【DSE】 DSE Reading 5大必學 答題技巧

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

DSE Reading 答題技巧

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觀點題

典型問題

  • What is the tone in paragraph 1?
  • The main idea expressed in paragraph 1 and 2 is that…
  • In paragraph 6, the author’s main point is …
  • The writer considers that…
  • What is the tone of the writer?
  • How does the writer feel about…?
  • The writer’s conclusion is that…
  • The writer wants you to feel…
  • What message is implied?
 
Past Paper例子:

例: How does Winston feel when he says, “Fine”? (2014)

附近的”geez”有Jesus的意思,因此答案是exasperated (憤怒)

 

例: According to paragraph 1, dystopia for young readers is … (2013Q46)

A. an imagined, perfect world

B. an unfamiliar, terrifying place

C. a world similar to their own (答案)

D. a world to be avoided

(剔除與文章不符的選項)

 

例: According to paragraph 1, what is China accused of? (PPQ51)

A. naked capitalism

B. destruction of the environment(片面)

C. putting the economy before the environment (全面)(答案)

D. hiding its environmental mess

(原文: China is often accused of all but destroying its environment in the name of economic growth)

 

答題技巧

析段落觀點的題目,可以先看段落的標題句和總結句,再看內文,要分清楚哪些是作者的觀點,哪些是其他人的觀點

分析整篇文章觀點的題目,可以跟從以下步驟:

    1. 閱讀標題
    2. 閱讀副標題
    3. 閱讀頭3段,要分清楚哪些是作者的觀點,哪些是其他人的觀點
    4. 閱讀最尾一段,這段通常會總結全文和表明作者的立場
    5. 閱讀每一段的標題句和總結句
  • 明白文字背後的深層意思,了解作者的觀點是正面環是負面
  • 留意重點動詞和形容詞 (見生字表)
  • 留意連接詞,明白句子與句子之間的因果關係(because, so)和轉折關係 (although, but, However, instead)
  • 認清句子是直述句、問句還是反問句
  • 留意It is important to、It is essential to等句式
  • 留意What we should do is…等句式

主旨/段旨題

標題句/總結句找答案。

如果整段都是example,看上一段的總結句。

段落中不斷重複的關鍵字與段旨有關。

First of all / Another …為Elaboration,不是段旨/主旨。

典型問題與Past Paper例子

題目

原文

答案

What is the main idea of paragraph 4?

(2012Q54)

Chua’s strict parenting guidelines…are familiar to many mainland Chinese families. (留意標題句)

Chinese people are familiar with strict parenting guidelines.

 

What is the main idea of paragraph 5?

(2012Q58)

Shanghai schoolkids outperformed all other contenders in reading, science, and math. Of the next three top performers, students in Hong Kong, Singapore, and South Korea, two are ethnic Chinese societies and the third is based on Confucian beliefs, prompting the New York Times’ Nicholas Kristof to declare Confucianism the hands-down winner. Participants in the American study scored No.15 in reading, No.23 in science, and No.31 in math.

A. Shanghai students scored the highest in the tests. (片面)

B.  American students did not do so well in the tests. (片面)

C.  Chinese students performed

better than Western students. (片面)

D.  Students from societies based on Confucian beliefs performed the best.

–           要選擇能概括整段意思的選項

–           段落中關鍵詞出現次數越多越有機會是答案

What is the main idea of paragraph 1? Zoos, aquariums and marine parks…

(PPQ1)

標題句:

Zoos, aquariums and marine parks have been widely and rightly recognized by the public and by governments for their long-standing contributions to marine education and protection of ocean wildlife and habitats.

總結句:

For all these people, zoos and aquariums are a resource for wildlife education, motivators for environmental stewardship and a place for family recreation.

A.         are funded by governments

B.         are well supported by the general public

C.         are attracting increasing numbers of visitors each year

D.        are centres of education, conservation and entertainment

(留意標題句和總結句)

對話填空題

典型問題

Complete their conversation with suitable words or expressions from the box below. Write the letters in the space provided.

答題技巧

  • 先了解配對選項的意思,利用重覆或意思相近的關鍵字,找出每個選項與文中的哪一段有關係。
  • 留意答案欄的前後兩句句子。
  • 留意配對選項與對話中的重複字眼。
  • 留意配對選項與對話中的代名詞或代替字眼。
  • 例如對話出現 “people”,配對選項出現,“them”,這個選項便可能是答案。
  • 例如對話出現 “fashion”,配對選項出現 “the industry”,這個選項便可能是答案。
  • 留意同意詞和相關字眼,例如 “career”和 “doctors”、”lawyers”等字相配。
  • 分析空格內要填的是單字、片語還是句子。
  • 留意橫線附近字詞的詞性,例如前面是名詞,便要有普通動詞、be (is/am/are/was/were)或情態動詞 (can/ should, etc.)
  • 橫線在”think”、”that”或另一句子的後面,就要填句子
  • 有時要了解作者的觀點是正面還是負面。

評論配對題

典型問題

  • Match each person with the correct speech bubble.
  • Below are some quotes on fame. Which one most closely matches the writer’s opinion?

答題技巧

  • 學生需要找出最能概括文章人物觀點的說話方塊。
  • 盡量找出文章和題目完全相同/同義/同類的字眼。
  • 越多重覆關鍵字,越有機會是答案。

人物/書名配對題

典型問題

  • Write the correct book title under each of the following plot descriptions.
  • Decide which person is likely to have said each one.
  • Decide whether each person is for (F) or against (A) …

答題技巧

  • 比較原文和題目,找出重覆或意思相近的關鍵字。
  • 比較原文和題目,找出相同詞語的變體。
  • mentally control的同義詞是mind-control,the only one的同義詞是no one else
  • societal harmony 的變體是harmonious social order,believe的變體是belief
  • For or against的題目,如果相關人物從事相關行業,並且有正面評價,就要填for,有負面評價就要填against

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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