【Grammar小教室】副詞輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

副詞小教室

副詞可分為:

Adverbs of manner(方式副詞)

Adverbs of time(時間副詞)

Adverbs of frequency(頻率副詞)

Adverbs of place/direction(地點/方向副詞)

Adverbs of degree(程度副詞)

Sentence adverbs(句子副詞)

Comparative and superlative adverbs(比較級副詞和最高級副詞)

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通副詞的所有知識!

方式副詞

什麼時候應該使用方式副詞?

我們使用方式副詞來描述動詞,即說某人如何做某事,或某事如何發生:

He walked quickly across the room.

He drove it dangerously.

如何形成方式副詞?

我們把形容詞變成這樣的方式副詞……

Most adjectives

+ ly

careful  carefully

polite  politely

soft  softly

Adjectives ending in -le

– e + y

gentle  gently

simple  simply

terrible  terribly

Adjectives ending in -y

– y + ily

busy  busily

happy  happily

noisy  noisily

Adjectives ending in -ic

+ ally

comic  comically

drastic  drastically

tragic  tragically

Irregular adjectives

make no changes

daily, early, fast, hard, high, late, loud, low

use a new word

good  well

 

方式副詞的位置

我們通常把方式副詞放在動詞後面:

She speaks well.

……或者在對象之後(如果有的話):

She speaks English well.

但是,如果賓語很長,我們可以把方式副詞放在動詞之前:

They quickly

raised the Christmas tree that fell over.

當我們使用動詞+介詞+賓語時,我們可以將方式副詞放在賓語之後:

She spoke to me softly.

……或在介詞之前:

She spoke softly to me.

當賓語很長時,我們通常更喜歡把副詞放在介詞之前:

wrong: The nurse spoke to the people who were waiting in the waiting room softly.

correct: The nurse spoke softly to the people who were waiting in the waiting room.

時間副詞

什麼時候應該使用時間副詞?

時間副詞告訴我們某人何時做某事或某事何時發生。 他們什麼時候回答問題? 和多長時間?

許多時間副詞是較長的短語(稱為副詞):

When did you go to the UK and how long did you stay?

I went last year and I stayed for a month.

常見的時間副詞

這些是一些最有用的時間副詞/副詞短語:

afterwards   ago   already    at once   before   early

finally   for a week/month (etc.)   immediately   just

last/next   late   lately   now   recently   shortly

since then/last year/Tuesday (etc.)   soon   still

then   today   tomorrow   until/till   yesterday   yet

時間副詞的位置

時間副詞通常出現在從句的開頭或結尾:

wrong: I went last year to the UK.

correct: Last year I went to the UK./ I went to the UK last year.

副詞已經,最終,最終,剛剛,現在,最近和很快也可以放在主要動詞之前:

I eventually went to the UK.

……或者在助動詞之後,如果有的話:

She will finally go to the UK.

對於帶有直到/直到的命令式和短語,我們總是將副詞放在末尾:

wrong: Tomorrow call me.

correct: Call me tomorrow.

頻率副詞

什麼時候應該使用頻率副詞?

頻率副詞告訴我們某人做某事的頻率,或某事發生的頻率。 他們回答問題的頻率如何? 和多少次?:

I eat congee every morning. 

Amy has a ballet lesson twice a week.

常見的頻率副詞

我們使用以下頻率副詞來回答how often?:

Frequency

Adverbs of frequency

Examples

100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


0%

always

I always get up at seven o’clock.

usually / generally / almost always / nearly always

Jill is usually late for school.

Jacky is almost always on time.

often / frequently / regularly

We often have pasta for dinner.

I frequently go shopping at the weekend.

sometimes / occasionally

Sam sometimes stays with his sister.

Kelly occasionally goes hiking.

rarely / seldom / almost never / hardly ever

My parents seldom go out at night.

Kevin is hardly ever ill.

never

You never ask me to play mahjong.

 

頻率副詞的位置

我們放置頻率副詞……
在動詞be之後:

I am always happy to see you.

在其他動詞之前:

We rarely disagree about anything, and we never fight.

在助動詞和主要動詞之間:

I will never leave Hong Kong.

許多頻率副詞也可以放在句子的開頭或結尾:

Sometimes, I eat breakfast on the bus. But I don’t do it often.

但是,我們通常不會將以下頻率副詞放在句子的開頭/結尾:

always    hardly ever    never    rarely    seldom

地點/方向副詞

什麼時候應該使用地點/方向副詞?

地點副詞和方向副詞告訴我們某事在哪裡發生,或者某人在哪裡做某事。

它們為我們提供有關位置(例如國外、這裡、那裡、任何地方)和方向(例如返回、離開、向下)的信息:

Where did you find your mobile phone?

I found my mobile at home. (place)

Where did you go after the exam?

I went home. (direction)

地點/方向的常用副詞

這些是一些最常見的地點和方向副詞:

above    abroad    anywhere/nowhere/somewhere

around    away    back    backwards/forwards    below

close    down     east/south/west/north    here/there

at home    in/out    indoors/outdoors    inside/outside

near    nearby    over    up    upstairs/downstairs

地點/方向副詞的位置

我們通常把地點/方向副詞放在動詞後面:

Did you go anywhere for Christmas?

Yes, I went abroad.

但是如果有賓語,我們把地點/方向副詞放在賓語後面:

I bought some souvenirs there. I brought the souvenirs home.

程度副詞

什麼時候應該使用程度副詞?

大多數程度副詞與其他副詞略有不同,因為它們不用於描述動詞。 相反,它們用於描述(也稱為“修飾”)形容詞:

The exam was difficult.  The exam was very difficult.

……和其他副詞:

She did well in the exam.  She did surprisingly well in the exam.

常用程度副詞

我們使用以下常見的程度副詞來修飾形容詞和其他副詞:

absolutely   completely   entirely   extremely   fairly

far   pretty   relatively   slightly   so   too   very

以下程度副詞也可以與某些動詞一起使用:

almost   barely   enough   hardly   just   (a) little

much   nearly   only   quite   rather   really    scarcely

程度副詞的位置

我們將程度副詞放在它們修飾的動詞、副詞或形容詞之前:

She really tired her best in the exam.

這條規則的唯一例外就enough了,它在動詞/形容詞/副詞之後:

They aren’t rich enough to buy a car.

句子副詞

什麼時候應該使用句子副詞?

我們使用句子副詞來修飾整個句子或從句,而不僅僅是單個單詞。 我們通常用句子副詞來表達某種觀點或感覺:

Fortunately, he arrived just in time. He was naturally quite relieved.

常用句副詞

這些是一些最常見的句子副詞:

actually   apparently   certainly   clearly   consequently

definitely   evidently   fortunately   frankly   honestly

hopefully   luckily   naturally   obviously   perhaps

possibly   presumably   probably   supposedly   surely

undoubtedly

句子副詞的位置

句子副詞通常放在句首,後跟逗號:

Obviously, she was disappointed when she lost.

我們也可以放置它們:

在句末,前面有逗號:

she was disappointed when she lost, evidently.

在動詞be之後:

she was undoubtedly disappointed when she lost.

在其他動詞之前:

she certainly dislikes losing.

在助動詞之後:

she will definitely be disappointed if she loses.

比較級副詞和最高級副詞

如何形成比較級副詞和最高級副詞?

我們形成比較級副詞和最高級副詞的方式幾乎與我們形成比較級和最高級形容詞的方式相同。

我們將 -er/-est 添加到單音節副詞和副詞early:

I worked harder this term than I did last term, and I started earlier every morning.

我們把 more/the most 放在更長的副詞前面:

she can play backgammon more skilfully than her sister.

我們也可以使用 less/the least 和 as … 與副詞一樣:

I play less skilfully than my sister. I don’t play as well as she does.

以下副詞不規則……

adverb

comparative

superlative

well

better

The best

badly

worse

The worst

much

more

The most

A lot

more

The most

Little

less

The least

far

Further/ farther

The furthest/ fathest

 

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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