【5**寫作系列】 萬用句式

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

5** 作文萬用句式

今日 Spencer Sir 想同大家分享幾個作文必定用到嘅好句式,等大家俾造句時可以有更多選擇

在於….

“Depend” 你哋一定識啦,咁除咗佢仲有咩呢?

In that/ In sofar as/ inasmuch as….

  • 三個都係連接詞
  • 用嚟證明主句 (main clause) 點解或者點樣係真確嘅
  • 絕大部分都用嚟說明事實

e.g. Social status does not define success inasmuch as a person’s life consists of elements that go beyond rank and wealth.

社會地位並不能定義成功,因為一個人的生命包括了超越階級和財富的元素組成。

e.g. Investment entails risks insofar as there are unpredictable factors that are out of investors’ control, for example, political instability, collusion, manipulation behind closed doors.

投資存在風險,在於存在投資者無法控制的不可預測因素,例如政治不穩定、勾結、暗中操縱。

所以

相信好多同學都識用”as a result”

除此之外,又有咩呢?

  1. So… (adj.) that…
  • “that” 分句係”so” 分句的結果

e.g. The air quality is so poor that local citizens are prone to develop respiratory diseases.

空氣質量如此差,所以當地居民較易患上呼吸道疾病。

  1. Such be…(n., abstract) that…
  • “that” 分句係” such” 分句嘅結果
  • 個noun 一定要係抽象名詞,例如受歡迎程度、美麗、破壞

e.g. Such is her popularity that she has fans around the world.

= She is very popular.

如此就是她受歡迎程度,因此她在全世界都有歌迷。

  1. 某人does 某事in such a way that…
  • “that” 分句係”such” 分句的結果

e.g. Most presidents speak in such a way that the public has confidence in them.

🔺雖然句子冇形容總統,但可以推斷到佢講嘢一定係有說服力,先可以令民眾對佢有信心

雖然

如果要你寫儘管乜乜乜,係咪只係識Although xxx, xxx.?

而家教你2個新句式啦

  1. Despite/ In spite of/ Notwithstanding…
  • “Despite” 後面一定要跟noun/ noun phrase/ noun clause

e.g. Despite his incisive mind (noun), he has not been running his company satisfactorily, which has not been smooth sailing at all.

e.g. 儘管他當機立斷的思想(名詞),但他的公司經營並不令人滿意,這根本不是一帆風順的。

e.g. Notwithstanding scientists’ warning about the imminent destruction of Earth (noun phrase), human beings have not been prodded into action.

儘管科學家警告說地球即將毀滅(名詞短語),但人類並沒有被敦促採取行動。

  1. Albeit…
  • “Albeit” 後面一定要跟noun/ adjective/ adverb/ preposition phrase
  • “Albeit”前後的字或片語的性質要一致
  • 一般寫在句子的第二部分

e.g. Hong Kong is a pluralistic city, albeit a small one.

香港是一個多元化的城市,雖然很小。

🔺在結構上” a pluralistic city” 同 “a small one” 都是名詞

e.g. Vitamin C and iron produce good effects on our body, albeit in different ways.

維生素 C 和鐵對我們的身體產生良好的影響,儘管以不同的方式。

但是

仲用係用緊However/ even so…?

今日教多你兩個句式啦

  1. On the contrary…
  • 有兩個用法
  1. i) 如果前一句係負面,” On the contrary” 後面就一定要係正面來強調某個情況

e.g. There is nothing wrong with living alone. On the contrary, people enjoy more freedom.

一個人住沒有什麼不好。反而人們享有更多的自由。

  1. ii) 強調之前提及的相反才是真確的

e.g. Most people find Nadia condescending. On the contrary, I find her polite and humble.

大多數人認為Nadia自以為是。 相反,我覺得她彬彬有禮和謙虛。

  1. yet/ and yet
  • “yet” 前面有comma,”and yet” 則沒有comma

e.g. This writer is famous for his verbose style and yet he is admired by readers around the world.

= This writer is famous for his verbose style, yet he is admired by readers……

這位作家以其冗長的風格而聞名,但他卻為全世界的讀者所欽佩。

倒裝句攻略

Inversions 倒裝句係用嚟強調句子開首某個字詞或者片語 (phrase)

普遍用喺作文,亦可以用喺說話

今日就教你兩種開首啦

  1. 含有”not/ no”意思嘅字同片語

– “Little/ By no mean”嚟啲都有非常少同冇嘅意思

e.g. Little do Hongkongers read in their leisure time, which is a sad comment on the cultural life of local people.

香港人在閒暇時間很少閱讀,這是對本地人文生活的一種悲哀。

  1. 含有” only”意思嘅字或片語

e.g. Only with tenacity can everyone fulfil their ambition.

=Everyone can fulfil their ambition only with tenacity.

只有堅韌不拔,每個人才能實現自己的抱負。

表達較易傾向…

同學仔好多時候都會用”may/ would/ could” 嚟表達自己論點

因為佢地會覺得冇論點係絕對嘅

咁如果想加強語氣 又可以點講呢?

  1. show/ have a + tendency/ propensity + to do something/ for something

e.g. The Chinese show a propensity to suppress their feelings and be reticent about their opinions.

中國人傾向於壓抑情緒及對自己的意見保持沉默。

  1. be prone + to do something/ to something have a predisposition towards something/ to do something

e.g. Women are prone to give credence to what they hear on the grapevine.

女性傾向於相信她們道聽塗說的事情。

e.g. An only child, as they grow up, has a predisposition to ignore others’ opinions.

獨生子女在成長過程中較易傾向忽視別人的意見。

  1. be apt + to do something

e.g. Male bosses are apt to give their staff members more leeway whereas female bosses keep a tighter rein.

男老闆傾向於給員工更多的自由,而女老闆則會加緊控制。

希望你地日後都可以用多啲上面提到嘅句式,就唔洗嚟嚟去去都係個啲句式

考官見到都比多啲分你㗎!

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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