同
Example: The food in Britain is a far cry from the food in France.

這長期成為討論的話題

n. + has been long an issue of debate 這長期成為討論的話題
Example: The harmful consequences of pathological gambling have long been an issue of debate.

為了達到目的

With a view to + v.+ing, + SVO為了達到目的
Example: With a view to raising our competitiveness, we have to improve the education system.

無須多講

Needless to say, + SVO 無須多講
Example: Needless to say, Hkgolden is the most hilarious online forum in Hong Kong.

仍未決定 / 仍未找到答案

The jury is still out on whether + SVO仍未決定 / 仍未找到答案
Example: The jury is still out on whether government intervention is effective in cooling down the sizzling property market.

有明顯的跡象顯示

There are clearly signs that + SVO有明顯的跡象顯示

Example: There are clearly signs that the stock market in China is overheating.

可以從…獲取教訓

There are lessons to be drawn from + n.可以從…獲取教訓

Example: There are lessons to be drawn from the Cultural Revolution.

值得稱讚

Something/Someone is to be commended 值得稱讚

Example: George Bush and Tony Blair were to be commended for their determination to fight terrorism.

是及時的提醒

n. + serves as a timely reminder of + n.是及時的提醒
Example: The ferry disaster serves as a timely reminder of the navigation safety in China.

引起注意的提醒

n. + is a cautionary reminder + n.引起注意的提醒
Example: Widespread demonstrations in China are a cautionary reminder of the great income disparity between the rich and the poor.

沒有自滿的原因

There is no reason for complacency 沒有自滿的原因

Example: It must not be denied Hong Kong’s crime rate has been falling in recent years. Nevertheless, there is no reason for complacency. The police still have to make strenuous efforts to fight crimes.

非常荒謬

It is more than ridiculous to + v.非常荒謬

Example: It is more than ridiculous to legalize prostitution.

創傷/疤痕尚未痊癒

The wounds/scars have not healed 創傷/疤痕尚未痊癒

Example: The traumatic experiences in his childhood have left indelible scars on his psyche. The scars still have not healed.

徒勞無功的舉動

n+is an exercise of futility 徒勞無功的舉動

Example: Political and economic reforms in the Soviet Union were exercises of futility. The country eventually collapsed in 1991.

顯示出令人寒心的漠視

n + illustrates a chilling disregard for + n. 顯示出令人寒心的漠視

Example: The incompetence of the government in extirpating pollution illustrates its chilling disregard for the alarming problem.

In the foreseeable future (在可見的將來)

IELTS speaking 卷有時會被問到對某啲議題未來發展嘅睇法,此時就可以用呢個句式

而business / formal writing 就可以用 in due course (在不久的將來,多用於business email 等地方)

例如:

In the foreseeable future, petrol cars show no tendency of being replaced by electric cars.

I do believe (我相信)

呢句嘅意思同 “I believe” 一樣,中間加插嘅 “do” ,可以令人感覺更 “native” ,因不少外國人都會加入 “do” 嚟強調語氣。

例如:

I do believe that income taxes should be lowered.

bring into the limelight 帶到焦點之下

平時你只會講:

This problem has become the focus again.

其實9分作文 會寫:

bring into the limelight 帶到焦點之下

The death of George Floyd brought the racial discrimination problem back into the limelight.

extensive media coverage 廣泛報導

平時你只會講:

This news has made it to the front page of multiple news media.

其實9分作文 會寫:

extensive media coverage 廣泛報導

New Marvel movie releases always come with extensive media coverage.

concerted endeavour 共同努力

平時你只會講:

It is a result of our team effort.

其實9分作文 會寫:

concerted endeavour 共同努力

Group projects are the result of concerted endeavours.

Neither A nor B

大家都應該見過

意思話A同B都唔得

但係我地可以輕輕改改就會有一個新嘅句式

句子. + Nor does + sbdy + v. (不做亦不做)

Getting lost in the forest, he could not find any food, nor could he make an emergency call.

排比句

大家不妨試下將三個句式相同嘅句子擺埋一齊

最簡單可以係最普通嘅句子SVO

Due to the abuse of credit cards, teenagers will become slaves to luxurious products; teenagers will face a financial problem; teenagers will lose control of their wealth

看似好低B

但係好加強到個語氣!

如果想複雜啲都得:

With national education, our kids will be brainwashed; with national education, our kids will lose their critical thinking; with national education, our kids will fail to identify right from wrong.

大家不妨諗下自己篇文可以點放呢啲句子

當然,唔好係咪都用啦!

反問句

有陣時唔一定咁平舖直敘

講完A,再講B,再講C

其實我地可以反問下讀者!

但係點寫靚嘅反問句呢?

俾條公式你啦

 

Instead of + v.+ing, why don’t we…?

Instead of developing new areas ceaselessly, why don’t we make the most of the current region?

 

Instead of being a bookworm, why don’t you try other activities to find out your interest?

某人+ hold the belief that + SVO (有…的信念)

Example: Many students hold the belief that they can enhance their English results by attending tutorial classes without working hard.

將 believe (v.) 轉做 belief (n.)

某人+ put undue emphasis on + n. (強調

Example: Nowadays, smartphone companies put emphasis on fancy designs of their products.

將 emphasize (v.) 轉做 emphasis (n.

With the implementation of + n. + SVO (隨著…的 實行)

Example: With the implementation of the new policy,girls seem to perform better at schools.

 

將 implement (v.) 轉做 implementation (n.)

大家不妨試試在文章中加少少呢種嘅句式,令到文章更加豐富

Strike a balance between

中文解釋:取得平衡

你平時寫:

The government can balance dealing with drug abuse and protecting students’ privacy.

9分 狀元會寫:

The government can strike a balance between combating drug abuse and protecting students’ privacy.

Time is now ripe for action to

中文解釋:是時候要….

你平時寫:

It is time to take reduce carbon emissions and create a cleaner world.

9分 狀元會寫:

Time is now ripe for action to reduce carbon emission and create a cleaner world

Shed light on

中文解釋:反映出

你平時寫:

The recent TV News reports show the problem of dairy manufacturing in China.

9分 狀元會寫:

The recent TV news reports shed light on the problems of dairy manufacturing in China.

Things have taken a sharp turn in recent years

中文解釋:事情有很多轉變

你平時寫:

Long time ago, ICQ was popular. However, things have changed now. Only a few people use ICQ.

9分 狀元會寫:

In bygone days, engineering was a good undergraduate programme. Nonetheless, things have taken a sharp turn in recent years.

Takes something down the wrong path

中文解釋:把…帶入歧途

你平時寫:

Mao Zedong made China worse when he was the leader of the country.

9分 狀元會寫:

Incontrovertibly, Mao Zedong took China down the wrong path when he was at the helm of the country.

In comparison with + sth, another sth...

She had had no idea how ignorant she would find herself  in comparison  with her companions 

她不知道與同伴相比,自己會顯得多麼無知。

In contrast to + sth, 句子

In contrast with most politicians, he was invariably polite.

與大多數政治家相比,他總是彬彬有禮。

Relatively speaking, 句子

Relatively speaking,  learning English is not that difficult.

相對來說,學英語沒那麼難。

Hardly a day elapses without 名詞 沒有一天沒有

Example: Hardly a day elapses without sad news.

It is beyond all reasonable doubt that...

中文解釋:毫無疑問

例:Despite the costly costs associated with constructing the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, it is beyond all reasonable doubt that it will promote the economic expansion of our nation.

This is a wake-up call of...

中文解釋:這是令人醒覺的警告

例:In this car accident, three guests were killed and several more were injured. This is a wake-up call of traffic safety in China

It is only a small step forward towards...

中文解釋:這只是一小步

例:The government and the rebel forces have agreed to a cease-fire. However, it is only a small step forwards toward the post-war rehabilitation of the country.

...is called for (...)

中文解釋:被要求

例:Following the legislator’s vicious assault, thorough investigation was called for.

...is far from the case...

中文解釋:和事實相差很遠

例:Iraq was expected to prosper once Saddam Hussein was removed from power. Nevertheless, this is far from the case. Unfortunately, it is become a refuge for terrorism and Islamic fanaticism.

Of equal importance is 名詞

IELTS 作文卷的字數限制唔多,Task 1 要求達到150字,Task 2就要求達到250字。

同學仔最好用多啲連接詞,將文章嘅前文後理銜接起嚟

盡量令文章讀起嚟嗰時唔會太突兀,好似強行將單個句子放埋一齊咁樣。

例如啱啱表達完第一個idea,可以咁寫:

“Of equal importance is the chronic overpopulation in Kwun Tong’ traffic.”

Of equal importance is 名詞

同樣重要的是….

呢句句式非常萬用,好幫到大家!

取得平衡

你平時寫:

The government can balance dealing with drug abuse and protecting students’ privacy.

九分狀元會寫:

The government can strike a balance between combating drug abuse and protecting students’ privacy.

是時候要….

你平時寫:

It is time to take reduce carbon emissions and create a cleaner world.

九分狀元會寫:

Time is now ripe for action to reduce carbon emission and create a cleaner world

反映出

你平時寫:

The recent TV News reports show the problem of dairy manufacturing in China.

九分狀元會寫:

The recent TV news reports shed light on the problems of dairy manufacturing in China.

事情有很多轉變

你平時寫:

Long time ago, ICQ was popular. However, things have changed now. Only a few people use ICQ.

九分狀元會寫:

In bygone days, engineering was a good undergraduate programme. Nonetheless, things have taken a sharp turn in recent years.

接近….

平時你會寫:

With his team full of injuries, Lebron James nearly collapses physically.

9分狀元會寫:

With his team plagued by injuries, Lebron James is on the verge of physical collapse.

在球隊傷病纏身的情況下,勒布朗-詹姆斯已經處於身體崩潰的邊緣

接近….

平時你會寫:

With his team full of injuries, Lebron James nearly collapses physically.

9分狀元會寫:

With his team plagued by injuries, Lebron James is on the verge of physical collapse.

在球隊傷病纏身的情況下,勒布朗-詹姆斯已經處於身體崩潰的邊緣

惡性循環

平時你會寫:

Many students keep burning the midnight oil for assignments and get up late.

9分狀元會寫:

Many students are mired in a vicious circle of burning the midnight oil for assignments and getting up late

很多學生都陷入了熬夜作業和起晚的惡性循環

消除代溝

平時你會寫:

Communicating with heart can narrow the gap between parents and children

9分狀元會寫:

Genuine communication can bridge the generation gap between parents and children.

真誠的溝通可以彌合父母和孩子之間的代溝。

被比下去

平時你會寫:

For determination and persistence, most NBA players can’t compare with Michael Jordan

9分狀元會寫:

When it comes to determination and persistence, most NBA players pale in comparison with Michael Jordan.

說到決心和毅力,大多數NBA球員與米高佐敦相比顯得蒼白無力。

時常…. (倒裝句)

Often the people who complete degrees in these areas do not work in the fields in which they are trained

在這些領域獲得學位的人通常不在他們接受培訓的領域工作

公式:

Often s + v + o

With regard to…

呢個句式係解作至於/關於

當要用呢個句式既時候,就要留意regard唔會加s,加s會被視為錯誤㗎啦!

例句:

With regard to your suggestion I will consider it carefully.

The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

呢個句式係用作比較用

解作「最顯著的區別是A…,然而B…」,A通常時被比下去嘅一方。

例句:

The most striking difference is that the traditional hiring methods are clumsy, while data analysis has much higher efficiency.

It is of great benefit to us

呢個句式係用黎講好處既

it係你覺得會帶來好處既一個事物,比起用the benefit of xxx更好

例句:

Reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

A and B differ in …

呢個句式可以用作做比較

解作A和B在…方面不同,用作解釋之所以不同的原因

例句:

Chinese and English differ in the respect of grammar.

The reasons for this are as follows/ We have good reason to believe that…

呢個句式可以用作解釋原因

比起用The reason is…會好好多

例句:

The reasons for this are as follows. First, …. Second, …. Last but not least, ….

People have take / adopt/ assume/ different attitudes towards sth.

呢個句式可以用作表達看法

會先講出人地既睇法,之後再加上自己既意見

例句:

People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that…. However, ….

It can do harmful to us

呢個句式用作講出事件既壞處

比起用It is bad 更好

例句:

It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

It plays an important role in our life

呢個句式用黎表達一個事件十分重要

比起用It is important 更加好

例句:

Computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age

the difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

呢個句式係用黎做比較用既

解作「A和B的區別在於…」,比起用The different between A and B is…更好

例句:

The difference between domesticated animals and wild ones lies in whether or not possessing human quality.

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