【Grammar小教室】過去式輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

簡單過去式小教室

在學現在式時你會否有以下的疑問?

  • 什麼時候應該使用一般過去時?
  • 如何用be動詞構成陳述?
  • 我如何與其他動詞形成陳述?
  • 我如何拼寫規則的過去動詞?
  • 我如何用動詞 be 提問和回答是/否問題?
  • 我如何用其他動詞提問和回答是/否問題?

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通現在式的所有知識!

我們用一般過去式來談論……

開始和結束在過去的動作

Yesterday, Jennie saved her vase from breaking.

過去同時發生的兩個動作或事件

我們使用簡單過去式 + 簡單過去式來表明這兩個動作都很短:

The moment she saw her son, she stopped crying.

我們使用過去連續式 + 簡單過去式來表明其中一個動作比另一個動作長:

As he was walking by the dam, he saw water seeping through a small hole.

過去重複的動作

He walked to home every day. Sometimes, he took a shortcut.

如何用be動詞構成陳述?

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用 verb to be 構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb to be

 

I

He/ She/ It

Was

Was not/ wasn’t

Happy.

Late.

Right.

You

We

They

Were

Were not/ weren’t

我如何與其他動詞形成陳述?

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb

 

I

You

We

They

He / She / It

passed

did not / didn’t pass

the test.

我如何拼寫規則的過去動詞?

對於規則動詞,我們將 -ed 添加到動詞以形成簡單過去時
對於其他動詞,我們以不同的方式改變結尾

規則動詞:

Verbs

We should…

Examples

Most verbs

+ ed

walk  walked      

work  worked

Verbs ending in –e

+ d

hate  hate

like  liked

Verbs ending in –y

– y + ied

carry  carried      

cry  cried

Some verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant

double the

consonant + ed

plan  planned     

stop  stopped

不規則動詞:

We can…

Examples

keep the word as it is

beat  beat

hit  hit

put  put

cost  cost

hurt  hurt

read  read

cut  cut

let  let

shut  shut

change the vowel(s)

become became

drink  drank

know  knew

sing  sang

throw  threw

come  came

fall  fell

meet  met

sit  sat

win  won

choose  chose

give  gave

run  ran

swim  swam

write  wrote

change the final consonant

bend  bent

make  made

build  built

send  sent

lend  lent

spend  spent

change the word

break  broke

catch  caught

have  had

see  saw

take  took

bring  brought

do  did

find  found

leave  left

speak  spoke

buy  bought

eat  ate

go  went

say  said

think  thought

我如何提問和回答是/否問題?

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用 verb to be 構成是/否問題:

Was

I

he / she / it

happy?

late?

right?

Were

you

we

they

Yes,

I

he / she / it

was.

you

we

they

were.

No,

I

he / she / it

was not / wasn’t.

you

we

they

were not / weren’t.

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成是/否問題:

Did

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

do the right thing?

help them?

pass the test?

Yes,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did.

No,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did not / didn’t.

在簡單過去式,我們可以這樣用used to構成回答:

Did

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

use to

eat a lot?

go to bed early?

look healthy?

Yes,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did.

No,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did not / didn’t.

過去進行式小教室​

在學現在進行式時你會否有以下的疑問?

  • 什麼時候應該使用過去進行時?
  • 我如何形成正面和負面的陳述?
  • 我如何提問和回答是/否問題?

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通現在進行式的所有知識!

我們用過去進行式來談論……​

過去某個特定時間發生的動作

His mother was sobbing when he arrived home.

被另一個動作/事件打斷的較長動作

The boy was walking by the dam when suddenly he saw water seeping through a small hole.

兩個較長的動作/事件在過去持續了一段時間

While he was waiting, the sky was getting darker.

我如何形成正面和負面的陳述?

在過去進行式,我們可以這樣用動詞構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb to be

-ing form of verb

I

He / She / It

was

was not / wasn’t

enjoying

listening

looking

the food.

to the music.

at Mrs Lam.

You

We

They

were

were not / weren’t

我如何提問和回答是/否問題?​

在過去進行式,我們可以這樣用動詞構成是/否問題:

Was

I

he / she / it

enjoying the food?

looking at Mrs Lam?

snoring very loudly?

Were

you

we

they

Yes,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did.

No,

I

you

we

they

he / she / it

did not / didn’t.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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