【Grammar小教室】介詞輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

介詞小教室

介詞可分為:

What are prepositions?

Prepositions of place

Prepositions of movement

Prepositions of time

Difficult prepositions

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通介詞的所有知識!

什麼是介詞?

介詞是重要(但通常很短)的詞,通常放在名詞和代詞之前。
介詞有很多很多不同的用途。 例如,我們使用它們……
說說地方:

in the basement/ on stages at beach parties

談運動:

sailing across the Taiwan Strait

談時間:

in November 2012/ on 24 November 2012/ at 11 a.m.

在一些動詞、形容詞和名詞之後:

I was searching for a band that would be suitable for our cruises. My first impression of Supercharge was incredibly positive.

地點介詞

At/in/on

最常見的地點介詞是 at、in 和 on。 我們用 at 來談論……
地址:

at 22 Queen’s Road

BUT: in/on Queen’s Road

具體地點或建築物:

at a club/ at the mall

作為旅程階段或會面地點的地方:

They stop at ports in China.

我們用 in 來談論……

較大的地方,如地區(中央)、城市(悉尼)或國家(加拿大)

建築物、房間和容器(意思是裡面):

I’m in a beautiful church.

帶有某種邊界的開放空間:

We went camping in the forest.

I love swimming in the sea.

我們用 on 來談論……

在表面上的位置:

on the stage/ no the roof

大多數交通工具:

on a cruise ship/ on a bike

BUT: in a car / in a taxi

建築物的樓層(以及船舶和公共汽車的甲板等):

I live on the second floor.

其他地方介詞

There is a snack shop next to the pool.

Two boys are swimming under the water.

There are some deck chairs by/beside the pool.

There’s a pool near the stage.

The mixing desk is opposite the stage.

The drummer, Felix, is at the back of the stage, behind Nick.

The lead guitarist, Nick, is standing to the right of Jacky.

The bass guitarist, Sandy, is standing to the left of Jacky.

Jacky, the singer, is between the two guitarists.

There are two security guards among the audience.

The audience is in front of the stage.

There is a canopy above/over the stage.

The stage is below the canopy.

運動介詞

我們在 go、run、travel 和 walk 等動詞之後使用運動介詞來表示人和事物的去向。 以下是一些最常見的運動介詞……

across

We walked across the road.

along

I love walking along the busy streets of foreign cities.

down

William climbed down the ladder.

from

She ran all the way from the ferry pier.

into

I fell into the swimming pool.

off

Jacky fell off the stage.

onto

The players ran onto the pitch.

round/around

They walked round the ship.

through

Sandy looked through her sunglasses at the audience.

to

We’re sailing to Singapore next.

towards

The fans ran towards the stage.

up

She climbed up the mountain.

時間介詞

At/in/on

介詞 at、in 和 on 也用於談論時間。
我們在…
具有特定的時鐘時間:

at five o’clock/ at 7:45 p.m.

有假期:

at easter/ at Chinese new year

在這些表達中:

at night/ at breakfast/ at lunch/ at dinner

我們用 in 來談論更長的時間,例如……
一天中的部分時間:

in the morning/ in the afternoon

月:

in January

季節:

in spring/ in summer

年:

in 2004

幾十年、幾百年和幾千年:

in the 70s/ in the 21 century

我們使用…

具有特定日期和日期:

on Monday/ on 27 July/ on Christmas day

特定日期的部分時間:

on Wednesday afternoon

更多時間介詞

我們用 before 來談論較早的時間,用 after 來談論稍後的時間:

Before the concert Supercharge were very nervous, but after the show they felt great.

我們用 from 來談論開始時間:

The shop is open from 10 a.m.

我們使用 until/till/’til/to 來談論結束時間:

The shop is open from 10 a.m. until 9 p.m.

我們可以使用 between … 並以類似於 from … until 的方式使用。 但是,之間是指特定時間段內的時間,而不是開始和結束時間:

come any time between 6 p.m. and 7 p.m.

我們用 by 來談論最遲將或應該完成某事的時間:

I will be home by 11.

(= I will be home no later than 11.)

我們使用 during 來談論事件發生的整個時間:

Keep your mobile phone switched off during the film.

(= Switch off your phone when the film starts and leave it switched off until the film ends.)

困難的介詞

與形容詞一起使用的介詞

adjective

preposition

adjective

preposition

accustomed

to

interested

in

afraid

of

keen

on

angry

with

kind

to

aware

of

pleased

with

bad

at/for

prepared

for

bored

with

proud

of

fond

of

sorry

for/about

frightened

of

successful

in

good

at/for

tired

of

與動詞一起使用的介詞

verb

preposition

verb

preposition

ask

For/about

object

to

believe

in

participate

in

belong

to

refer

to

consist

of

rely

on

depend

on

search

for

dream

of

succeed

in

insist

on

wait

for

listen

to

wish

for

long

for

 

 

與名詞一起使用的介詞

noun

preposition

noun

preposition

belief

in

increase

in

congratulations

on

lack

of

details

of

problem

with

difficulty

with

proof

of

discussion

about

reason

of

example

of

responsibility

for

explanation

for

 

 

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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