【Grammar小教室】現在式輕鬆學

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

現在式小教室

在學現在式時你會否有以下的疑問?

  • 什麼時候應該使用一般現在式?
  • 如何用be動詞構成陳述?
  • 我如何與其他動詞形成陳述?
  • 第三人稱單數動詞怎麼拼寫?
  • 我如何提問和回答是/否問題?
  • 如何用其他動詞提問和回答問題?

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通現在式的所有知識!

我們用一般現在式來談論……

事實和陳述:

Serina and John are famous.

At 0°C, water freezes.

My favorite comic book is Spider-Man.

習慣(我們經常做的事情):

I go to school every day.
I always eat spaghetti and drink milk.

想法、感受和意見:

He loves my coat.

This salad tastes delicious.

You look great!

如何用be動詞構成陳述?

在一般現在式,我們可以這樣用verb to be 構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb to be

I

am / ’m

am not / ’m not

fifteen.

in the living room.

very loyal.

You

We

They

are / ’re

are not / aren’t

He / She / It

is / ’s

is not / isn’t

我如何與其他動詞形成陳述?

在一般現在式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb

 

I

You

We

They

like

do not / don’t like

this music.

running.

spicy food.

He / She / It

likes

does not / doesn’t like

第三人稱單數動詞怎麼拼寫?

對於大多數動詞,我們使用第三人稱單數(即 he / she / it)時會將 -s 添加到動詞
對於其他動詞,我們會以不同的方式改變結尾

Verbs

We should…

Examples

Most verbs

+ s

buy  buys    

hate  hates

Verbs ending in a consonant + -y

– y + ies

carry  carries  

hurry  hurries

Verbs ending in

-ss, -x, -sh, -ch, -o

+ es

miss  misses  

fix  fixes

push  pushes   

catch  catches

do  does

我如何提問和回答是/否問題?

在一般現在式,我們可以這樣用 verb to be 構成是/否問題:

Am

I

fifteen?

in the living room?

very loyal?

Are

You

We

They

Is

He/ she/ it

Yes,

I

am.

You

We

They

are.

He/ she/ it

is.

No,

I

am not /

’m not.

You

We

They

are not / aren’t.

He/ she/ it

is not / isn’t.

在一般現在式,我們可以這樣用其他動詞構成是/否問題:

Do

I

you

we

they

like this music?

run every day?

eat spicy food?

Does

he / she / it

Yes,

I

You

We

They

do.

He/ she/ it

does.

 

No,

I

You

We

They

do not/ don’t.

He/ she/ it

does not/ doesn’t.

現在進行式小教室

在學現在進行式時你會否有以下的疑問?

  • 什麼時候應該使用現在進行時?
  • 我如何用現在進行時形成陳述?
  • 我如何拼寫現在分詞(-ing 形式)?
  • 我如何提問和回答是/否問題?

今天 Spencer Sir 會教你精通現在進行式的所有知識!

我們用一般現在進行式來談論……

目前正在發生的行動:

I’m sitting here with Mary.

I’m eating potato chips.

現在正在發生的行動,但可能不是當刻:

I’m recording a CD together with Peter.

I’m learning so much from working with Miss. Chan.

發展和變化的情況:

It’s getting hot.

She’s becoming excited.

未來安排(計劃活動):

We’re leaving Japan next Monday.

我們可以在圖片和照片中看到的動作:

In this photo, Doris is wearing a beautiful blue dress from a French designer.

我如何用現在進行式形成陳述?

在現在進行式,我們可以這樣用動詞構成肯定和否定陳述句:

Subject

Verb to be

-ing form of the verb

I

am / ’m

am not / ’m not

doing

taking

waiting

a lot right now.

a break.

for Kevin.

You

We

They

are / ’re

are not / aren’t

He / She / It

is / ’s

is not / isn’t

我如何拼寫現在分詞(-ing 形式)?

當我們形成現在分詞時,我們會做以下改變:

Verbs

We should…

Examples

Most verbs

+ ing

beat  beating

look  looking

see  seeing

Short verbs ending in a vowel

(a, e, i, o, u) + a consonant (except w)

double the

consonant + ing

chat  chatting

run  running

swim  swimming

Verbs ending in -e

– e + ing

have  having

make  making

write  writing

Verbs ending in -ie

– ie + y + ing

die  dying

lie  lying

tie  tying

我如何提問和回答是/否問題?

在現在進行式,我們可以這樣用動詞構成是/否問題:

Am

I

getting better?

leaving today?

watching cartoons?

Are

You

We

They

Is

He/ she/ it

Yes,

I

am.

You

We

They

are.

He/ she/ it

is.

 

No,

I

am not /

’m not.

You

We

They

are not / aren’t.

He/ she/ it

is not / isn’t.

現在進行式不使用的動詞

在現在進行時,很少使用一些動詞。
因為它們代表狀態(例如感覺、意見或情況)而不是動作,所以這些動詞被稱為靜態動詞。

Verb

Example

Verb

Example

agree

I agree with Tom’s suggestion.

love

My parents love me very much.

appear

My watch appears to be broken.

need

We need some more fruit.

be

Stella is still at school.

realise

Does he realise who you are?

believe

We don’t believe your excuse.

seem

That shop seems expensive.

belong

Do these shoes belong to you?

sound

Their music sounds great.

cost

These shirts cost too much.

suppose

I suppose you’re right.

hate

I really hate crowded buses.

understand

Does Dan understand French?

know

Does anyone know the answer?

want

Miss Lo wants me to do well.

like

Brenda doesn’t like milk tea.

wish

Eric, they wish to see you.

現在進行式具有不同含義的動詞

當用於一般現在式和現在進行式,幾個動詞會具有不同的含義。
動詞用於簡單現在式描述一種狀態。
當用於現在進行式,它們描述一個動作。

Verb

Simple present (meaning

and example)

Present continuous (meaning

and example)

have

possess, own

We only have $10 each.

enjoy, experience

We’re having a good time.

look

have a certain appearance

Mandy looks happy today.

use your eyes

Why are you looking at me like that?

see

use your eyes

I see Joan over there.

meet

I’m seeing my boyfriend tonight.

smell

have a certain smell

This soup smells good.

put your nose near something

Sue is smelling the flowers.

taste

have a certain taste

These noodles taste delicious.

put something in your mouth

The cook is tasting the soup.

think

have an opinion

I think John is funny.

plan, consider

I’m thinking of buying an iPhone.

weigh

have a certain weight

My bag weighs at least ten kilograms.

find out how heavy something is

The shopkeeper is weighing the apples.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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