【Grammar小教室】分詞輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

分詞小教室

分詞可分為:

Present participle phrases

Past participle phrases

Perfect participle phrases

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通分詞的所有知識!

Present participle phrases

我們可以使用分詞將較長的短語替換為主語。 現在分詞短語可用於:

鏈接兩個緊密相連的句子:

I struggled with my Cantonese, making a fool of myself in front of my relatives.

(= I struggled with my Cantonese. I made a fool of myself in front of my relatives.)

給出理由(用連接詞因為、因為和作為替換較長的短語):

Living in Hong Kong, I know how busy and exciting life in a city can be.

(= Because I live in Hong Kong …)

談論同時發生的兩個動作或事件(將短語替換為連接詞,如 while、as 和 when):

Walking down the street, I saw an interesting new shop.

(= As I was walking down the street …)

Past participle phrases

我們還可以使用過去分詞短語來代替因為、因為和作為。 我們用過去分詞和被動動詞來描述人們的感受和反應:

Excited by the film, he went back into the cinema to watch it again.

(= Since he was excited by the film, he …)

 

Bored with studying, Mary went for a walk.

(= As she was bored with studying, Mary …)

Perfect participle phrases

我們使用完美分詞短語來談論在另一個動作或事件之前發生的動作或事件:

Having locked all the doors, Sally finally went to bed.

(= After she had locked all the doors, Sally …)

完美分詞短語也常用於說明理由:

Having spent several years in Hanoi, Wendy knows the city very well.

(= Because she has spent several years in Hanoi, Wendy …)

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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