IELTS Writing Task 1 全攻略【2022全新剖析】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

IELTS Writing Task 1 要求您就一些視覺信息撰寫至少 150 字的摘要,通常以圖形或圖表的形式呈現。您需要識別最重要的特徵,解釋它們, 並將它們與提供的數據進行比較。

可能會發現 IELTS Writing Task 1 相當艱鉅,尤其是在您沒有提前準備的情況下。 所有圖形或圖表類型都有幾個共同特徵,以及將它們彼此區分開來的其他特徵。 您需要的語言類型可能會根據考試當天顯示的圖表或圖表而有所不同,因此請做好相應的準備。 

IELTS Writing Task 1

寫作Task 1題目類型

寫作Task 1題目類型

不論是哪一種題目/圖表,考生都需要形容其特徵。雖然IELTS比較大機會形容數據,不過其他類型,例如:diagram圖表、map地圖等,都有試過在考試裏測試考生!

IELTS Writing Task 1
通用技巧:

最常用結構

Paragraph 1: 引言 1+1 (之後會提及)

Paragraph 2 : 內文 1 (最明顯趨勢)

Based on the information provided in the (type of graph/diagram),

[sentence 2a General trends (overall)]

[sentence 2bKey Features (3-4 pts)]

[sentence 2c Comparison]

[sentence 2d Special Feature]

paragraph 3:內文 2

In contrast to the trend for fitems in big trend), [sentence about 3a]

Note: if there are more than three items

In contrast to the aforementioned

[sentence 3b]

[sentence 3c]

[sentence 3d]

[3b/3c/3d] comparing 

大致與paragraph 2 一樣

paragraph 4:總結

In summary, [paraphrase a main trend], and (major contrasts).

引言首句 1+4 寫作公式

這個公式可以協助同學寫出完美無缺的引言第一句,而且包含一切須知!

1+4 寫作公式:

1: 圖的種類

4:時地人事 (不一定全部需要)

The

[Type of chart] (bar chart/ line graph/ diagram/ table …)

Presents (singular) / present (plural)

Information on

[What]

[Who]

[Where]

[when]

額外小技巧:paraphrase

Example 1

The number of people who got married

The number of marriages

Example 2

Males and females

(People of) both sexes

(People of) both genders

Example 3

20 years ago/before/earlier

Two decades

In early ninties

引言首句例子

公式

例子

The

The

type of chart

line chart

present(s)

presents

information on

information on

what

meat consumption

who

where

in a European country

when

between 1979 and 2004

= The line chart presents information on meat consumption in a European country between 1979 and 2004

引言第二句 宏觀趨勢3+1

宏觀趨勢有3個可能性:increase/decrease/stay the same

先描述最大概,最明顯的趨勢

例如:

Overall, (something increased, while [something else] decreased.

若過可以,考生可以為句子新增1個位置,形容趨勢的幅度,例如:increased significantly/ increased by varying degrees/ decreased dramatically 等等

引言第二句 例子

題目

The table shows the percentage of households with various électronic products in New Zealand in 1996 and 2002.

Electronic products

1996

2002

Television

96

99

Cell phone

91

99

Microwave

87

93

Refrigerator

95

97

Portable computer

6

38

Fax machine

83

41

Radio

44

33

Washing maching

95

95

Destop computer

90

75

Model answer

Overall, the percentage of households with five type of electronic products increased-by varying degrees, while that of fax machines, desktop computers and radios fell significantly and that of washing machines stayed the same

伏位:Tenses

First sentence:Present simple

Every other sentence:Past simple

Exception: graphs with predictions about tbe future:Present simple

***Not future simple

IELTS Writing Task 1
通用字詞/句式:

Useful vocabulary and phrases:

20 (1980) -> 25 (2000)

increased from 20 to 25

increased from 20 in 1980 to 25 in 2000

increased by 5 to 25 (= from 20 to 25)

increased by 25% to 25

increased by 25% over 20 years to 25 in 2000

25 (1980) -> 20 (2000)

decreased from 25 to 20

decreased from 25 in 1980 to 20 in 2000

decreased by 5 to 20

decreased by 20% to 20

decreased by 20% over 20 years to 20 in 2000

Useful Sentence Structure

描述轉變 1

The number of [item]
increased
rose
grew
climbed
rocketed
leapt
decreased
fell
dropped
declined
slid
fluctuated
dramatically
drastically
significantly
sharply
steeply
suddenly
rapidly
steadily
gradually
slowly
consistently
slightly
modestly
marginally
neglibly


from [time] to [time]
between [time] and [time]

描述轉變 2

There was a
dramatic
drastic
significant
sharp
steep
sudden
rapid
steadil
gradual
slow
consistent
slightly
modest
marginal

increase
rise
growth
decrease
fall
drop
fluctuation 
in the number of [item]
from [time] to [time]
between [time] and [time]

描述轉變 3

The number of
(time]
Stayed the sameremained
Stayed
stable
From (time] to [time).
between (time] and (time].

描述轉變 4

There was
Little hardly any on
change
in the number of [item]
From (time] to [time).
between (time] and (time].

萬用句式

A glance at the two figures VO

Not surprisingly, SVO

By far S, SVO

Equally predictable is the fact SVO

Worth mentioning that SVO

Numbering [數據], SVO

Also noteworthy is the fact that SVO

It is evident from the information that SVO

Second in terms of S VO

Bar Graph 例子 + 範文

Bar Graph 題目

Statistics Figure illustrates that the number of plastic surgery operations performed on Korean Men
and Women in the year of 2004.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words
Given are the figure illustrator.

IELTS Writng bar graph
IELTS Writng bar graph

Bar Graph 範文

A glance at the two figures provided reveals the popularity of various forms of cosmetic surgery among Korean men and women in 2004

Not surprisingly plastic surgery enjoyed widespread popularity amongst women. By far the most common forms of cosmetic procedure for this group, eyelid surgery and rhinoplasty were performed staggering 320,000 and 275,000 respectively. Third in terms of popularity, was laser skin resurfacing. An approximate of 215,000 of these procedures were conducted on women during the year in question. Breast enlargement and liposuction were considerably less common at 145,000 and 120,000 operations respectively.

Equally predictable is the fact that plastic surgery was far less popular among men. In Contrast to women, hair transplant was most common cosmetic procedure.

There were just 60,000 of these operations among Korean males. Numbering 55,000 procedures, laser skin resurfacing was second for this group. Third was rhinoplasaty and 14,000 facelift procedures were carried out on men during 2004.

Worth mentioning that hair transplantation, abdominoplasty and facelift patients were exclusively male whilst 100 percent of liposuction, breast enlargement and eyelid surgery were female.

Line Graph 例子 + 範文

Line Graph 題目

The graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Line graph

Line Graph 範文

The blue graph shows the television audiences throughout the day. It shows that the percentage of audiences is three percent in early morning but it gradually rises to ten percent at 8:00 am and maintains the same for the next two hours. There is a slight fall in percentage in next two hours however after that it raises sharp unto twenty percent within the next two hours. After this, the graph rises very fast and attains its peak at 10 pm which is about forty-five percent. The graph gradually falls down and at 2:00 am it is at five percent.

The red graph shows the percentage for radio audiences. Unlike the television one the peak percentage of the radio audiences is at 8:00 am which is about 30 percent. Then it gradually falls and it corresponds with the television one at two pm. After that, it gradually falls but with a small increase in percentage at 4:30 to 6:00 pm. The percentage of the audience then gradually goes down and at four AM it is the lowest which is near 2 percent.

These graphs prove the progressive popularity of television.

Pie Chart 例子 + 範文

題目

The given pie charts compare the expenses in 7 different categories in 1966 and 1996 by American Citizens.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. You should write at least 150 words.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Pie Chart 1
IELTS Writing Task 1 Pie Chart

範文

The two provided pie charts compare the expenditure of Americans in 7 different categories namely food, cars, petrol, restaurants, furniture, computers, and book between 1966 and 1996.

It is evident from the information provided that foods and cars made up the biggest proportions of spending among Americans in both years. Specifically, in 1966, the highest proportion of expenses went to food with 44% of the total expense, followed by cars with 23%. After 30 years, this figure observed a reversal when the spending on cars accounted for a massive 45% while that for food dropped to just 14%.

Turning to the other expenses, petrol and furniture stood for roughly equal proportions of money spent with 9% and 10% respectively in 1966 and both 8% in 1996. The expenditure for restaurants experienced an increase of 7% in 1966 and a double to 14% after 30 years. It is also interesting to note that the spending on books and computers changed conversely. Over the 30-year period, the figure for books declined from 6% to a negligible 1%, in contrast, money spent on computers underwent a remarkable growth from 1% to 10%.

In short, Americans spent most of their money on food and cars in both 1966 and 1996, and the spending on computers increased considerably after 30 years.

Table 例子 + 範文

Table 題目

            The figures below compare the number of internet users in several European nations as well as the prevalence of online shopping in these countries.

            Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

City

Date opened

Kilometers of route

Passengers per year

(in millions)

London

1863

394

775

Paris

1900

199

1191

Tokyo

1927

155

1927

Washington DC

1976

126

144

Kyoto

1981

11

45

Los Angeles

2001

28

50

Table 範文

The given table provides data about the underground rail transit systems in six different cities namely London, Paris, Tokyo, Washington DC, Kyoto and Los Angeles. The statistics provided are the year opening the railway systems, the kilometres of route and the total number of travelers per year in millions.

As is given in the table, London railway service was the first to launch compared to other five cities, i.e., in 1863, and it covers a total distance of 394 kilometres. By contrast, the city of Los Angeles has the newest underground railway, which was opened in 2001, and it falls under the second least used with mere 50 million commuters and the second shortest length with just 28 kilometers, whereas the Kyoto railway system stands at the last spot with 45 million people and 1 1 kilometers length respectively.

Interestingly, the Tokyo rail transit system which was built in the year 1927, has the highest number of passengers, which accounts for 1927 million followed by Paris with a large user base of 1191 million.

Overall, it can be inferred from the presentation that most of the early built and longest rail routes have significantly higher number of passengers, compared to modern and short length transit systems.

Question Type:
Diagrams

Diagrams 必用詞彙

描述時序

  • To begin
  • At the beginning
  •  In the initial stage
  •  In the first place
  • Then
  • Later on
  • Following this
  • Next
  • After that
  • Thereafter
  • Afterwards
  • Subsequentdy
  • In the subsequent stage
  •  Finally
  • At last
  • In the last place
  • Ultimately
  • While
  • Meanwhile
  • In the meantime
  • Simultaneously

實用副詞

  • Gradually
  • Instantly
  • Instantaneously
  • Immediately
  • Promptly
  • Sequentially
  • Periodically
  • Cyclically
  • Repeatedly
  • Cootinually

Diagrams 必用句式

句式1

The dingram
explainsshowsillustratespresents information on
the way in whichthe process for the making of
[item]
is/ are 
made
Manufactured
produced
 
For purpose 

句式2

There are
A total of
Number stages
In the process
Beginning with the n.
and
culminating in the n.

Diagrams 例子 連範文

Diagram 題目

The diagram below shows how the French Construction Bureau collects data on construction sites. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the maln features and make comparisons where relevant.

Diagram 範文

The diagram below shows how the French Construction Bureau collects data on construction sites. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the maln features and make comparisons where relevant.

Question Type:Maps

IELTS歷史上考Maps有4種:

  1. Describe one map in the present day. (Least common)
  2. Choose between proposed locations in one map → Explain why this site is more suitable than the other one(s)
  1. Compare two maps- one in the present and one in the future
  2. Compare two maps- one in the past and one in the present. (Most common)

Maps 可使用的字眼

The map illustrates/shows (that).

According to the map,

As shown in the map…

As can be seen from the map,

It can be seen that from the map (that) ..

It is clear/apparent from the map (that). …

In the (direction), there is a.

In the (direction), there lies a…

Note:

To maintain objecuivity, you should avoid using ‘we’ in phrases such as “we can see from the diagram that”

Maps 必用詞彙

東南西北

Northern / Northernmost

Eastern / Easternmost

Southern / Southernmost

Western /Westernmost

Northeastern

Southeastern

Southwestern

Northwestern

VERB + BUILDING

  • demolish, knock-down, pull down, tear down, flatten, replace
  • renovate, reconstruct, restore
  • build, construct, develop
  • extend, expand
  • relocate, convert
  • modernize

VERB +
ROAD/BRIDGE/RAILWAY LINE

  • construct, build
  • extend, expand
  • remove

VERB+ TREE AND FOREST

  • clear, cut down, chop-down, remove
  • plant

VERB + LEISURE ACTIVITIES

  • open, set up, develop

ADJ. + ROAD

  • long-distance
  • main, major
  • minor, secondary

ADJ. + ROAD

  • long-distance
  • main, major
  • minor, secondary
  • single-track
  • rural
  • urban
  • coastal
  • country
  • residential
  • commercial
  • industrial
  • agricultural
  • tree-lined
  • pavate
  • public
  • dead-end

Maps 可使用句式

形容大體轉變

Over/During the (time) period,

From [year] to [year],

Between [year] and [year],

over the past (number of years] years,

+

the (industrial/residential) area/city/town/village/

+

witnessed dramatic changes

saw spectacular developments

changed considerbly

was totally teansformed/reconstructed/redeveloped

 

形容方向

  • A is/lies [north/south/cast/west] of B
  • A is located/situated (in the) (north/south/east/west] of B
  • A is on the (northern/southern/eastern/ western] tip of B
  • A is to the left/right of B
  • A is on the left-hand side/right-hand side of B
  • A is in the top/bottom right-hand/left-hand corner of B
  • A is at the edge of B

形容位置

  • A is at the centre of
  • A is in the middle of
  • A is next to/adjacent to/ beside B
  • A is close to/near to B
  • A is in close proximity to B
  • A is located (distance] km from B
  • A is directly opposite to B
  • A runs/passes/goces through B
  • A crosses B
  • A runs along-B
  • A links B andC
  • A is/stands outside B
  • A is/stands inside B

形容人口

有時候,Maps旁邊會有顯示人口總人數。

  • The population of A is [number].
  • A has a population of [number).
  • Located in/near [place], A has a population of (number).

Maps 例子 連範文

Maps 題目

The two maps below show an island, before and after the construction of some tourist facilities.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Writing Task 1:MAPS

Maps 範文

The two maps illustrate the changes on an island due to the constructions and adaptations made for the tourism activities. In general, the island became more crowded with entertainment facilities after the introduction of tourism.

In the first picture before the construction of tourist facilities, there was no accommodation and the whole island had almost nothing except few trees. Furthermore, the area was completely calm and quiet.

However, turning to the second picture, this island provides a lot of accommodation facilities and a large restaurant. The reception block is located close to the restaurant and these buildings are linked through vehicle tracks. From the reception centre, people can go to the pier through the vehicle track. Moreover, the swimming area is also available near the beach for visiting tourists. Tourists can walk on the footpath to reach the beach from their cottages. 

Overall, tourism facilities made greater development on this island, while it became congested. However, it is good no notice that trees were not chopped down during the renovation works.

IELTS Writing Task 1
9大錯處

1. 個人意見

Task 1 在這方面與Task 2 完全不同。在任務 1 中,你永遠不應該談論情況的背景或試圖說明原因。

2. 將數字放在引言或主題句中

引言應該只是包括Task的基本訊息,主題句應該只總結關鍵組/趨勢/例外,而不是數字。

3. 引言太長

2 句話總是足夠完成引言; 2 個(或非常偶爾 3 個)句子概括已經非常足夠。

4. 使用contractions

切勿在Task 1 或Academic Task 2 中使用宮縮。它們在general training Task 2中是可以接受的informal 信件。

5. 按照您在圖表中看到的順序列出數據

考官說,這是低分最常見的原因之一。你必須分析並將數據分組以獲得高分。

6. 未能描述趨勢和例外情況

同樣,除非您證明您可以做到這一點,否則您不會獲得高分(例如 7 或以上)。

7. 未能描述趨勢和例外情況

同樣,除非您證明您可以做到這一點,否則您不會獲得高分(例如 7 或以上)。

如果您在測試中難以做到這一點,您可以使用“The main trend is. . .,The exception is…”並簡單地描述您可以看到的最引人注目的數據。

8. 從數據中使用太多數字。

重要的是選擇關鍵數字,而不是數字列表。在具有大量數據的Task中,嘗試描述群體的數字(例如,“They are all around 50”)而不是報告一大組中的每個單獨數字。我們的範文向您展示了許多不同的方法來做到這一點。

9. 時間控制

頭兩分鐘:
• Read the introduction
• Analyse the information
Big trend
Small trend
不用讀題目,每次都一樣

之後16分鐘

• Write essay (16 minutes)
Paragraph 1: 1.5 minutes
Paragraph 2: 7 minutes
Paragraph 3: 7 minutes
Paragraph 4: 0.5 minutes

最後兩分鐘

• Profread
Common mistakes only
• 如果20分鐘都還沒proofread完便不用proofread

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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