【Grammar小教室】未來式輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

未來式小教室

未來式可分為:

Using will to talk about the future(用will談未來)

be going to(要去)

Using the present tenses to talk about the future(用現在時態談論未來)

The future continuous tense(將來進行式)

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通未來式的所有知識!

Using will to talk about the future

我什麼時候應該用will來談論未來?

我們使用意志作為談論未來的中立和一般方式。 例如,我們可以使用 will …

談談我們認為未來會發生什麼:

Shaomei’s very excitable. She will (’ll) bark when she sees the other dogs.

談論在發言時做出的決定:

‘Can somebody take me home?’ Alex asked. ‘I’ll take you home,’ said Jane.

談論預定的事件:

The competition will take place at Mong Kok Sports Arena on 22 July.

我如何用will形成陳述?

我們用這樣的意志形成正面和負面的陳述:

Subject

will

bare infinitive

 

We

will (’ll)

wait

for you.

will not (won’t)

start

without you.

Ben

will

be

fine on the train.

She

will not (won’t)

be

nervous.

我如何用will提問和回答問題?

我們會用will這樣問問題……

(Question word)

will

subject

bare infinitive

 
 

Will

you

travel

by train?

 

Will

she

be

nervous?

Where

will

you

go

next?

我們會像這樣回答是/否問題……

Question

Positive answer

Negative answer

Will you travel by train?

Yes, we will.

No, we will not.

No, we won’t.

Will she be nervous?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

No, she won’t.

be going to

我應該什麼時候使用be going to?

我們使用 be (am/are/is) going to 來談論意圖,即在說話之前我們決定做的事情:

She’s going to enter two competitions this year.

我們也可以使用 be going to 進行預測,即根據我們現在所知道的,說出我們認為未來會發生的事情:

Phuket is such a wonderful place. You’re going to have a fabulous holiday!

我如何用 be going to 形成語句?

我們會形成積極和消極的陳述,並會喜歡這樣……

Subject

be

going to

bare infinitive

 

I

am (’m)

going to

enter

the competition.

am not (’m not)

going to

enter

it next year.

You / We / They

are (’re)

going to

cheer

for Stella.

are not (aren’t)

going to

cheer

for Shaomei.

He / She / It

is (’s)

going to

travel

by train.

is not (isn’t)

going to

travel

by bus.

我如何使用 be going to 提問和回答問題?

我們會這樣用be going to問問題……

(Question word)

be

subject

going to

bare infinitive

 

 

Are

you

going to

take

Helen with you?

 

Is

it

going to

rain

tomorrow?

What

is

she

going to

wear?

 

我們會回答這樣的是/否問題……

Question

Positive answer

Negative answer

Are you going to take Helen with you?

Yes, I am. /

Yes, we are.

No, I am not. /No, we are not.

No, I’m not. /No, wearen’t.

Is it going to rain?

Yes, it is.

No, it is not.

No, it isn’t.

No, it’s not.

Using the present tenses to talk about the future

我什麼時候應該用簡單的現在來談論未來?

我們可以使用簡單的現在時來談論時間表和時間表中的未來事件:

The dog show takes place on 14 July. It starts at 3 p.m. and finishes at 6.30 p.m.

The train departs from Hung Hom at 13.25, and it getsinto Guangzhou East at 15.15.

我什麼時候應該用現在進行時來談論未來?

我們可以用現在進行時來談論安排,即非常確定的未來計劃:

Lily and I are entering an agility competition in July.

Are you coming to dog training tonight?

Yes, I am.

No, I’m not.

將來進行時

什麼時候應該使用將來進行時?

我們使用將來進行時來談論將來一段時間內將發生的較長時間的動作或事件:

So your flight is at two in the morning? Please don’t call me before you leave—I’ll be sleeping.

I can’t come to the show. I’ll be working at that time.

我們可以使用將來進行時來談論將作為我們計劃或例行程序的一部分發生的動作和事件(甚至是短暫的事件):

The competition will be starting on Tuesday morning.

Will you be entering the competition this year?

我們還可以使用將來進行時來談論預期會發生的計劃外事件:

Dog lovers will be heading to Beijing in October as the second national dog show takes place on the 14th.

我如何在將來進行時形成陳述?

我們在將來的連續時態中形成積極和消極的陳述,就像這樣……

Subject

will be

present participle

 

I / You /

He / She / It /

We / They

will be (’ll be)

competing

this year.

will not be (won’t be)

competing

next year.

 

將來進行時如何提問和回答問題?

我們在將來的連續時態中問這樣的問題……

(Question word)

will

subject

be

present participle

 

 

Will

Stella

be

eating

lots of treats after the show?

 

Will

Ben’s mother

be

making

chocolate cake for his birthday?

When

will

she

be

returning

from the competitions?

我們會像這樣在未來的連續時態中回答是/否問題……

Question

Positive answer

Negative answer

Will Stella be eating lots of treats after the show?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

No, she won’t.

Will Ben’s mother be making chocolate cake for his birthday?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

No, she won’t.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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