許多人不知道IELTS系統使用一組 9 個核心topic來製定大部分寫作問題。
即使你的英語有一些錯誤，如果你理解這 9 個主題，你可能會對你的IELTS成績產生顯著影響。
IELTS writing topics
IELTS Writing Topic 1
Work and careers
Topic 1 Example question
Some employers give their workers discounted gym and sports club memberships in the hopes of making their employees healthier and hence more productive at work. Other employers do not see the point.
Consider the arguments from both aspects of this possible debate, and reach a conclusion.
Topic 1 Band 9 Essay
Employers are constantly looking for methods to boost their workers’ productivity, and subsidizing healthy activities might be one of them. However, there are counter-arguments on both sides, which we shall explore below.
On the one hand, it may be argued that if employees are healthier and less stressed, their working time will be more efficient, resulting in increased productivity and service. Furthermore, since their leisure time will be more rewarding, the staff’s work/life balance would ideally improve. This may be even more motivating than wage raises, benefits, or cash incentives like bonuses or incentives, which might be difficult to get. Finally, feeling better may lead to increased work satisfaction, which is a motivating factor in and of itself.
The difficulty with such leisure-based incentives, on the other hand, is that their effectiveness is almost hard to assess. Employers, for example, may at least observe whether the goals are met via target-related remuneration. It may alternatively be argued that if this money was spent on (for example) on-the-job training or day release programs, workers would advance in their careers and have greater employment prospects. These factors are all simpler to quantify, particularly in performance evaluations and assessments, and they may even assist to lessen the risk of redundancy if the firm restructures, downsizes, or outsources its employees.
Overall, it seems that, although health-related subsidies appear to be appealing on the surface, their lack of quantifiability is a significant disadvantage. Spending money on regular training would seem to be a better use of corporate or HR finances.
IELTS Writing Topic 2
Topic 2 Example question
‘In schools, the Internet will never replace conventional course materials.’ How much of this forecast do you agree with?
Topic 2 Band 9 Essay
The contemporary teacher has access to a vast array of materials, and making the appropriate choice is critical to delivering successful lessons. Despite the numerous advantages of the Internet, I think that course books will always have a place in the educational curriculum.
To begin, course books (traditional or digital) were created by pedagogical professionals and meant to be integrated into a topic curriculum, leading to testing processes such as formal exams or ongoing assessment. This implies that they have been shown to increase students’ academic performance, increasing their chances of progressing to further education. Furthermore, the usage of current course books enables students to coordinate their studies as part of group work, allowing for less teacher-led instruction and more self-directed learning. This, rather than traditional rote learning, promotes study skills such as independent investigation and synthesising sources. In reality, here is where the Internet may be useful: to augment and add to the information that students are gaining from their course materials. However, it is the responsibility of teachers and school administration to ensure that Internet usage remains a directed learning process rather than a data-gathering exercise from unreliable or even deceptive Internet sources.
True, the Internet may be quite useful for individuals who can distinguish between sources and filter through material to marshal their facts (for example, through remote learning or self-study modules). However, since this is a mature talent, we should not presume that school-aged children are capable of doing it.
Overall, it looks that course books will continue to be an important element of the curriculum due to their high quality and breadth of content. If used responsibly and with supervision, the internet may be considered a beneficial addition to this.
IELTS Writing Topic 3
Topic 3 Example question
Some individuals feel that youngsters should spend all of their spare time with their parents and siblings. Others say it is unneeded, if not even harmful.
Discuss the possible arguments on both sides, and say which side you personally support.
Topic 3 Band 9 Essay
Nobody can dispute the importance of parental impact on children, especially when they live with their parents, foster parents, or guardians. However, as we shall show, it is far from certain that children should spend all of their time with their families.
On the one hand, it may seem that spending as much time as possible with their children is the best way for parents to function as role models and create ground rules for behavior. This permits the children to learn norms and rules of behaviour, which they may subsequently apply to themselves, thereby avoiding issues like bullying, truancy, and delinquency in the future. Furthermore, staying with family should lessen the likelihood of youngsters being victims of crimes such as sexual assault.
kidnapping, or being a victim to negative peer pressure.
On the other hand, we must consider if this is a viable option. Children cannot spend all of their time with their families in a culture where many families are dual-income, or when one parent’s function as breadwinner requires him or her to be away from the family for significant periods of time. In these situations, child-minding and after-school childcare are often employed, and if handled well, they may be excellent options. Similarly, it seems that youngsters may learn a great deal from their peers as well as adults in certain situations, and allowing them to play without direct supervision may be beneficial.
To summarize, it seems that, although family time is important for bonding and absorbing behavioral patterns, there are also clear benefits when children are not in the family. This is assuming they are in a safe, well-behaved setting with peers who are relatively well-behaved themselves.
IELTS Writing Topic 4
Topic 4 Example question
Pollution of rivers, lakes, and oceans is a significant source of worry for environmentalists. What are the causes of water contamination, and what are the consequences for animal life and human society?
Topic 4 Band 9 Essay
Contamination of water is a major sort of pollution that may be difficult to eliminate. There seem to be two primary factors at work, as well as a number of negative consequences for people and the environment, which we shall address below.
The problem of emissions from vehicles, industry, and other human activity is most likely the most important cause. These emissions include harmful pollutant particles that may contaminate rainfall runoff and, as a result, enter the water cycle by passing via the water table into aquifers, streams, and rivers. Filtration and processing are impractical for such enormous quantities of water, therefore the water table stays polluted with these components for extended periods of time, as we see in Eastern Europe today. When soil erosion and logging have already harmed the local ecology, the accumulated impact may be devastating. Accidental or purposeful disposal of waste goods outside of supervised landfills or waste processing centers is another prominent reason. Even modest volumes of abandoned garbage may find their way into groundwater sources, frequently unnoticed.
The consequences for animal life can be devastating, especially for species already threatened by poaching, habitat loss, and food chain disruption. Contaminated water may lead to diminishing populations or perhaps extinction, as the Asian tiger populations are now experiencing. The consequences for human civilization may be upsetting, such as poisoning of drinking water, starvation or drought due to a lack of safe irrigation, and long-term land loss, as we saw in India after the Bhopal poisoning disaster. Such consequences have a disproportionately negative impact on the poorest members of society, who have the fewest means to mitigate the negative effects of the environment.
Overall, we can see that emissions and dumping are the primary causes of the problem, and that existing environmental, criminal, and social issues worsen the consequences on people and animals.
IELTS Writing Topic 5
Culture and traditions
Topic 5 Example question
Traditional clothing and costumes are seen as useful strategies to retain ties to the past in many nations. In this regard, how successful can traditional costumes be?
What other options are there for people to engage with their country’s history?
Topic 5 Band 9 Essay
Most people would agree that maintaining ties to our history is a noble goal, particularly given how quickly the world changes. Traditional clothing, in my opinion, are an essential element of this, but they are far from the most significant, as we will see.
Historic clothing does play a significant part in social events such as religious ceremonies and military parades, and these events aid in the transmission of social memes such as patriotism and self-sacrifice. Traditional clothing, such as the ancient Swiss national dress, which reflects the country’s medieval independence, can serve as reminders of the roots of cultural traditions and myths.
Costumes, on the other hand, seem to be an afterthought in these instances and do not appear to represent the major message. The cultural standards that assist to sustain the fabric of society are communicated via the rituals themselves. In this respect, the outfits are just ornamental. Furthermore, it seems that there are much more potent means for culture to be preserved and passed down across generations. Most nations have a rich history of tales and folklore regarding their country’s creation and growth, some of which are mythical and some of which are based on fact (as we see in the English stories about Robin Hood or George and the Dragon, for example.) These tales are a cultural legacy that more effectively represents significant symbols and ideas than clothing. Similarly, we must remember the importance of art and music in the transmission of our traditions, which may take many forms, from fine art to handicrafts, and from opera to traditional shanties and dirges. These mediums are more successful than costumes that transmit no words because they include visual or verbal signals.
Overall, we must recognize and appreciate the contribution of traditional attire to the preservation of our traditions. Story, art, and music, on the other hand, seem to be the driving factors behind this priceless process.
IELTS Writing Topic 6
Topic 6 Example question
Many physicians are worried about children and young people’s excessive usage of computer games. What kind of mental and physical issues might develop from playing these games too much? How might these issues be alleviated?
Topic 6 Band 9 Essay
Children appear to enjoy playing video games, and while there are undoubted benefits, various negative effects stem from this too. Let us consider the main issues, and then outline possible remedies.
Perhaps the major physical problem is the sedentary lifestyle which these games encourage, meaning that youngsters may incline to obesity or inadequate development. Added to this is thestrain on eyesight resulting from excessive use of screens and consoles, meaning that children may suffer symptoms of poor vision. There are also concerns about impairment of reflexes due to the repetitive nature of the hand muscles when playing these games, and about the poor diet ofconvenience food which often accompanies this lifestyle.
The most alarming psychological impact of such activities is possibly the risk of addiction, meaning that children become obsessed with the games and are unable to socialise with family or peers. This undermines their interpersonal skills and makes them underperform both academically and socially.
Turning to possible solutions, perhaps the immediate step would be to promote a more active lifestyle through exercise regimes or sports programmes which would help to detoxify the lifestyles of children affected. This could be done through sponsorship of sports, or participation in competitive events such as races or matches, hopefully ameliorating the physical effects of excessive games use. Potential remedies for the danger of mental addiction may be, firstly, an initiative to raise awareness of the risks of the situation, for example through health warnings on games packaging or through high-profile spokespersons spreading such a message. For example, if sports champions or figureheads speak out about these dangers, the message may well get through to children.
To sum up, the risks posed by excessive gaming are connected to an unhealthy lifestyle and the possibility of dependency on the activity. Possible answers might involve stronger education about the dangers and the health benefits of more active pursuits.
IELTS Writing Topic 7
Topic 7 Example question
‘In most countries, unemployment remains the greatest obstacle for school-leavers.’
How much of this evaluation do you agree with? What additional obstacles do today’s youth face?
Topic 7 Band 9 Essay
Youth unemployment is a major concern for most nations, particularly in these times of economic uncertainty and social turmoil. To suggest that this is the most important problem, however, is to disregard a number of equally important issues, which we shall explore presently.
Joblessness, it must be conceded, might jeopardize a young person’s economic prospects and, as a result, social mobility. Nonetheless, as we just saw in Canada, this problem may be alleviated by concerted action between the state and the private sector. When we grasp this, we can see that other issues are just as significant.
Perhaps the most pressing of these is the problem of age demographics, in which young people suffer the brunt of an aging society with a lengthy life expectancy. This implies that young people will have to pay greater taxes and work longer hours, perhaps compelling them to relocate to nations with less pressure. The result is a ‘brain drain’ phenomenon in southern Europe, when young, ambitious individuals decide to leave their nations entirely, aggravating the issue for those who stay.
Furthermore, we must keep in mind that a large number of young people throughout the world confront existential risks such as starvation, drought, or disease outbreaks. Civil conflict, political instability, and local corruption are all factors that contribute to (or exacerbate) these issues. Such dangers endanger their safety as well as their livelihood, and seem to be even more significant than unemployment.
To sum up, it appears reasonable to assume that youth unemployment is a significant problem. However, ongoing demographic trends in affluent nations, as well as the prevalence of physical threats in developing countries, should be considered equally serious.
IELTS Writing Topic 8
Topic 8 Example question
In many cities nowadays, transportation delays and significant travel times are a common occurrence. What are the root causes of this issue, and what can be done to ameliorate the situation?
Topic 8 Band 9 Essay
Long excursions are inconvenient and costly for individuals who use public transportation. As we shall describe, there seem to be two major explanations for this, as well as various potential remedies.
The lack of investment or money for infrastructure in the form of high-capacity public transportation and greater road space for private automobiles might be the major culprit. This indicates that too many cars are using the current network, resulting in unavoidable congestion. This may be seen in most major cities throughout the world, such as London or Tokyo. Many cities also lack the financial resources to build transportation hubs, such as integrated road and rail systems that would link public and private transportation, minimizing bottlenecks. Another factor seems to be the issue of city congestion, which occurs when people relocate from the countryside to metropolitan areas, placing a pressure on services, housing, and, most importantly, transportation capacity. This implies that an already overburdened system is often pushed to breaking point, resulting in cancellations and technological failures, particularly in urbanized areas such as Latin America.
In terms of prospective remedies, the most effective treatment would most likely be to incentivize investment in improved infrastructure, such as via subsidies or public-private partnerships, as Germany did effectively in the 1990s. This benefits everyone by improving the network and instilling a feeling of civic pride. Another option is to employ tax incentives to encourage people to work from home, reducing the need to travel from the suburbs to the city. Finally, new flexible modes of transportation, such as community carpooling, may be developed to lessen dependency on current networks and automobiles.
Finally, it seems that old infrastructure and overpopulation are the primary causes of our transportation woes. Better financing, as well as advances in working and traveling methods, might be used to alleviate the system’s stress.
IELTS Writing Topic 9
Topic 9 Example question
The countryside is sometimes claimed to provide a great quality of life, particularly for families. What are the advantages and disadvantages of families choose to live and work in the countryside, such as as farmers? What is your own view about this?
Topic 9 Band 9 Essay
Few decisions in life are more significant than deciding where to raise a family, and deciding whether to live in the city or the country is a difficult one. As we shall see, there are compelling reasons for and against living in the countryside.
On the one hand, the countryside may be considered a backwater, with fewer cultural institutions such as museums, theaters, and even athletic events than a metropolis. Families may grow separated as a result of this, particularly if rural depopulation leaves fewer country people in the region, as we observe in central France. To make matters worse, there are a shortage of schools and universities, which means that youngsters may have to travel vast distances for their education. Finally, job opportunities for both parents and children may be restricted in the countryside, resulting in rural unemployment and, in the worst-case scenario, long-term rural poverty.
On the other hand, there are benefits to living in the country that go beyond financial concerns. For example, because to the availability of natural resources such as land, animals, timber, and water bodies, a subsistence lifestyle may be led with relative ease. In this way, many rural inhabitants are self-sufficient smallholders, protecting them from the economic shocks that might affect city people. Children learn the value of farming if their parents are farmers.
As a consequence, animal husbandry, agricultural practices such as crop rotation and irrigation, and overall awareness of the natural environment may improve. Finally, since technology allows children to participate in distant learning or visit cultural attractions such as museums from afar, they should feel less disconnected from their cultural heritage.
Overall, I believe that the quality of life in today’s countryside is pretty excellent, thanks to the advantages of resources, self-sufficiency, and environmental consciousness. This is particularly true today that technology is lessening the danger of isolation in such remote areas.
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