【IELTS】 IELTS 常犯錯 30個逐一細數!

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

30個 IELTS 常犯錯

覺得 IELTS 好恐怖而又唔知點樣攞到7分?好驚考跌入 IELTS 常犯錯 嘅陷阱?想知道多啲 IELTS 最多人有嘅 常犯錯 嚟避免無謂嘅失分?

以下我哋會細數30個考IELTS最多人中嘅 常犯錯 ,正所謂 “Keep your friends close, and keep your enemies closer.”  快啲嚟學識點樣避免以下嘅 常犯錯 , IELTS 考到7分話咁易!

常犯錯 1. The

我們會使用the於:

  • 國家或地方的名稱指的是一組島嶼或國家:the United States, the Middle East, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom
  • 最高級修飾詞:the best, the longest, the highest
  • 帶有基數:the first, the second, the third
  • 當世界上只有一個:the environment, the internet, the sun
  • 指這個特定領域中的唯一一個:the government, the police, the river
  • 在短語(phrase)中:the same as

我們不會用於:

  • 同一個國家或地區:America, England, China
  • 廣泛地形容某事。 如果我們談論的是一般事物,我們使用眾數(plural); 我們用the來確定一個具體的例子。以下是對比例子:
    • People with reading difficulties often have problems with numbers

    • The number eight is considered lucky in some countries.

常犯錯 2. 單數及眾數 (Singular and Plural)

如果使用眾數名詞(plural noun),必須使用眾數動詞(plural verb),單數如是。 動詞必須與名詞一致。

  • 例子:
  • In my country there are very few cars that use leaded petrol. (plural verb + plural noun)
  • I like studying during the day but my friend prefers studying at night. (singular noun + singular verb)

我們使用眾數名詞於:

  • 眾數動詞(are、were、have、do、play 等):There are a lot of books on the table.
  • 大於一的數字:30 cars, 100 students
  • 很多:The number of buses on our roads has increased each year.
  • The number of :The number of buses on our roads has increased each year.
    • 注意,我們在the number of…之後會使用單數動詞

我們使用單數名詞於:

  • 單數動詞(is、was、has、does、plays 等):There is only one bedroom in the flat.
  • a/an 或 one:a car, one student
    • 注意,有些名詞可以看起來是眾數形式,但卻是單數形式(news, mathematics),有些名詞的眾數(children, men, women, people)有不同的形式。

常犯錯 3. 不可數名詞 (Uncountable Nouns)

英語中的一些名詞是“不可數的”。 這意味著它們沒有眾數形式。

一些常見的不可數名詞有:

【advice, advertising, food, furniture, garbage, information, knowledge, money, shopping, time, traffic, travel】

對於不可數名詞您必須使用:

  • 單數形式:food, information, money
  • A little / amount of / much / some:“How much money do you have?”,  “The amount of traffic on the roads is increasing each year.”
  • 單數動詞:There was already a little furniture in the flat.

如果名詞不可數則不能使用

  • 眾數形式:advices, furnitures, garbages, informations, knowledges
  • A/An: an advice, a garbage, a knowledge
  • A few / Many / Number of: a few shopping, many traffic, the number of knowledge
  • 數字: three travels, four furniture
  • 眾數動詞: There were a little furniture in the flat.

常犯錯 4. 簡單現在式 (Present Simple Tense)

簡單現在式使用於:

  • 對環境作出廣泛性陳述:The earth moves around the sun.
  • 顯示模式或事實:People work in order to meet their basic needs.
  • 帶頻率副詞:People who are too lazy to walk often use their cars instead
  • 使用一些詞句(如 nowadays, these days, today(一般意義下)):Many students today do their research via computer rather than through books.
  • 對表達意見或感受的動詞(如 believe, think, hope):I think that we should all do as much as we can to improve our environment.
  • 我們用動詞的基本形式構成簡單現在式。 我們加 s 或 es 組成第三人稱單數,例如:

I play

I watch

you play

you watch

he/she/it plays

he/she/it watches

we play

we watch

you play

you watch

they play

they watch

常犯錯 5. 多位數

當我們用多位數時,我們不會在多位數上添加 s:

200,000 = two hundred thousand (不是 two hundred thousands)

10,000,000 = ten million (不是 ten millions)

後面的名詞一定是眾數:

There must have been at least three thousand students at the protest.

我們使用多位數 + of 的眾數形式來表達大致數量:

There must have been thousands of students at the protest.

我們可以用 “a” 代替 “one”。”One”更正式:

If I won a million dollars, I would probably take a year off and travel around the world.

The president promised to increase the health budget by one million dollars.

對於不能用一兩個字表達的數字,我們通常直接使用數字:

More than two million people attended last year. But: 2,001,967 people attended last year.

應用單詞表達分數:

【half a (million); a/one third of a (million); three quarters of a (million); one and a quarter (million); one and three quarter (million)】

According to the chart, in 2004 over half a million Ukrainians went to the cinema.

常犯錯 6. There is與There are

我們用There表達某東西存在。 There is 用於單數主語,而 there are 用於眾數主語:

There is an oak tree in my garden. (而不是 “It is an oak tree” 或 “There have an oak tree”)

There are some great movies on at the cinema. (而不是 “They are some great movies”)

我們使用 there is 和 there are 來提供新信息。 我們用 it is 或 they are 來談論已經提到過的東西,以下是對比例子:

There is a present for you on the table. (第一次提及)

Mary: What is that you’re carrying?

John: It’s a present for my sister. (it = John帶著的東西)

我們不會使用助動詞 “do”來構成 there is 和 there are 的疑問句和否定句:

Are there any clean glasses in the cupboard?

There isn’t a map in the car.

There不能被省略:

There is a pan of soup and there are some bowls in the kitchen. (而不是 There is a pan of soup and are some bowls in the kitchen.)

常犯錯 7. 關係代詞與從句(Relative Pronoun and Clause)

關係代詞(that、who 等)用於連接兩個單獨的從句 (clause):

從句1

關係代詞

從句2

There are several factors

that

are important in achieving happiness.

  • 用”that”指那事物或那人:The chart that is on page 10 shows …
  • 用”who”指代那人:The number of women who were enrolled …
  • 用”what”指代那件事或那件事:The government should show us what must be done. (= the thing(s) that must be done)
    • 注意,每次只能使用一個關係代詞 (所以不是 The government must show us that what needs to be done.).

如果關係代詞指的是動詞的賓語,則可以省略,但如果它指的是動詞的主語,則不能省略,以下是對比例子:

The students that I teach all come from overseas countries.

student 是動詞teach的賓語,所以關係代詞 “that” 可以省略,所以是:

The students I teach all come from …

 

The students who are studying EAP should see me today.

Student是動詞studying的主語,所以不能省略關係代詞”who”, 所以不是

The students are studying EAP should see me today.

常犯錯 8. And,but 與 or

我們會使用“and”來連接兩個相似的想法:

Would you like some tea and biscuits? (= 你可以同時擁有它們)

我們使用“but”來表示兩種不同想法之間的對比:

I have tea but I don’t have any coffee, I’m afraid. (I have tea = positive, I don’t have any coffee = negative)

我們用“或”來表示選擇:

Would you like some tea or coffee? (= 你只能選擇其中之一)

注意:如果主語和動詞相同,我們會使用“或”來連接兩個否定的想法:

I don’t have tea or coffee. (而不是 I don’t have tea and coffee.)

在“if”或“whether”之後,我們可以用“or not”來表示兩個可能想法:

We decided to go whether it was raining or not. (= whether it rained or whether it didn’t rain)

 

 

常犯錯 9. 助動詞(Auxiliary Verb)

“Do”、“be”和“have”被稱為助動詞 (auxiliary verb)。 這意味著它們有助於改變主要動詞。

  • “Do”

與不定式連用,表示否定或疑問:

I don’t agree. (而不是I am not agree.)

Do you agree? (而不是Are you agree?)

  • “Be”

與“-ing”動詞形式一起使用以構成進行式 (continuous tense):

I am studying English in Cambridge. (而非 I studying English)

也可與過去分詞連用,構成被動式 (passive)

  • “Have”

與動詞的過去分詞 (past participle ) 一起構成完成式 (perfect tenses):

I have been here for three months. (而非 I am been here or I been here)

 

助動詞必須與動詞主語一致:

Does your mother drink tea? (而非 Do your mother drink tea?)

如果使用另一個助動詞,我們會在沒有“do”的情況下提出疑問句和否定句:

Are you studying here? (而非 “Do you are studying here?” 以取代助動詞 “be”)

常犯錯 10. 情態助動詞 (Modal Verb)

以下情態助動詞 (modal auxiliary verb)後只能跟隨使用不帶“to”的不定式(infinitives without “to”)

【can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would】

When travelling, we should respect the customs of the countries we visit. (而非 should to或 should respecting)

情態動詞可在不使用“do”的情況下形成疑問句和否定句:

Can I help you? (而不是 Do I can help you?)

Will you meet me when I arrive? (而不是 Do you will meet me)

You mustn’t worry about me. (而不是 You do not must worry about me.)

當使用“have”或“need”表達義務或必要性時,我們使用“to + 不定式”:

I have to finish my assignment this weekend.

I need to talk to you.

在疑問句和否定句中,“have to”和“need to”與普通動詞一樣,並配以使用“do”:

Do you have to pay extra for breakfast? (而不是have you to pay)

They said I don’t need to bring my own sleeping bag. (而不是 I needn’t to bring)

常犯錯11. “-ing”與“to + 不定式” (to + infinitives)

  • “to + 不定式”

在以下動詞後需使用“to + 不定式”:

【ask, afford, decide, deserve, help, hope, learn, offer, prepare, promise, refuse, seem, want, would like】

Summer seems to arrive later and later these days.

Nowadays most people would like to have more money.

“Learn how” 後面也需使用“to + 不定式”:

I want to learn how to drive before I go to university.

  • “-ing”

在以下動詞之後,我們使用“-ing”:

【avoid, carry on, consider, deny, enjoy, finish, give up, imagine, involve, keep, like, mind, practise, recommend, resist, suggest】

I really enjoy watching movies at the cinema. (而非 enjoy to watch)

“Look forward to” 後面也需使用“-ing”:

I look forward to hearing your reply. (而非 I look forward to hear your reply)

在“spend money”和“spend time”之後也需使用“-ing”:

We spent a lot of money buying CDs last month. We spent $200 buying CDs last month.

She spent a lot of time looking for information on the internet. She spent over three hours looking for information on the internet.

  • 注意,“like”後面可使用“-ing”或“to + 不定式”。

常犯錯12. 形容詞和介詞 (Preposition)後的動詞

對於“feel + adjective”,需使用“-ing 形式”動詞:

New students do not always feel comfortable speaking English to other people.

“Be +形容詞”、“Too +形容詞”和“形容詞+enough”之後,需使用“to +不定式”:

I was happy to see her when she arrived. (而非 I was happy seeing her)

The lecture was easy enough to understand. (而非 enough easy or easy understanding)

所有介詞(about、by、from、for、in、of、without 等)之後,需使用“-ing 形式”的動詞;而不能使用從句(主語+動詞):

They celebrated their anniversary by organising a big party.

Thank you for helping me so much with my studies.

He opened the door without thinking about what would happen next. (而非 without he thought)

注意, “despite”, “in spite of”及“instead of”亦屬於介詞:

He did not get the job despite getting excellent grades. (而非 despite he got)

She went to the library instead of going straight home after school. (而非 instead of she went)

如果後面的動詞是否定的,則需使用“not + -ing”:

He got a job despite not getting good grades.

常犯錯13. Allow, advise, make, suggest

一些動詞如果沒有賓語,需跟 -ing,如果有直接賓語,則跟“ to + 不定式”(advise、allow、forbid、permit 等):

The teacher allowed talking as long as it was in English. (而非 direct object)

The teacher allowed us to talk as long as it was in English. (“us” is the direct object)

“Make”後需用“不帶to的不定式”

My boss made me wear a horrible uniform. (而非 made me to wear)

注意,直接賓語必須位於動詞和不定式之間:

She allowed her dog to sit in the front of her car. (not She allowed to sit her dog)

在被動式中,以下這些動詞後需用“ to + 不定式”:

[be advised, be allowed, be forbidden, be made, be permitted]

I was advised to contact my travel agent as soon as the plane landed.

Mary was made to swallow a large dose of medicine by the nurse.

“Suggest”後需用-ing,而不需要直接賓語:

John suggested going to a movie.

如果有直接賓語,可以使用“不帶 to 的不定式”或“that”從句:

John suggested we go to a movie.

或…

John suggested that we go to a movie.

常犯錯14. Stop, try, forget 和 remember

部分動詞在後配“ -ing” 或 “to + 不定式” 時有不同的含義。

  • “Stop”

“Stop + -ing” = 停止一項活動。

“Stop + to +不定式”=停止前面提到的活動以做其他事情。

以下是對比例子:

The boys stopped playing.

The boys were playing and they stopped to watch a large truck go past. (= 他們停止演奏來觀看卡車駛過)

  • “Try”

“Try + -ing” = 嘗試通過做某事來解決問題。

“Try + to + 不定式” = 嘗試做某事但失敗了。

以下是對比例子:

I tried turning the tap but the water still poured out. (= 我設法轉動水龍頭)

I tried to turn the tap but it was too old and rusty. (= 我無法轉動水龍頭)

  • “Forget 及 remember”

“Forget 或 remember + -ing” = 關於過去的特殊/重要時刻。

“Forget 或 remember + to +不定式” =關於將來必須做的事情。

以下是對比例子:

I remember seeing a bull running down the High Street. (這件事發生在過去)

I must remember to watch the news tonight. (首先我須記住,然後我才做到)

常犯錯15. 形容詞和名詞後的介詞

部分形容詞後面總是跟一個特定的介詞 (preposition)

  • “At”

例:bad at, good at, surprised at

I was surprised at the number of people who came.

  • “About and with”

例:angry about, pleased about (用於形容事物)

I am pleased about your new job.

例:angry with, pleased with(用於形容人物)

I was really angry with John.

“Disappointed”後需使用“about” 或 “with”;“Worried”後則只能使用“about”:

She was pretty disappointed with / about her exam results.

I am worried about John. They are worried about the test.

 

部分名詞後面總是跟一個特定的介詞。

  • “In”

例:decrease in, drop in, fall in, increase in, rise in:

There was an increase in attendance at this month’s meeting.

  • “Between”

表達對比兩件事,需使用“the difference between them”:

The main difference between the American and the Canadian accent is in the vowels.

  • “Of”

例:advantage of, disadvantage of, example of, number of, percentage of, use of

The number of people in my class who smoke is incredible.

常犯錯16. 動詞後的介詞

部分動詞後面必須跟一個特定的介詞。 有時可以使用多於一個介詞,有時根據使用哪個介詞,含義會有所不同:

  • “Agree”

Agree with用於同意人或想法:

I totally agree with the government’s decision.

Agree to用於同意某事:

Both sides in the war have agreed to the ceasefire.

  • “Apologize”

Apologise to用於向某人道歉

apologise for用於為某事道歉

Mum made me go and apologise to our neighbours for breaking their window.

  • “Find out, know, learn, teach, think”

以上動詞後都可以配搭about:

Our teacher is trying to teach us about life in the olden days.

“Think”後亦可以配搭 “about” 或 “of” 表達意見或未來計劃:

What do you think about / of the new computer lab? (意見)

I’m thinking about / of going back to university next year to finish my degree. (未來計劃)

  • “Look”

當表達注視某物時,需使用“look at”,而當表達尋找某物時,則使用“look for”:

Oh, look at the sunset! Isn’t it beautiful?

I’ve looked for my homework everywhere. Have you seen it?

常犯錯17. 時間和地點的介詞

我們用“in”表示年、月或一天的一部分,但“on”表示日或日期:

I came to Australia in 1988. We landed on 1st October, in the afternoon.

我們使用“at”來表示時間以及週末和晚上:

Let’s meet at the weekend. Are you free on Sunday at 8:00?

“For”可用作表示時間的長短:

I have lived in Australia for 18years.

“In”可配搭城市、國家和地方一起使用,表示某事發生在哪裡:

I met my husband in London.

我們亦可使用“in”配搭書、報紙、雜誌、期刊、電影或電視節目來表示在哪裡閱讀或看到某物:

I read some interesting new research in this month’s medical journal.

我們亦可使用“at”配搭學校、學院、大學、工作和家庭中來指代建築物:

‘Where is dad?’ ‘He’s at work.’

Shall we meet at the cinema? (= meet outside the building)

我們使用“to”配搭地方來顯示目的地:

‘Where are you going?’ ‘I’m just going to the library to do some work.’

常犯錯18. Of

介詞“of”可用於一些常見詞句:

【cost of living, letter of apology/complaint, period of time, quality of life, standard of living】

My father is always complaining about the high cost of living nowadays.

“of”也可配搭一些名詞:

【government, group, importance, lack, leader, type】

People often underestimate the importance of friends and family.

“of”配搭一些詞以表達數量:

【amount, number, a lot, lots, plenty】

The government is hoping to persuade a large number of people to walk to work.

“of”亦可配搭其他介詞:

【in front of, instead of】

I decided to take the bus instead of the train.

如後面配有名詞或動名詞時,亦可配搭“because”和“as a result”:

My cousin couldn’t swim with us because of his bad leg. (而非 because his bad leg)

Our football team was demoted as a result of the weather being bad. (而非 as a result of the weather is bad)

常犯錯19. 動詞的被動式

被動式由動詞“to be”+動詞的過去分詞 (Past Participle)構成:

Nowadays, a great deal of money is spent on advertising.

動詞 “to be” 應改為正確的時態:

時態 (Tense)

被動式 (Passive)

present simple

is spent

present continuous

is being spent

simple past

was spent

past continuous

was being spent

present perfect

has been spent

past perfect

had been spent

我們可以在動詞“to be”和過去分詞之間加上“not”表達否定:

We were not told that the rules had changed.

被動式也可以用於不定式:

Children need to be taught the correct way to behave in public.

在情態動詞之後,我們使用被動“不帶to的不定式”:

Some adults believe that children should be seen and not heard.

You will be paid on the last Friday of each month.

常犯錯20. 被動式

對於主動動詞,我們通常使用以下順序:主語+動詞+賓語 (subject + verb + object)

當想將動詞的賓語放在首位時,我們使用被動式:賓語+動詞 (object + verb)

The teacher told the students to close their books. = 主動式 (主語+動詞+賓語)

The students were told to close their books. = 被動式 (賓語+動詞)

被動式可用於:

  • 當我們想讓賓語成為句子的焦點時:

The books were sold for a small profit at the school. (重點是書,而不是賣書的人)

    • 注意,動詞 (were) 與賓語 (the books) 需一致。

當上文下理告訴我們誰執行了該動作時:

A law was introduced to help protect people in this situation. (我們知道政府做了這件事)

當動作的執行者並不重要時:

In the factory, the shoes are cleaned and packed into boxes ready for sale. (我們不需要知道是誰做的)

亦可以透過添加 by + the person/group 來包含“subject”:

A lot of waste materials could be recycled by large manufacturers.

常犯錯21. 語境 (register)

“語境”意味著在正確的上文下理中使用正確的詞。 對於正式論文寫作,您必須使用正式的語境。 這意味著你不應該使用非正式的語言。

不應該使用:

  • 非正式詞彙,如kids, ok, bucks, heaps等。應該改用更加正式的替代詞,如children, all right or acceptable, money, many or a great deal等。
  • 用符號代替文字,如%, $, &, @等。應該完整地寫下詞的全名,如percent, money, and, at等。請注意,% 和 $ 只能與數字一起使用。對於較小的金額,我們寫 50 美元(不是 50 美元)和 75%(不是 75%)。Percent的名詞形式是Percentage。
  • 縮寫,如m, yrs, kgs, no.等,你應該完整地寫下詞的全名,如million, years, kilos/kilograms, number等。
  • 全部大寫字母,如NOWADAYS PEOPLE THINK THAT… ,僅在適當時才應使用大寫字母,如Nowadays people think that…

以下是例子:

Companies waste heaps of bucks on advertising.

–》 waste a great deal of money on …

In 1986 the % rose to 67.5.

–》 the percentage rose to…

Between the yrs 2001 and 2005, over 2m people died.

–》 the years … over 2 million

 

 

常犯錯22. 形容詞和副詞

形容詞用於描述名詞:Today life is very complicated. (complicated 形容名詞 life)

要描述一個完整的想法或情況,可使用 It is + 形容詞 + that從句 或 It is + 形容詞 + to + 不定式:

It is essential that you bring back all of your books before the end of term.

It is important to begin studying several weeks before the exam.

副詞可用作描述動詞或形容詞:

We must act quickly. (quickly 形容動詞 act) 

This chart is significantly different. (而非 significant different) (significantly 是形容 形容詞 different的副詞)

諸如unfortunately之類的副詞可用作表達對某事的感受:

Unfortunately, he’s not well. (unfortunately 表明我覺得這是一件壞事)

有些副詞是不規則的(irregular),如fast, hard, well等。

He ran as fast as he could. (而非 fastly)

常犯錯23. 名詞和形容詞

有時很容易將名詞與其形容詞混淆。

以下是常見混淆的名詞和形容詞:

名詞

形容詞

名詞

形容詞

Age

Aged

Noise

Noisy

Development

Developed

Responsibility

Responsible

Difference

Different

Significance

Significant

Education

Educational

Silence

Silent

Happiness

Happy

Sport

Sports

Health

Healthy

Truth

True

Maturity

Mature

Value

Valuable

Nature

Natural

Youth

Young

注意,Invaluable指非常有價值

Men 和 Women 只能用作名詞:More men than women work here.

Male 和 Female 用作形容詞:The number of female employees is increasing each year. (而非 women employees)

應該使用 Men 和 Women 或 Male 和 Female。 不要同時使用這兩個不同的術語,即Male employees far outnumber the women是錯誤的.

常犯錯24. 動詞混淆 - 學習篇

“Know”

用於表示已經記住了某事或確定某事,描述的是一種狀態,而不是一種活動,所以不能使用進行式。

I know all of the irregular verbs.

(不是“I am trying to know my irregular verbs.”,亦不是“I am knowing my irregular verbs”)

“Learn”

用於描述學習一項活動,即試圖透過記住事實從而學到,亦可以用於描述學習一門技能;另外,“Learn”不能單獨使用。

I am learning irregular verbs for the test.

I am learning to play the piano.

(不是not I am learning for the test.)

“Study”

通常用於表達學習整個學科領域而不是個人技能或事實,“Study”可以單獨使用。

My daughter is studying economics at university

(而非 I am studying how to play the piano.)

I am studying for the test on Friday.

注意,我們可以說“learn about”但不能說“study about”:

We’re learning about World War I this term.

(而非 we’re studying about)

“Take”

可以以類似“Study”的用法用於指代學科領域。它還可用於指代各個課程。

I am taking a course in marketing.

I have to take at least 3 marketing subjects to get the diploma.

Enroll 用於表示您在正式課程記錄中出現。

I have just enrolled in an art course.

常犯錯25. 動詞混淆 - 數據篇

  • 描述圖表

圖形和圖表可用於顯示事實:

The two graphs show the number of people employed by the company in 1980 and 1990.

當對圖表中的數字概括出結論時,我們使用“indicate”:

These figures indicate that the company is growing in size each year.

我們用“illustration”來指代某事的證據或證明:

These figures illustrate the need for better management of our resources.

我們不使用“demonstrate”、“display”或“tell”來描述圖表,以下是對比例子:

The salesman demonstrated the machine for us. (= 展示某事是如何運作的)

Look at the figures displayed on the screen. (= 在屏幕上顯示)

The girls’ work was displayed for all to see. (= 確保它可以很容易地看到)

Did I tell you about my accident? (= 口頭或書面敘述一個故事)

  • 描述數字

如果數字上升,可使用“increase”或“rise”:Temperatures rose in May.

如果數字下降,可使用“decrease”或“drop”:The number of bats fell in 2004.

如果數字保持不變,可使用“remain steady”或“show little/ no change”:The figures show little change since 2001.

 

 

 

常犯錯26. 動詞混淆 - 生活篇

“buy” 或 “spend”

用“買”來表示買了什麼或在哪裡買的:

I bought a new jumper last week.’ ‘Where did you buy it? (= 你在哪家店買的)

而用“spend”來談論金錢:

I spent over $250 on mobile phone calls last month.

當單獨使用“spend”時,是強調金錢的概念:

We are spending more on ‘petrol than ever before. (= 我們在汽油上花更多的錢)

We are buying more petrol than ever before. (= 重點是汽油)

Avoid, fix, prevent, repair, resolve, 及 solve

用“fix”或“repair”於修理損壞的東西:I took my watch to the jewellers to get it fixed.

用“solve”於解決問題:We must try to solve the unemployment problem.

用“resolve”於解決困難的情況和問題:What can we do to resolve this situation?

用“prevent”於防止問題發生(prevent + -ing;prevent + 名詞 /-ing):

We need to do all we can to prevent this from happening. (= 阻止這種情況發生)

常犯錯27. 名詞混淆 - 工作篇

“Salary”是專業人士每年支付的總金額:

The marketing job offers opportunities to travel and an attractive salary.

“Wage”是每週/每月從事臨時或體力工作所賺取的金額:

Tim got a painting job with a wage of $400 per week.

“Money”是在更廣泛的意義上使用:

Nowadays people need to earn a lot more money to be able to buy a house. (而非 Barn a let mere wages)

“Job”是指您所做的工作類型或特定任務:

My job is to manage the staff. (工作類型)

At home, my job is to do the ironing. (特定任務)

“Work”可以是名詞或動詞,用於廣泛意義:(不可數名詞)

It took a lot of work but I finished the project. (名詞)

My dad works in a bank. (動詞)

“Workplace”是你工作的地方:

It is better to train in the workplace rather than at a college.

“Knowledge”是指你隨著時間的推移所研究的事實,“skills”是指實踐能力。以下是對比例子:

His knowledge of history is amazing.

I have good typing skills.

我們用“employment”和“unemployment”來表示普遍的工作趨勢:

Unemployment figures fell this week.

Employee = 僱員, employer = 老闆

常犯錯28. 名詞混淆 - 商業、旅遊篇

“Advertise”是動詞,“advertisement”是名詞(可以縮寫為 advert)。

我們也可以用“commercial”來指代電視廣告:

I saw a really funny advertisement / commercial on TV last night.

我們用“advertising”來指代廣告行業:

My sister works in advertising.

我們用“journey”或“trip”來談論從 A 到 B:

The journey / trip to Australia was really long.

“Travel”是一個動詞和不可數名詞,泛指旅行:

We travelled for hours before we saw any sign of life. Air travel is very cheap these days.

“Trip”也可以指假期或遠足:

I needed a break so I decided to take a trip to the coast. (not I decided to take a travel)

我們通常用“youth”來指代人生的青春階段,很少被用來表達年輕人; 相反,我們使用“young person”或“young people”:

I did a lot of travelling in my youth.

 

常犯錯29. 撇號 (apostrophe)

撇號可用於:

縮短單詞並顯示一些字母已被省略:

cannot

can’t

could not

couldn’t

do not

don’t

he will

he’ll

will not

won’t

she would

she’d

這些縮寫主要用於口語或非正式語言:

I can’t find Peter anywhere; he isn’t in the staffroom or in his office.

使用在人或動物之後以表示擁有:

Mary’s hat, the cat’s food dish.

撇號不能用於…

所有格代詞,如 :

【its, ours, theirs, yours】

The caterpillar stays in its cocoon until metamorphosis is complete. (而非 it’s cocoon)

當我們將 s 添加到單數名詞使其成為複數時,即使該詞是常用的縮寫詞:

CDs, TVs (而非 CD’s, TV’s)

表示擁有東西。 而相反,我們會使用:

the leg of the chair (而非 the chair’s leg)

常犯錯30. 常見拼寫錯誤

有些單詞因為它們與另一個單詞相似而容易拼寫錯誤:

To 或 too

I want to go to the park. I wanted a new computer but ended up with a printer too. (= as well)

There 或 their

Your book is there, on the table. Students must buy their books before the start of term.

Though 或 through

Several students chose Russian though they had never studied a language before.

The tour guide led the group through some areas of ancient rainforest.

有時對英式和美式拼寫存在混淆:

e.g.

programme = 英式

program = 美式

可使用英式或美式拼寫,但不要混合使用兩種拼寫風格:

(英式)It’s my favourite colour. or:

(美式) It’s my favorite color. (而非 It’s my favourite colour.)

以下單詞也經常拼寫錯誤。 注意有雙字母的單詞:

【accommodation, advertisement, always, benefit, beginning, business, commercial, country, different, environment, government, nowadays, occurred, passenger, restaurant, teacher, which】

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