6大英文 DSE 格式 全攻略 卷二卷三通殺!【附5**範文】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

DSE 格式 於DSE English Paper 2 & DSE English Paper 3都會用到。以下包含6大DSE 格式,並附上相應的5**範文。包括letter 格式、article 格式、speech 格式、report 格式、proposal 格式、blog entry 格式

DSE 格式 1: Letter

在說明 Letter 格式 之前,

想簡單介紹 letter (書信)的種類

letter (書信)形式主要分為兩種:

  1. Formal Letter (例如 Letter to the editor)

參考題目:2012 English Paper 2 Q6 Learning English through Popular Culture (Write a letter to the editor…)

  1. Informal Letter(例如Letter of advice)

參考題目:2012 English Paper 2 Q8 Learning English through Workplace Communication (Write an email to your friend…)

Letter 格式

DSE English paper 2

Formal Letter 離不開公函或商業書信,其中最常見的是Letter to the editor。由於你不認識書寫對象,行文時要用有禮貌的語氣。因此,以下幾點同學們需要注意一下:

  • 如果不知道對方姓名,上款應以Dear Sir/Madam稱呼對方;如果知道對方身分卻不知道姓名,如對方是Editor,上款可以是Dear Editor;如果知道對方姓名,上款只需要寫對方姓氏就可以了,例如Dear Mr. Leung/Dear Miss Chan
  • 不要用縮寫,例如I’m, you’re, we’re等,這些都是對著朋友才會用
  • 下款有兩種情況,第一是知道對方姓名,那麼下款會用Yours sincerely。第二種情況是不認識對方,而且不知道對方姓名,那麼下款會用Yours faithfully

Formal Letter 寫作公式

DSE English Paper 2

寫作部份一:寫作目的

  1. I am writing to express my concerns about + n.(表達關注)
  2. I am writing in reply to the letter on + 日期 about + n. (回信)

寫作部份二:背景介紹

  1. According to / Based on  + n., + SVO (根據)
  2. In recent years, + SVO (最近幾年)
    Nowadays, + SVO (今時今日)
  3. A recent report / study / survey +
    shows / suggests / reveals / demonstrates + that + SVO (報導 / 研究 / 調查  顯示…)

寫作部份三:簡述內容

  1. In this letter, I aim to + v. + 詳細資料
  2. In this letter, I will + v. +詳細資料

寫作部份四:標題句

  1. Moreover,/Besides,/Also, + SVO (除此以外)
  2. What is more,/More importantly, + SVO (更重要的是)
  3. Last but not least,/Lastly, + SVO (最後一點是)
  4. Concerning / Regarding / with regard to/As regards / As for + n., + SVO (就…而論)

寫作部份五:寫原因

  1. n. + is a reason for / is one of the reasons for + n. (…是…的其中一個原因)
  2. + is a cause of / is one of the causes of + n. (…是…的其中一個原因)
  3. The reason + why + SVO+ is that + SVO (…的原因是…)
  4. n. + engender/contribute to/ lead to/result in/bring about + n. (導致)

寫作部份六:寫影響

  1. v. + ing / n. + be + good for/ advantageous to/beneficial to/conducive to/instrumental in 
  2. + v. + ing / n. (有好處的)
  3. v. + ing / n. improve /enhance/strengthen/ameliorate + n. (改善)
  4. v. + ing / n. + be harmful to/detrimental to/deleterious to/injurious to + n. (有壞處的)
  5. v. + ing / n. harm / endanger / compromise /jeopardize / undermine+ v. + ing / n.(危及)
  6. v. + ing / n. hinder / impede/ hamper (妨礙) + n.

寫作部份七:表達觀點

  1. I think that / I believe that + SVO (我相信)
  2. From my point of view, + SVO (依我看)
  3. In my opinion, + SVO (按照我的看法)
  4. As far as I am concerned, / As for me, + SVO (就我而言)

寫作部份八:表達觀點

  1. In the following, + I will suggest some ways to + v. (以下,我會提出幾個方法)
  2. In the following, I will make some suggestions.
  3. To tackle/ cure/deal with/ cope with + the problem of + n., + I will put forward some suggestions.
  4. To tackle/ cure / deal with/ cope with the problem of + n., + I will put forward the following recommendations. (為了解決…問題,我會提出以下建議)
  5. 序數詞, / 連接詞 + I suggest/advise/propose/recommend that + SVO. (我提議)
  6. 序數詞, /  連接詞, + it is good / advantageous (for sbdy) to do sthg (…是有好處的)
  7. By / Through + n. / v. + ing, + sbdy + can + do sthg
  8. Sbdy + can + do sthg  by / through +  n. / v. + ing (通過)

寫作部份九:結論

  1. In conclusion, / To conclude, + SVO (總括來說)
  2. In sum, / To sum up, + SVO (總括來說)

Letter to the editor

letter to the editor 格式

正所謂主角永遠最後出場,所以受千呼萬喚、擁有極高人氣的重中之重 – Letter to the editor (給編輯的一封信) 就是今期要介紹的實用文寫作格式。相信各位DSE考生對 Letter to the editor 都不會陌生,因為它就是卷二和卷三的一位常客。今期筆者就會為大家詳細介紹及解釋在寫作 Letter to the editor – 給編輯的信時需要注意的地方,希望大家日後見到它的時候不在徬徨而是因為熟悉並感到快樂!!

letter to the editor 格式

DSE Letter to the Editor 格式

Letter to the Editor,名副其實是一封信,雖然不是指郵寄的那些信件但是 letter to the editor 格式 其實就是一封書信,所以自然包括上款、下款及內文。

e.g.

Dear Editor,

  1. opening
  2. 內文 (points + 過度段)
  3. 駁論(不一定需要)
  4. ending

Yours faithfully,

XXX

Letter to the editor 格式 千篇一律,基本上都是一樣的,所以只要緊記格式就不需要另作改變,更不要另外自行創作!!!

DSE letter to the editor 寫作技巧

1. Letter to the editor opening

Step 1: 特別身份 + 目的

  • As a regular reader of your column who takes heed of the prevalent trend in cosmetic surgery, I am writing to bring to the public’s attention the seriousness of such a phenomenon.
  • As a concerned member of society, I am writing to express my opinion on
  • As a parent myself, I am writing to draw the attention of the readers to…

Step 2: 背景

  • another article, a survey, a report
  • While flicking through the newspapers, it is not uncommon that we are overwhelmed with the news about miserable little creatures being tortured by their wicked owners.
  • There is a diverse spectrum of opinions of 名詞.
  • The advocates cling to the idea … while critics point their fingers at  名詞
  • Divergent as people’s views on this issue in question may be, I am in favour of the idea because its benefits outweigh its drawbacks.

2. Letter to the editor 內文

主題句 + (               )

The first point that I would like to focus on is (that)+ sentence

另一點我想集中談的是+句子

萬用句式

  • Arguably, 句子
  • By minimizing public exposure to this surgery can such an obsession with plastic surgery be mitigated.
  • This exemplifies the loss of personal judgment for those who have an obsession with physical beauty.
  • It has long been acknowledged that 句子
  • In the same vein, undergoing plastic surgery is tantamount to exchanging our faces for banknotes.
  • Most of the activities, if not all, are confined to traditional ball games: basketball, volleyball, football badminton, just to name but a few
  • Many people tend to bury their heads in the sand when it comes to violence against animals.
  • Depressing yet common as it seems, many students put their heads down on desks and take a nap during lessons.
  • Will the lessons become more interesting and enlightening after waking up one hour later? The answer is an emphatic no. 

過渡段

  1. 承上

Solving the above problem/issue may appear to be a hollow talk. 

  1. 啟下

Having delved into the root of the problem, I have conjured up two concrete suggestions.

3. Letter to the editor 駁論 (視乎題目,不一定需要)

  • Critics put forth the idea that ___. However, I am certain that this is not the case
  • This argument may seem reasonable on the surface, but upon closer inspection, it does not hold.

4. Letter to the editor ending

  1. 總結

I hope that this letter may shed some light on our dissatisfaction/our anger. 

  1. 期望

It is earnest hope that our classmates’ opinions are taken into consideration so that our concerted efforts can make our campus more vibrant (動力).

So what do you prefer, gold or banknotes, inner beauty or physical beauty? Make your wise choice.

Informal Letter

在解說 Informal Letter 格式之前先解釋 Informal Letter 會用在哪裡,Informal Letter 通常是寫給朋友或認識的人。Letter of advice是比較常見的一種,行文語氣可以直接一點。

Informal Letter 格式

以下有幾點同學們需要在書寫時注意的:

  • 上款可以直接寫收件人名字,例如Dear Michael/Dear Maggie
  • 可以用縮寫,例如I’m, you’re, we’re等
  • 下款比較多樣化,可以用Best regards/Regards/Take care/Best wishes等

Informal Letter Sample
HKDSE English 2016 Q9

Learning English through Drama 

As a Form Six Student, you are considering educational opportunities after your HKDSE. One option you have selected is the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, as you want to take up an acting career. However, your parents would like you to pursue an academic subject at another institution.

As the deadline for submitting the application is approaching, write an email to your parents, who are now on an overseas trip, to convince them to support your choice.

Informal Letter 範文 上款

Dear Mom and Dad,

Informal Letter 範文 部份一

  1.   問候對方

How are the two of you enjoying the trip to Japan

  1.   談及對方旅程

Now is around the blooming season of cherry blossom and I bet the view is captivating and breathtaking. I wish I could be with you enjoying a moment of relaxation and tranquility and be away from the hustle and bustle of Hong Kong. 

  1.   表明寫信目的

The deadline for submitting the application for HKAPA is around the corner. Despite the countless conversation as to how I should further my studies we have had before, I still can’t help thinking about pursuing my all-time passion – acting.

Informal Letter 範文 部份二

  1.   標題句
I’m sure you know better than anyone that my love for acting has been growing over the years and there is nothing that motivates me quite the way acting does. 
  1.   詳細解釋
From the drama club at school to the teenage acting classes at HKAPA, I have devoted a significant portion of my time on honing my acting skills. If anything, it would be the study of other academic subjects that deprives me of the precious time to enhance my acting skills and transform myself into an all-round actor. Acting has long been an integral and indispensable part of my life that I can’t possibly live without, which is why I would wholeheartedly want to follow my ambition and dream, however difficult the path would be. To be honest, there are few things as satisfying as achieving a sense of accomplishment from dedicating myself entirely to acting, say when I finally managed to interpret not only the outer emotions but also the inner conflicts of a character who faces a dilemma changing his life. 
  1. 總結句
That’s why I have determined to enroll in the HKAPA instead of furthering my studies at one of the universities in Hong Kong.

Informal Letter 範文 部份三

  1.   標題句
One of the biggest concerns you two have is the career prospects of an actor in terms of job security, income and opportunities. 
  1.   詳細解釋
From a practical point of view, I fully understand the need to take into consideration the many aspects of my career other than my passion for acting. Planning for my future, I did some research and found out that it might not be as unpromising as you think. As a matter of fact, Hong Kong has transformed from solely being a financial centre to a society that attaches importance to arts and culture. So the government is more determined than ever to allocate more resources into reviving the cultural industry by constructing the West Kowloon Cultural district. Coupled with the fact that more TV licences will be issued in the near future, there is little doubt that high quality actors would be highly sought after. After studying at the HKAPA, I can first become an actor of plays before joining a local television station and becoming a prominent actor of soap operas. 
  1. 總結句
Choosing HKAPA will essentially open up all sorts of possibilities for me to study acting and pursue my lifelong passion.

Informal Letter 範文 部份四

  1.   相反觀點
To live up to your expectation, I would have to study one of those professional subjects like accounting, law and medicine. You may say that these programmes would pave the way for a promising and lucrative future. 
  1.   反駁
However, doing so will mean that I will never be spiritually fulfilled. It’s my belief that choosing a university programme I am not enthusiastic about will sap my motivation to succeed. Even though being an actor could mean financial instability at the early stages of my career, I’m convinced that all the ups and downs I would experience along the way would define and shape who I really am. When I am doing what I really enjoy, it seems like I am more motivated than anyone else in the world and failures will only be intriguing challenges in the beautiful journey of pursuing my dream. I will watch numerous videos to discover my flaws in acting; I will participate in countless training sessions and rehearsal in order to perfect my acting skills; I will learn from my idols so as to become as brilliant as one of them. 
  1. 總結句
This is the power of dreams and serves as the locomotive for constantly improving myself.

Informal Letter 範文 部份五

  1. 結束信件
To be an actor is my lifelong passion and dream. More than that, it has become the meaning of my life, so I would do everything possible to achieve it. 
  1. 勸勉對方
I hope you all will understand my crave for acting. After all, I need the support from all of you to make the ultimate decision. Stay safe in Japan and I look forward to your reply.

Informal Letter 範文 下款

Best wishes,

Chris

DSE 格式 2: Article

Article 格式

明白到考DSE 都很可能需要寫專欄文章 (article) ,而其他文體都有他們既定的格式,例如:report, proposal, letter to the editor等等,因此,有些學生都會想學article 格式。不過,很殘酷的現實就是,專欄文章(article)基本上是無格式可言的。article只有一個小小的格式限制,就是要為article加上標題(title)。所以,記住有article,有title。那麼,究竟要如何寫好article呢?現在送你4大技巧!

Article 格式

如何寫好Article ?

在DSE英文卷中,我們通常被要求寫作或在題目中所閱讀的都是較為非正式的文章📩,好比平常在報紙上所見的文章和社評,相比其他學術性的作品較為輕鬆,那麼在寫作文章時到底有什麼需要特別注意呢?又有什麼技巧?以下便為大家逐一詳述。

技巧1:多用you與讀者互動

來到DSE英文卷的常見寫作格式,筆者仍然不厭其煩向大家提醒語境意識在寫作時的重要性。就如第四點的留言角色而言:

e. g. 活動的宣傳文章
After reading all these features, aren’t you excited and interested in? If so, what are you waiting for? Sign in and join us !!!

例如在文末加上這些文字可以令人感覺有跟隨文章的語境意識走向,而非單純即興創作☠️。

技巧2: 開玩笑

相信每一個人都有試過在背好多深字深句,但寫作好像沒有進步過,那麼如何避免這種情況發生在改卷老師身上令自己的分數被扣減呢?答案就是開玩笑。在文章裏頭適當地加入一些小幽默可以令到文章更加生動與讀者產生互動。

例子:
I guess no one hates sleeping in class, right?

技巧3:善用問題

各位同學、各位考生必須要清楚一件事,文章(Article)以專業性而言並不強,因此在寫作文章時如何能夠成功地吸引讀者註意並且有意閱讀你所寫作的文章便成為了其中一個重點。在試卷中能夠靈活使用問題,吸引改卷老師的注意,令他成為一名「讀者」,對你的文章感興趣便是一個得分重點。

e. g.
Have you ever wondered … ?
Do you know … ?
Have you heard of … ?

技巧4:爆秘密

告訴讀者你要「爆秘密」,以此吸引讀者!

e. g.
What are the secrets behind the free collection?

you may wonder why / what are the secrets behind?

技巧5:留意角色

一般而言,文章的用途十分廣泛,所以題目大多都會安排相關的角色給予同學或考生,所以同學在答卷時必須打醒十二分精神,清楚留意自己現在所扮演的角色而進行寫作,否則可能有離題的嫌疑。

例如在文末加上這些文字可以令人感覺有跟隨文章的語境意識走向,而非單純即興創作☠️。

2020 DSE English Paper 2
5** Article 真跡

2020 writing 部分一:The city’s hottest restaurant

Article 格式

Have you heard of Dim Sum One? Chances are, you have.

你聽說過Dim Sum One嗎?很有可能,你有。

Publicly endorsed by renowned food critic Choi Lan, the opening of the daring dim sum fusion restaurant has become the talk of the town.

在著名美食評論家崔瀾的公開認可下,大膽的點心融合餐廳的開業成為小鎮的話題。

Speaking of why I decided to book our family a table for Mother’s Day, I blamed all of my friends who kept on posting mouthwatering photos of their food on social media – we were all tired of drooling on our phones!

說到為什麼我決定為母親節預訂一張桌子,我責怪我所有的朋友,他們不斷在社交媒體上發佈令人垂涎的食物照片 – 我們都厭倦了在手機上流口水!

So, did Dim Sum One live up to its high expectations of meshing Eastern and Western culinary conventions? Read on to find out!

那麼,點心一號是否達到了其將東西方烹飪慣例融合在一起的高期望呢?請繼續閱讀以找出答案!

DSE 格式 3: Speech

Speech 格式

不知不覺,我們已經來到了英文卷二卷三常見實用文寫作格式. 今期筆者將為大家分享另一個實用文格式 – speech 格式 。至於如何可以成功寫作一篇好的演講辭,贏得所有聽眾的歡心? 筆者就立刻為大家介紹寫作技巧及 speech 格式 的注意事項。

DSE Speech

speech是一種涉及與聽眾交談或進行演示的交流。 總統講話是演講的一個例子。不過 DSE English paper 2/paper 3 不會那麼嚴肅的!但DSE英文卷二卷三已經較少表明要求學生寫speech,反而會轉另一字,例如:announcement in morning assembly。學生們要感受到DSE想大家寫類近speech的文體,當然DSE對 Speech 格式 都有少少要求,這個在其後向大家展示!

Speech 格式

Writing Speech 格式

speech 格式

Good morning principal, teachers and fellow students, 視乎有咩人起度

  1. opening
  2. 內文 (points)
  3. ending

Thank you

Speech 格式 千篇一律,基本上都是一樣的(debate speech 格式 會在這個基礎上增加一些格式條件),所以只要緊記格式就不需要另作改變,更不要另外自行創作!!!

DSE English Speech 寫作技巧

1. Speech 引言

Step 1: 打招呼

Good morning Principal, teachers and my fellow schoolmates,

Step 2: 表明身份

As __________________ , I am honoured to extend a warm welcome to you all. I would like to share with you about 名詞.

Step 3: 進入主題

Without further ado (廢話少數), let’s dive right into it. In today’s speech, I’d like to highlight 3 major points, including A, B and C.

2. Speech 內文

Step 1 主題句 

Step 2 RICE 

Step 3: 搶分位

1. 問5** 問題

If we violate school rules, we will receive punishment like staying after school while teachers meet our parents. Do you want to spend your precious time  staying in a vacant classroom to wait for the end of your punishment or playing basketball happily with your friends on the basketball court (情景)? It is important for us to follow the school rules in order to have an enjoyable school life. 

2. 代入角色

Level 5 **

As a former student at ABC College, I’m quite sure you haven’t pondered over these benefits but I think we will be more confident and when gaining peer recognition and acceptance, won’t we?

3. 畫面大法

Level 5*: 

Our school doesn’t allow using mobile phones during lessons. Following the school rules can lead us to success. Imagine when you are concentrating in class, some annoying sound from a mobile phone distracts you.

You can imagine the joy of hanging out with friends; you can imagine the joy of working hard together; you can imagine the joy of achieving common goals. 

Level 5**

Step 1: Picture this scene: a group of naughty students are eating when the teacher is talking; some classmates are using their phones while others are conducting an experiment in the laboratory; several boys are using foul languages when chatting. What do you think? Would  you like to study in such a school? Do you want your schoolmates to be one of them?  

Step 2: Great, I see that many of you are shaking your heads.

問問題
  • Have you wondered why 句子? 
  • What would you do if you were me?
短句
  • Just go for it!
  • Stay tuned! 
  • Don’t waver.
代入
  • I bet all of you share a similar experience.
  • At this point, you probably wonder 名詞
  • You may wonder why 句子

Step 4: 總結句

  • As you can see, 句子
  • To wrap up, 句子

3. Speech 結論

Step 1: In a nutshell, 句子

Step 2: the motion must (not) stand

DSE Writing
Speech 3大原則

1. 語境意識

相信大家都不會陌生了,又是我們的老朋友 – 語境意識。由於是演講辭,一般而言它的作用在於向一群聽眾發表演說,所以它所採取的為informal的格式,不會在用詞或寫作上過份認真和深究。可以說,它其中的一個目的報求令到演講者能夠成功傳達訊息外,聽眾也不會睡著。 當然演講辭也有機會被用作一個嚴肅莊嚴的場合所以寫作時也不能過份輕鬆,必先留意題目給予的角色再作定論。

2. 搞笑

無錯,大家無聽錯就是搞笑。基於演講辭不是一篇formal的寫作,而且需要吸引既定聽眾的注意力,所以不會有更好的方法能夠達成目標,除了搞笑。不過要切記,這裏所提及的搞笑並不是你現實生活中所開的玩笑,畢竟你在寫作的時候,你身處於一個考試之中,所以你必須考慮你所寫的這個玩笑,改卷老師是否能看懂。因此最佳的建議狀況,是寫作一些並不好笑但輕鬆易明的玩笑,務求向改卷老師展現你有寫作演講辭的寫作技巧而且他不會誤會你。例如在玩笑過後加上一句 “Just kidding”這樣便可以萬無一失了。

3. 問問題

青少年,時時刻刻都要保持好奇心,要做「問題青年」,而寫作演講辭就是一個好好的途徑去抒發你的問題。除了搞笑,問問題引起別人的思考也是吸引聽眾注意力的一個方法。問題可以加在演講辭的任何一個部分,可以是開首利用問題引起注意,也可以是內文部分問問題加強聽眾的共鳴,也可以在文末問問題引起反思和扣題。透過問問題,你的演講辭便能夠進一步展現互動性不會過於沉悶及單一。

  • Have you heard of …?
  • Do you know..? 
  • Have you ever thought of …?

總括而言,演講辭的寫作雖然輕鬆,但是有很多值得注意的地方可以區分出你的寫作與他人的分別。最重要的還是熟讀題目按題目的要求寫出合適的演講辭,而加上不同的元素配合主題,能夠隨機應變,配合不同主題而寫作才是考驗你們的功力所在。

DSE English Speech Sample

2021 DSE Writing Part A 5** speech 範文

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份一

Good morning, Principal, teachers and fellow students.

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份二

If I were to ask you what the large tragedy of 2020 was, what would you say? Perhaps the unfortunate cancellation of the annual school fair last year? Well, if that’s the case, fear not, as I am incredibly proud to announce that our annual school fair will be making a comeback on 29th May 2021 from 12 pm to 4 pm! So, why should you go? Listen on to find out! 

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份三

The day will start with a “bang” at the food stalls, so forget lunch and come stuff yourself silly instead! Our Home Economic club has been teasing us with utterly delectable Takoyaki balls, filled to the brim with fresh octopus, covered with a truly decadent mozzarella and goat cheese sauce. Be careful, or else you might find yourself literally speechless and tongue-tied by octopus tentacle – that’s just how fresh they are (just kidding)! Have an insatiable sweet tooth? Check out the dessert booth and be on the lookout for the chocolate custard tarts, with a scrumptious core of white chocolate. Bon appetit! 

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份四

The next activity worth stopping by to at least watch is the alumni football match. Did you know that Hong Kong’s rising super star, Keung To is an alumni of our school? Sign up for the match, and you might be able to play with, or against him! We also have no shortage of teachers who also happen to have studied here, and are trembling in excitement to relive and reminisce on their youth, filled with laughter and merriment. If you are interested in seeing if your football skills measure up to our staff, do come and join us. Each match will be a 30-minute mini match, with seven people on each team, and as a twist, two footballs! What an amazing way to burn excess calories from the food stalls, don’t you think so?

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份五

Unfortunately, for the above can become reality, we need your help. We couldn’t have made each school fair a success without help from our student volunteers and this year isn’t going to be an exception either. Before you think that you’re an untalented potato who would be more harm than help, I’ll have you know that everyone can do something to help! For you, artistic talented people, who I have no idea how you transform paint into masterpieces, lend us a hand with the decorations! You know I can’t draw a flower even if my life depended on it. If you’re so persuasive that nobody has ever been able to refuse to share their treasured snakes with you, go and bring in the largest crowd Banyan School has ever seen in history to the school fair! Make sure that everyone shows up! Lastly, for all of you glitters including me, who live to eat and tail in pursuit of gastronomic delight, do go and help out in the Home Economics Club’s kitchen. After all, taste-testing is what makes a great chef!

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份六

“So Chris, how do I sign up?” For a measly $10, you can buy a ticket. Everyone, including all past and present pupils, teachers, friends, and family are welcome, so invite your friends from other schools, so you can show off your good fortune of attending this school. If you would like to volunteer, or have any questions, do contact me at chriswong@hkbs.edu. I look forward to seeing all of you! Thank you!

DSE 格式 4: Report

Report 格式

明白到考DSE 都可能需要寫報告 (Report) 。大多時候大家都沒有留意到答題過程中其實有很多陷阱位與得分位。有見及此,今天筆者會分期為大家整理DSE英文卷2及卷3中各款常見寫作格式:report writing 格式。而且還會教你3大技巧寫好report!

Report 格式

英文 report 格式

Step 1:Suitable title

  一般而言,都會要求考生為報告配上一個合適的標題,而考生都為之煩惱,其實簡易一句便可。

  1. A Report on ___________
  2. An Investigation into ___________
  3. An Analysis of ___________

  “簡單就是美” 不必花巧,能夠得分便是真理,只要緊記務必在題目要求下加上標題即可。

Step 2:引言

1. 背景

This has set the backdrop of ….. 

2. 定義

Prior to our study, the definition of 名詞 will first be explored: 句子…….

3. 目的

Given that 句子, this report aims to explore the reasons…, and propose measures …..

Step 3:內文

萬用句式

  • The majority / minority of the respondents expressed approval / disapproval of ___

  • This fact illustrates / indicates that ___

目的

  • With a view to

  • In hopes of

  • For the sake of

  • For the purpose of

  • In an attempt to

強調

Nothing short of a pressure cooker (正正就是)

每段總結句

  • It is crystal clear that

  • Conceivably, 句子

轉折句

In the hope of fostering a more compassionate and inclusive society for young people in Hong Kong, there are several crucial stakeholders responsible for ironing out this problem.

Step 4:總結

  • On the whole, ___
  • The main conclusion that can be drawn is that, ___
  • On the basis of the survey findings mentioned above, it would seem that ___

DSE 格式 5: Proposal

proposal 格式

除了報告 (Report), 建議書(proposal)是另一款寫作的常見格式,而且它的格式與報告其實十分相似。有見及此,今次小編會為大家指出在書寫建議書時有什麼值得注意的地方及需要留意的得分位、及陷阱位。

DSE Proposal 格式

proposal 格式

Proposal 格式 1. 標題

與報告 (Report) 一樣,大多數時候都要為建議書加上一個合適的標題,所以考生只需要緊貼題目內容,為建議書配上一個簡單易明的標題即可,不建議追求精美及花巧,以免弄巧成拙。

Proposal for …….

Proposal 格式 2. 內容結構

與報告 (Report) 一樣

Introduction

Idea 1

Idea 2

Idea 3

Conclusion

適宜把每一個建議清楚分開,再逐個加入詳盡解釋不應把每個建議混為一談。

Proposal 格式 3. 小標題

建議書,顧名思義向某人提出建議以尋求改善問題,所以文章的內容結構應該整潔簡短,不宜出現“長氣”的情況,在proposal 格式 上,各位都可以善用小標題。例如:

  1. Introduction
  2. Backgrounds
  3. Recommendations 
  4. Conclusions

DSE Proposal 寫作技巧

1. proposal 引言

Step 1: 背景

  • In hopes of addressing/ alleviating the recent issue of X,
  • As part of our school’s recent initiative to encourage more students to read,

In anticipation of / in advance of the launch of X,

Step 2: 目的

  • [解釋] This proposal aims / seeks / strives to (努力) explain in detail the 名詞
  • [介紹] This proposal outlines / sets out / provides a blueprint that 句子

The primary / main / central aim of this proposal is to show / illustrate / adumbrate (預示) our vision for名詞

Step 3: 過渡

  • We will, first of all, cover the core design, before then considering, both the budget and the parties involved [Level 4]
  • Included within this proposal is an in-depth walkthrough of our project execution plan, our budget, and our timeline for implementation. [名詞] [Level 5+]

Our proposal leaves no stone unturned (不遺餘力) and provides you with an in-depth walkthrough, in terms of X (e.g. venues), Y (e.g. sponsors), and Z (e.g. ticketing). [Level 5**]

2. Proposal 內文

Problem (問題)

[Recent Issue]

  • It is observed by X that the vast majority of students are lazy 
  • The particular issue (that) we are facing involves / centres around 名詞
  • The issue of X is a hurdle / problem / pitfall that must be swiftly overcome / navigated.

 

[Action]

  • In the light of this / In recognition of this, the Student Union proposes to roll out / introduce / devise the plan [名詞]
  • To cater for / accommodate the needs of X, we are now proposing to implement measure Y.

Details / Activities (活動詳情)

什麼
  • The activity will comprise / be constituted of three parts: A (am), B (noon) and C (pm).
  • Students engage in      ongoing / recurrent / open-ended series of monthly sports weekends.
  • According to our proposal, Area X will be transformed into / revamped as a new Y.
幾時
  • We envisage the event will take place over the course of two days, preferably be held during weekends.
  • The first edition of the newsletter will be sent out on the [date], and then on the final [day] of each month subsequent to that.
地方
  • The pilot scheme (              ) will be trialed in our school laboratory over the 2021-2022 school year
  • The [venue, e.g. local youth centre] has been chosen as the venue for the inaugural / first / initial event.
  • Of all the available venues, 地方 would appear to be the most suitable for the proposed event.
目的

Our proposed event / plan is designed in a way  intended

  • to bridge the gap between X and Y
  • to encourage / incentivize / spur on (激勵) you to do something
  • to nurture a more harmonious relationship between

3. proposal 結論

Step 1. 展望

  • We are positive that this proposed measure will provide an  antidote (n. 解毒劑) to the problem
  • This proposal will be the first step toward unlocking the full potential of 名詞 (e.g. our team / firm) and will assuredly lead to more synergetic        outcomes for years to come
  • Our proposal is radical / provocative, but we have every        confidence/ reason to believe that it will improve X for the better.

Step 2. 對象/背景

  • We would be grateful if you could kindly consider our proposal
  • Any favourable consideration of our proposal would be much appreciated

Step 3. 行動

We would appreciate it if you could give our proposal some thought and grant it your approval.

DSE Proposal 語境意識

每逢寫作都必須注意自己的角色,以表達出最正確的語境意識。如同在寫作建議書時,需多加留意自己的地位和身份,因為多數的建議書都是從下級為上級而寫,因此語氣及表達的方式必須彬彬有禮,以免有失身份。

e.g. 

作為學生會主席,為學校的一些問題而向校長撰寫建議書,需要留意自己學生會主席的角色可以在文章加入一些有關學生會主題的言辭,務求令文章更能融入預設的背景。

DSE Proposal 生子表

普通文章

Proposal

Related to

pertaining to

 

 

put forward the following proposal

 

explain

expound

 

About

revolve around

 

I suggest

It is proposed that

 

 

is expected to

 

before

prior to

 

Ask

solicit

 

Agree/support

endorse

 

Not straightforward

far from straightforward

In the light of this / In recognition of this

 

 

with utmost expediency (n. 權宜之計)

 

DSE Proposal 範文

題目

Learning English through Social Issues

Many people say that Hong Kong’s education system stifles creativity and they argue that this may pose a danger to our city’s development. Write a proposal to the Secretary of Education recommending three activities or programmes the schools in the territory can run to make education creative.

Proposal Sample 部分一

Proposal for Creative Education for Schools

Proposal Sample 部分二

(介紹) 帶出題目

Creativity is valuable as it synthesizes innovations and brings improvements and changes to society. Nevertheless, Hong Kong’s education system has come under fire for throttling creativity and some are concerned about the dangers this may pose to the development of this international metropolis. Indeed, the curriculum is more practical than romantic. Many students emphasize memorization, repetitive practices and examination skills in a bid to become high flyers. Seldom are students willing to take the risk of thinking out of the box as high marks are not guaranteed.

介紹寫作目的

In the light of all these problems, I would like to recommend three programmes that schools can run to stimulate students’ creativity and make education more creative.

Proposal Sample 部分三:Putting up a creativity wall

建議

To commence with, I suggest that schools should build a large wall for students to write or draw freely on.

建議詳情

Depending on the campus’ design, the wall, or simply a very gigantic white board, can be located where most students gather, be it near the playground, beside the basketball court or next to the tuck shop. Markers and post-it in different colours will be provided. Every week, the school can propose a new topic or area of discussion to stimulate students’ thinking. “What else is in the universe?”, “Create a new season for the earth!”, “What will the world be like in 1000 years?” are all appealing topics that students can respond to creatively either by words, poetry, or drawing. By the end of every week, representatives from a designated class can give a presentation in the assembly on what ideas fascinate their class the most. 

建議好處

Not only will the “Creativity Wall” spark off ideas for individuals, but it will also encourage students to discuss creative ideas among themselves as well through interactive process of reading others’ thoughts and responding. It is within our anticipation that numerous innovative ideas can be generated by the students.

Proposal Sample 部分四:Running a lyric rewriting and singing contest

建議

Furthermore, it would be advisable for schools to organize a lyric rewriting contest. 

建議詳情

In the contest, students can select a melody from a repertoire of pop songs and rewrite the lyrics under such themes as love, friendship and nature. Students who have talent in composing could even create the melody. It should be noted that not only are lyrics a reflection of culture, they are also a form of literature as well. Students, for instance, need to think how to add spice and sparks to the lyrics, during which their writing skills can be honed. Rewriting the lyrics, however, is not all. Students are further required to, either individually or in groups, perform the songs they write and upload a video onto social networking sites like Facebook and Youtube.

建議好處

It is noteworthy that music brings hope and merriment to us and many teenagers are captivated by its power. The “likes” they can get reflect their efforts and serve as an encouragement and an incentive for them to write creatively and sing beautifully. The video with the greatest number of “likes” will win the competition. Students, who will both be the contestants and the judges, will definitely find the contest appealing.

Proposal Sample 部分五:Holding a video skit-writing competition

建議

Last but not least, schools are recommended to hold skit-writing competitions annually.

建議詳情

From creating a story line to laying out the setting and designing the costumes; from shooting from an appropriate angle to acting the script out; from selecting the background music going along with the plot to editing the videos with special effects – these are all creative techniques a video skit-writing competition requires students to possess. 

建議好處

In the skit-writing competition, it is of paramount significance for students to cooperate and discuss with other students in the process, meaning that their inter-personal skills could be sharpened. This is in line with the very principle of all-round education. Besides, to make the competition more enticing, the winning pieces can be put on the website of the schools as an encouragement to students. With a view to capturing students’ interest, social media can also be utilized as a platform for judging and sharing as well, and its benefits are mentioned in the previous section. All in all, students can benefit enormously from this activity.

Proposal Sample 部分六:

(總結) 總結好處

Not only can the above-mentioned activities stimulate creativity, they can also encourage interactive discussions and raise students’ interest in different topics, which can further inspire ideas. 

慨嘆學生缺乏創意

Students are humans, not robots. Sad to say, hardly can Hong Kong students think innovatively despite their brilliant scores in international examinations. Failing to overhaul the ossified education system today, our city will merely produce diligent workers working for innovative leaders of foreign companies.

期望對方採納建議

Thank you very much for your kind attention and I hope that schools can consider my simple and effective suggestions, making education and learning more creative and fascinating. The beneficiaries will no doubt be our students, and most importantly, Hong Kong.

希望這部分可以幫助你了解 proposal 格式 以及寫好proposal的技巧!

DSE 格式 6: 網誌 ( Blog entry)

「網誌」指的是一種線上日記的個人網站,雖然網誌在眾多實用文格式中可謂自由度最高,難道也可算作最低,不過在寫作的時候仍然有很多需要注意的位置,一不留神,分數被扣減便不值得了。

以下便是五個需要留意的位置:

I. 標題

無論在寫作什麼,都需要讓人知道你的主題是什麼,這個時候一個合適的標題便是您最好的選擇。因此在寫作網誌時最好加上一個適當的標題,如果題目一早給予了標題的話,便須確保你寫作的內容跟標題互相呼應,以避免離題。

II. 日期

因為網誌是一種線上日記,所以擁有高自由度,就如自己平日寫日記一樣,日期是可以加上或不加上的,並沒有硬性規定是格式的一部分。不過若然題目已經給予日期并要求加上,就必須緊記加上日期。

III. 上下款

雖然網誌是一種個人的線上日記,但畢竟在線上發放,所以仍然有預期的觀眾,由此網誌的上下款跟日期一樣,是選擇性質的,可以寫可以不寫,除非題目固定要求寫作,否則可以不浪費筆墨。(可能你的網誌在線上根本沒有人觀看呢)

IV. 小標題

有人會話有標題就一定會有小標題,因為小標題的運用令文章段落可以更清晰,更整潔。錯!大錯特錯!網誌寫的是個人故事、個人經歷,不同於一般的文章,更屬於一種個人的抒發,又何來需要小標題的分隔呢?尤其是在寫故事的時候。

V. 語境意識

又到一期一次的語境意識環節,由於網誌的自由度極高而且屬個人寫作的文體,所以寫作時需要採取的是非正式的態度,而非formal,所以在用字上需要多加留意,不要只顧追求使用深奧的生字,需要貼及真實所需。況且在寫作的時候也適宜增加一些與讀者的互動,例如提問題,畢竟這是網誌可供他人線上閱讀。

以上就是6大 DSE 格式 。DSE卷二卷三通殺!熟讀 DSE 格式 絕對有助提升大家 writing & integrated task 的分數!

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,DSE英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook page得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上https://spencerlam.hk 了解更多!

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