Report 格式 【懶人包】 3大絕技教您寫好report 【內附5**範文】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

Report 格式

明白到考DSE 都可能需要寫報告 (Report) 。大多時候大家都沒有留意到答題過程中其實有很多陷阱位與得分位。有見及此,今天筆者會分期為大家整理DSE英文卷2及卷3中各款常見寫作格式:report writing 格式。而且還會教你3大技巧寫好report!

Report 格式

英文 report 格式

Step 1:Suitable title

  一般而言,都會要求考生為報告配上一個合適的標題,而考生都為之煩惱,其實簡易一句便可。

  1. A Report on ___________
  2. An Investigation into ___________
  3. An Analysis of ___________

  “簡單就是美” 不必花巧,能夠得分便是真理,只要緊記務必在題目要求下加上標題即可。

Step 2:引言

1. 背景

This has set the backdrop of ….. 

2. 定義

Prior to our study, the definition of 名詞 will first be explored: 句子…….

3. 目的

Given that 句子, this report aims to explore the reasons…, and propose measures …..

Step 3:內文

萬用句式

  • The majority / minority of the respondents expressed approval / disapproval of ___

  • This fact illustrates / indicates that ___

目的

  • With a view to

  • In hopes of

  • For the sake of

  • For the purpose of

  • In an attempt to

強調

Nothing short of a pressure cooker (正正就是)

每段總結句

  • It is crystal clear that

  • Conceivably, 句子

轉折句

In the hope of fostering a more compassionate and inclusive society for young people in Hong Kong, there are several crucial stakeholders responsible for ironing out this problem.

Step 4:總結

  • On the whole, ___
  • The main conclusion that can be drawn is that, ___
  • On the basis of the survey findings mentioned above, it would seem that ___

Report 3大技巧

技巧1:語境意識

由於是報告,用作向他人匯報,所以在用詞及寫作上應該使用被動式而非主動。況且,一份報告應該呈現客觀持平的一面,而非帶有主觀的意見,所以在寫作報告時應該注意避免使用  “I”“You” 等用詞。

  1. It is reported that 句子
  2.  It is suggested that 句子
  3.   It is presented that 句子
  4.   noun (名詞) is requested to…

  雖然看似微不足道,卻是一些會輕易失分的陷阱位,只要能夠做好並改善,便可輕鬆取得分數。

技巧2:小標題

如何在密集的數據及分析中仍然可以保持清晰且有條理地表達所報告的內容? 答案好簡單,便是利用[小標題]

Introduction

-> The purpose of ……

Analysis of results

-> It is reported that ……

技巧3:上下款

報告真的只是一份報告,不要以為自己在寫作實用文或受到不同人名影響便加上下款,所以不要在緊張下犯下大錯。

DSE Report 5**範文

2017 DSE English Paper 2 Q.7 題目

Learning English through Social Issues

You are working on a project entitled ‘Hong Kong’s NEETs’. NEETs are young people who are not in education, employment or training. Many of these young people spend their time at home playing video games or surfing the Internet.

Write a report to explain why the number of NEETs in Hong Kong is rising and suggest what can be done to help these youths. Give reasons to support your suggestions.

2017 DSE English Paper 2 Q.7 5** 範文

Introduction

The need to address the growing concern over young people who are disengaged from mainstream learning and employment-related activities is recognized internationally. The acronym “NEET”, initially coined by the Social Exclusion Unit in the U.K. in 1999 refers to a person, aged between 16 and 24, who is “not in education, employment or training. It was subsequently adopted by and better known as “hikikomori” in Japan, and has since gained widespread usage in other Asian countries. In Hong Kong, the spike in local youth unemployment rate, from 5.5 percent in May 2016 to 7.1 percent in August 2016 has shed light on the gravity of the issue. In light of the recent uptick in the number of NEETs in the territory, this report sets out to identify and analyze the causes of this phenomenon and present corresponding suggestions based on a host of recent research studies, findings, and media reports.

Major Reasons for the Rising Number of NEETS in Hong Kong

段落一

The emergence of overprotective parents in Hong Kong without question accounts for the steep rise in the number of socially withdrawn youths in the city. In this fiercely competitive society, Hong Kong parents wish to retain complete control over every aspect of their children’s lives. They sign them up for a plethora of extra-curricular activities and make almost every decision for them over time, children become increasingly dependent on their parents for support and success and gradually develop low self-confidence. They are bound to buckle under pressure in the face of setbacks. Also, coupled with Hong Kong’s cutthroat education system in which the university acceptance rate remains steady at 18 percent every year, high school graduates who failed the public exam could easily sink into mire of withdrawal and isolation because they have lived their whole lives in a safe corner and going to university was their only goal. As a result, many of them, who are stigmatized as “failures” by society, are unable to bounce back from this defeat and start developing anti-social behavior and tendencies. They also lack the life skills and practical experiences to survive in the workplace due to limited employment opportunities in Hong Kong. Thus, it comes as no surprise that an increasing number of young people, who have overprotective parents and suffer from low self-esteem, prefer spending their time at home transfixed by the computer screen.

段落二

In addition, another overarching trigger for more Hong Kong’s NEETs in recent years, as touched on briefly above, is the lack of excellent training opportunities for young people. The city is no longer a fast-growing economic marvel it once was in the 1980s, and is instead fraught with slackening economic growth, aging population, and exorbitant costs of living, typical of a high-income society with a widening wealth gap. Hence, the academically inept and low-skilled youths are now a marginalized group in the city. Hong Kong’s tight labor market predominantly gravitates towards finance, property development, and trade-related industries. While it is already hard for struggling college graduates to land a desirable job that matches both their expectations and skillsets, it is even more difficult for those without post-secondary education to move up the social ladder. Therefore, low social mobility and a lack of opportunities for young people are what prompt them to retreat to their bedrooms and indulge in the virtual world away from the harsh realities of life.

Recommendations

段落一

In light of the rapidly expanding group of inactive youths in Hong Kong measures must be taken before this crisis amounts to widespread youth unemployment and disengagement. First and foremost, more resources should be directed towards identifying “at-risk” youths. More extensive outreach programs, especially online ones, need to be rolled out to reach academically incompetent students who are pessimistic and uncertain about their future. Social workers and teachers should try to engage them through online forums and social media. Since many research studies have shown that young people are more likely to open up online than via face-to-face interactions in real life, this approach would minimize their discomfort and social awkwardness. Apart from that, online career counseling could also be provided whenever necessary to help them identify their personal strengths and bolster their self-worth. This measure would empower young people and break the cycle of social exclusion by improving their social skills and offering them much-needed emotional support in the long term, it would prevent more young people from falling into the NEET status.

段落二

Second, as a reintegration strategy, the government should expand job opportunities and strengthen vocational training for early school leavers. Young people should be encouraged if not incentivized, to pursue post-secondary vocational programs that prepare them for skilled technical work and decent blue-collar Jobs that support key industries in Hong Kong, such as aviation, shipping, and logistics, as well as newly emerging ones like the creative and environmental industries. However, the effectiveness of this proposition hinges on a shift in people’s mindset and social values. Regrettably, blue-collar jobs in Hong Kong are often dismissed as worthless, especially among parents. Schools and companies should therefore help students and parents challenge such preconceptions and set the right expectations by organizing more seminars, internships, and mentorship programs. This way, NEETS in Hong Kong would be able to increase their exposure to real work, diversify their skillsets, and rejoin the community at a later stage.

Conclusion

The above analysis and recommendations offer an overview of the NEET phenomenon in Hong Kong. In response to the prevailing overprotective parenting and lack of opportunities for young people, both preventive and reintegrative measures are necessary to ensure the social inclusion of NEETS and their transition into adulthood in the learn run. It is imperative that young people remain in education and training to enhance their competitiveness and that the government implement a wide range of measures to support NEETs in the territory.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,DSE英文/成人英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook page得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上https://spencerlam.hk 了解更多!

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