Speech 格式 【懶人包】3大原則教你寫好speech!

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

Speech 格式

不知不覺,我們已經來到了英文卷二卷三常見實用文寫作格式. 今期筆者將為大家分享另一個實用文格式 – speech 格式 。至於如何可以成功寫作一篇好的演講辭,贏得所有聽眾的歡心? 筆者就立刻為大家介紹寫作技巧及 speech 格式 的注意事項。

DSE Speech

speech是一種涉及與聽眾交談或進行演示的交流。 總統講話是演講的一個例子。不過 DSE English paper 2/paper 3 不會那麼嚴肅的!但DSE英文卷二卷三已經較少表明要求學生寫speech,反而會轉另一字,例如:announcement in morning assembly。學生們要感受到DSE想大家寫類近speech的文體,當然DSE對 Speech 格式 都有少少要求,這個在其後向大家展示!

Speech 格式

Writing Speech 格式

speech 格式

Good morning principal, teachers and fellow students, 視乎有咩人起度

  1. opening
  2. 內文 (points)
  3. ending

Thank you

Speech 格式 千篇一律,基本上都是一樣的(debate speech 格式 會在這個基礎上增加一些格式條件),所以只要緊記格式就不需要另作改變,更不要另外自行創作!!!

DSE English Speech 寫作技巧

1. Speech 引言

Step 1: 打招呼

Good morning Principal, teachers and my fellow schoolmates,

Step 2: 表明身份

As __________________ , I am honoured to extend a warm welcome to you all. I would like to share with you about 名詞.

Step 3: 進入主題

Without further ado (廢話少數), let’s dive right into it. In today’s speech, I’d like to highlight 3 major points, including A, B and C.

2. Speech 內文

Step 1 主題句 

Step 2 RICE 

Step 3: 搶分位

1. 問5** 問題

If we violate school rules, we will receive punishment like staying after school while teachers meet our parents. Do you want to spend your precious time  staying in a vacant classroom to wait for the end of your punishment or playing basketball happily with your friends on the basketball court (情景)? It is important for us to follow the school rules in order to have an enjoyable school life. 

2. 代入角色

Level 5 **

As a former student at ABC College, I’m quite sure you haven’t pondered over these benefits but I think we will be more confident and when gaining peer recognition and acceptance, won’t we?

3. 畫面大法

Level 5*: 

Our school doesn’t allow using mobile phones during lessons. Following the school rules can lead us to success. Imagine when you are concentrating in class, some annoying sound from a mobile phone distracts you.

You can imagine the joy of hanging out with friends; you can imagine the joy of working hard together; you can imagine the joy of achieving common goals. 

Level 5**

Step 1: Picture this scene: a group of naughty students are eating when the teacher is talking; some classmates are using their phones while others are conducting an experiment in the laboratory; several boys are using foul languages when chatting. What do you think? Would  you like to study in such a school? Do you want your schoolmates to be one of them?  

Step 2: Great, I see that many of you are shaking your heads.

問問題
  • Have you wondered why 句子? 
  • What would you do if you were me?
短句
  • Just go for it!
  • Stay tuned! 
  • Don’t waver.
代入
  • I bet all of you share a similar experience.
  • At this point, you probably wonder 名詞
  • You may wonder why 句子

Step 4: 總結句

  • As you can see, 句子
  • To wrap up, 句子

3. Speech 結論

Step 1: In a nutshell, 句子

Step 2: the motion must (not) stand

DSE Writing
Speech 3大原則

1. 語境意識

相信大家都不會陌生了,又是我們的老朋友 – 語境意識。由於是演講辭,一般而言它的作用在於向一群聽眾發表演說,所以它所採取的為informal的格式,不會在用詞或寫作上過份認真和深究。可以說,它其中的一個目的報求令到演講者能夠成功傳達訊息外,聽眾也不會睡著。 當然演講辭也有機會被用作一個嚴肅莊嚴的場合所以寫作時也不能過份輕鬆,必先留意題目給予的角色再作定論。

2. 搞笑

無錯,大家無聽錯就是搞笑。基於演講辭不是一篇formal的寫作,而且需要吸引既定聽眾的注意力,所以不會有更好的方法能夠達成目標,除了搞笑。不過要切記,這裏所提及的搞笑並不是你現實生活中所開的玩笑,畢竟你在寫作的時候,你身處於一個考試之中,所以你必須考慮你所寫的這個玩笑,改卷老師是否能看懂。因此最佳的建議狀況,是寫作一些並不好笑但輕鬆易明的玩笑,務求向改卷老師展現你有寫作演講辭的寫作技巧而且他不會誤會你。例如在玩笑過後加上一句 “Just kidding”這樣便可以萬無一失了。

3. 問問題

青少年,時時刻刻都要保持好奇心,要做「問題青年」,而寫作演講辭就是一個好好的途徑去抒發你的問題。除了搞笑,問問題引起別人的思考也是吸引聽眾注意力的一個方法。問題可以加在演講辭的任何一個部分,可以是開首利用問題引起注意,也可以是內文部分問問題加強聽眾的共鳴,也可以在文末問問題引起反思和扣題。透過問問題,你的演講辭便能夠進一步展現互動性不會過於沉悶及單一。

  • Have you heard of …?
  • Do you know..? 
  • Have you ever thought of …?

總括而言,演講辭的寫作雖然輕鬆,但是有很多值得注意的地方可以區分出你的寫作與他人的分別。最重要的還是熟讀題目按題目的要求寫出合適的演講辭,而加上不同的元素配合主題,能夠隨機應變,配合不同主題而寫作才是考驗你們的功力所在。

DSE English Speech Sample

2021 DSE Writing Part A 5** speech 範文

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份一

Good morning, Principal, teachers and fellow students.

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份二

If I were to ask you what the large tragedy of 2020 was, what would you say? Perhaps the unfortunate cancellation of the annual school fair last year? Well, if that’s the case, fear not, as I am incredibly proud to announce that our annual school fair will be making a comeback on 29th May 2021 from 12 pm to 4 pm! So, why should you go? Listen on to find out! 

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份三

The day will start with a “bang” at the food stalls, so forget lunch and come stuff yourself silly instead! Our Home Economic club has been teasing us with utterly delectable Takoyaki balls, filled to the brim with fresh octopus, covered with a truly decadent mozzarella and goat cheese sauce. Be careful, or else you might find yourself literally speechless and tongue-tied by octopus tentacle – that’s just how fresh they are (just kidding)! Have an insatiable sweet tooth? Check out the dessert booth and be on the lookout for the chocolate custard tarts, with a scrumptious core of white chocolate. Bon appetit! 

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份四

The next activity worth stopping by to at least watch is the alumni football match. Did you know that Hong Kong’s rising super star, Keung To is an alumni of our school? Sign up for the match, and you might be able to play with, or against him! We also have no shortage of teachers who also happen to have studied here, and are trembling in excitement to relive and reminisce on their youth, filled with laughter and merriment. If you are interested in seeing if your football skills measure up to our staff, do come and join us. Each match will be a 30-minute mini match, with seven people on each team, and as a twist, two footballs! What an amazing way to burn excess calories from the food stalls, don’t you think so?

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份五

Unfortunately, for the above can become reality, we need your help. We couldn’t have made each school fair a success without help from our student volunteers and this year isn’t going to be an exception either. Before you think that you’re an untalented potato who would be more harm than help, I’ll have you know that everyone can do something to help! For you, artistic talented people, who I have no idea how you transform paint into masterpieces, lend us a hand with the decorations! You know I can’t draw a flower even if my life depended on it. If you’re so persuasive that nobody has ever been able to refuse to share their treasured snakes with you, go and bring in the largest crowd Banyan School has ever seen in history to the school fair! Make sure that everyone shows up! Lastly, for all of you glitters including me, who live to eat and tail in pursuit of gastronomic delight, do go and help out in the Home Economics Club’s kitchen. After all, taste-testing is what makes a great chef!

2021 DSE Writing Part A 部份六

“So Chris, how do I sign up?” For a measly $10, you can buy a ticket. Everyone, including all past and present pupils, teachers, friends, and family are welcome, so invite your friends from other schools, so you can show off your good fortune of attending this school. If you would like to volunteer, or have any questions, do contact me at chriswong@hkbs.edu. I look forward to seeing all of you! Thank you!

Debate Speech

辯論演講是兩個對立方之間就某個問題進行的正式對話。 一方贊成這個問題,而另一方則反對。 辯論演講的主要目標是說服聽眾你的觀點是正確的。

此外,以下是確定辯論演講定義的兩個主要組成部分:

背景描述了與該問題相關的地區正在發生的事情。

議案的精神解釋了你的論點將如何進行。
它由三個基本組件組成,如下所列。

  1. 邏輯一致性
  2. 事實正確性
  3. 情感訴求

另一方面,辯論演講可以幫助我們考慮許多觀點,同時也可以提高我們的公開演講能力。 它還可以幫助您掌握提出令人信服的論點的基礎知識。

而Debate Speech 格式與普通speech大同小異,只是有些字眼要轉為Debate Speech 專用的字眼。

不過Debate Speech的語境意識及行文風格則與普通大不相同!

Debate Speech 格式

Debate Speech 格式:

Good morning, adjudicators, the opponent team, ladies and gentlemen,

  1. opening (下面會再講debate speech相關字眼)
  2. 內文 (points)
  3. ending

Thank you

Debate speech 格式 也是千篇一律,基本上都是一樣的,但不要另外自行改英文字!!!

Debate Speech 寫作技巧

1. Debate Speech 引言

Step 1: 打招呼

Good morning, adjudicators, the opponent team, ladies and gentlemen,

Step 2: 表明身份 (用affirmative/negative)

I am Chris Wong, the captain of the affirmative team. 

Step 3: 引入主題 (用motion)

Today, it is my honour to be standing here to argue for the motion – “The policy of reporting students’ class position should be abolished.”

Step 4: 入戲

  1. To all the guests and students sitting here in the hall, can you still vividly recall your feelings when you last received (六何法)? 
  2. 3條問題? 
  3. While others contend that 句子 (相反立場), my team holds the firm belief that SVO

2. Debate Speech 內文

5**句式

  1. It is patently obvious that 句子
  2. Abolishing the ranking is the prerequisite for enhancing our system
  3. Ranks are merely evils suffocating students and the policy should be abolished in no time. = immediately 
  4. 萬用主題句: 
  • Among all the demerits of the system, the most noteworthy one is the fact that
  • On top of distorting the purpose of education, equally important is the fact that
  1. 分裂句: it is the system of revealing students’ ranks that distort the true meaning of education;
  2. They attach inordinate importance to the exams 
= They focus on exams 
  1. The results are far from satisfactory
= The results are not satisfactory
  1. 舉例: I am a striking example of this. 
= I am the example  = For example, 句子

駁論3步曲

Step 1: Our decent opponent team would counter my stance, contending that 句子 

對方立場

Step 2: Yet, such a claim is in fact ill-founded.

Step 3: I bet the opposition team has overlooked the importance of 名詞

正文

Step 4: With this in mind, the opponent’s argument cannot stand. 

3. Debate Speech 總結

Step 1: In a nutshell, 句子

Step 2: Therefore, today’s motion must (not) stand. Thank you!

DSE English Debate Speech Sample

2018 DSE Writing Q5 5** 範文

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份一

Good morning, adjudicators, the opponent team, ladies and gentlemen,

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份二

I am Chris Wong, the captain of the affirmative team. Today, it is my honour to be standing here to argue for the motion – “The policy of reporting students’ class position should be abolished.”

To all the guests and students sitting here in the hall, can you still vividly recall your feelings when you last received your report card with a long list of numbers indicating your position? Excited? Delighted? Deflated? Desperate? Are you satisfied with the fact that your academic 

While some contend that these numbers are good indicators that drive students’ improvements in school results, my team holds the firm belief that these ranks are merely evils suffocating students and the policy should be abolished in no time. My team have three points to make.

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份三

萬用主題句 Among all the demerits of the system, the most noteworthy one is the fact that class positions create distortion on the genuine purpose of education in students’ mind. 

Under the grade-fixated education system (Reasons) in Hong Kong, students attach inordinate importance to examinations as they believe that achieving academic excellence would guarantee them a spot in an elite university and thus a promising future. 

The notoriously demanding education system has already afflicted students for long, and the system of reporting students’ class positions has aggravated the phenomenon. Just imagine: after seeing these numbers in the report card, what would be your reaction? Probably to have a glimpse of the results of your classmates to make a comparison with them. (例子) If ones prevails over others, they will become complacent and the determination to keep this “elite status” will be ignited in their mind, (which makes=) making them work tooth and nail just to get an outstanding class position. Education would become a ranking game from their perspective, overshadowing the genuine meaning of education. (impacts 影響) If one loses this game against others, they will find themselves fallen into a dark abyss and deem themselves as failed individuals.(compare 比較) Hence, this system of reporting class positions would be favourable to churning out scoring machines, but not upholding the essence of education – to cultivate the all-round development of individuals.

With this in mind, this system should not be advocated. 

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份四

On top of distorting the purpose of education, equally important is the fact that the system of reporting students’ class positions is unfair to students, especially the senior form students. 

(reasons) As you all know, the New Senior Secondary curriculum allows students to opt for diversified electives and the combinations of electives are countless. While each subject may impose a different mode of assessment on students, it makes no sense to compare students’ class positions based on the average scores calculated using the marks of subjects of different realms. 

I am a striking example of this. As I am keen on language analysis, I chose Chinese Literature and English Literature as my electives. Yet, the scores obtained in exams are lower than those of science students, even though I topped the list among the students taking my electives last year. It turns out my class position is far from satisfactory. Does this imply that I didn’t perform well in exams? Does this imply others who are ranked higher than me are necessarily better than me? Obviously not.

Given that students take different electives in senior forms, the class positions mean nothing and should thus be abolished. 



2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份五

Here comes to our final argument – the system of reporting students’ positions will exacerbate the phenomenon of “Tiger Moms” in Hong Kong, ultimately putting huge strains on students. 主題句

 

Reasons: Our city is notorious for “Tiger Moms” and helicopter parents that exert massive pressure on their children, be it extra-curricular activities or academic results. As parents may not know much about the curriculum of the subjects and the daily performance of their children, the one and only indicator for them to evaluate their performance would be the class positions.

例子 – 引發共鳴 I am sure many of you sitting here have a similar experience. Dissatisfied and exasperated by the plunging class positions in your report cards, your parents scold you for not working industriously. As time goes by, they are increasingly demanding and compel you to do extra revision and an unreasonably large number of mock exam papers. Coupled with the long hours of schooling, you may feel so stressed that you have heated arguments with your parents. It is lamentable to see that such trivial numbers on report cards can ironically aggravate the pressure of students and even erode family harmony. 

Under this line of thinking, it is our team’s belief that the class position system should be abolished. 

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份六

Our decent opponent team would counter my stance, contending that class positions are driving forces for students to elevate their performance in exams. Such a belief is based on the assumption that scores do not mean anything as they cannot reflect our performance relative to other students and ranks are the best barometers for them to reflect on their shortcomings and initiate studying plans to improve their performance next time. 

Yet, such a claim is in fact ill-founded.

While it is acknowledged that scores do not reflect anything, I bet the opposition team has overlooked the importance of grades. Grading students into different distinct groups is already sufficient for them to realize the domains where they haven’t achieved well, while simultaneously will not impose tremendous burden on students and lead to vicious rivalries within classes as their actual rank is not revealed. 

With this in mind, the opponent’s argument cannot stand. 

2018 DSE Writing Q5 部份七

To conclude, it is the system of revealing students’ ranks that distort the true meaning of education; it is the system of exposing students’ class positions which creates unfairness for students; it is the system of showing class ranks on report cards that triggers the formation of Tiger Moms. (排比句) 

To the audience, do you want to see teenagers, who are the future pillars of society, to grow in such a pressurized environment? To all the adjudicators, would you want your children to be eroded by the vicious rivalries in schools? To all the students sitting here, do you want your success to be judged by numbers on report cards any more? It is patently obvious that abolishing the students’ class positions is the prerequisite for enhancing our problematic education system. Therefore, today’s motion must stand. Thank you!

希望這部分可以幫助你了解 speech / debate speech 格式 以及寫好speech / debate speech 的技巧!

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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