【Report 格式 懶人包】3大絕技教您寫好report 【附5**範文】

Picture of Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
DSE英文文章內容在此推介課程下:

DSE - 皇牌考試技巧班

熱門選擇

教授四卷獨門考試技巧以及加強考試常用詞彙等。

  • 六大範疇全方位提升學生的英文水平
  • 自備過千頁獨家精讀筆記
  • 教授獨門考試技巧口訣

報讀詳情請以 WhatsApp 查詢

Report 格式

明白到考DSE 都可能需要寫報告 (Report) 。

大多時候大家都沒有留意到答題過程中其實有很多陷阱位與得分位。

有見及此,今天筆者會分期為大家整理DSE英文卷2及卷3中各款常見寫作格式:report writing 格式

而且還會教你3大技巧寫好report!

Report 格式

Title

Introduction

Sub-heading 1
Body Paragraph 1

Sub-heading 2
Body Paragraph 2

Sub-heading 3
Body Paragraph 3

Conclusion

報告是什麼

What is report?

Report 格式

報告是一種書面文件或口頭演講,用於向特定觀眾傳達資訊、分析結果、研究結果或建議。

報告通常用於將重要信息呈現給管理層、同事、客戶或其他相關方。

報告的目的是清晰地傳達事實、數據和結論,以便讀者或聽眾能夠理解並作出相應的行動或決策。

Report 種類

Report 種類繁多,包括:

  • Incident report
  • Progress report
  • Research report
  • Survey report
  • Book report

DSE Report 格式 1. Title

DSE 報告標題

Report suitable title

 一般而言,都會要求考生為報告配上一個合適的標題,而考生都為之煩惱,其實簡易一句便可。

例如:

A Report on ___________

An Investigation into ___________

An Analysis of ___________

  “簡單就是美” 不必花巧,能夠得分便是真理,只要緊記務必在題目要求下加上標題即可。

DSE Report 格式 2. 開頭/引言

DSE Report Introduction

Report 引言

Report引言有幾個作用:

  1. 提供背景:引言通常包含對報告主題的簡要背景介紹。這有助於讀者了解報告的背景和重要性,並建立起對報告主題的基本理解。
  2. 確定研究目的和問題:引言應該明確地陳述報告的研究目的和問題。這有助於讀者理解報告的目標和焦點。

  3. 概述報告結構:引言還可以提供對整個報告結構的概述。這包括列舉報告的各個部分和主要內容。

Step 1 背景 Background

在這部份中,您需要提供有關研究主題的背景信息。這包括該主題的歷史、相關的文獻和研究、以及相關的行業或領域的情境。

實用開頭句式:

  • This report concerns an experiment that was carried out…
  • In this report, light will be shed on…

其他例句:

In recent years, the rapid advancement of technology has revolutionized the way we communicate and access information.

近年來,科技的快速進步已經徹底改變了我們溝通和獲取資訊的方式。

In the field of healthcare, the rising prevalence of chronic diseases has become a major global concern.

在醫療保健領域,慢性疾病的盛行日益成為全球關注的重大問題。

Step 2 定義 Definition

在這部份中,您可以簡單定義研究主題或相關的關鍵詞和術語。這可以幫助讀者準確理解報告中使用的術語和概念,並確保共享相同的理解。

例句:

For the purpose of this report, ‘sustainability’ is defined as the practice of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

在本報告中,’可持續性’被定義為滿足當前需求的實踐,同時不損害未來世代滿足自身需求的能力。

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence.

人工智慧(AI)指的是開發能夠執行通常需要人類智能的任務的電腦系統。

Step 3 目的 aim

在這一步中,您可以寫出您的研究目的或報告的目標。這可以是您希望達到的特定結果、解決的問題,或者是您想要回答的研究問題。

例句:

The purpose of this report is to analyze the effectiveness of a new marketing campaign in increasing brand awareness among the target audience.

本項目的目的是分析一個新的市場營銷活動在提高目標受眾對品牌認知度方面的效果。

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of social media on consumer purchasing behavior.

本研究的目的是探討社交媒體對消費者購買行為的影響。

DSE Report 格式 3. 小標題

DSE Report Sub-heading

寫小標題時,以下是一些技巧可以幫助您:

使用關鍵詞:小標題應該含有具有代表性的關鍵詞,能夠涵蓋該部分的核心內容。

結構性一致性:保持小標題的結構性一致性,使用相同的文法結構或詞彙形式。

不一定一個字:好多同學被Introduction、Conclusion影響就直覺覺得sub-heading一定要一個字。

事實上,5**範文裡也有小標題是11隻字,例如:Major Reasons for the Rising Number of NEETS in Hong Kong

報告小標題例子

除了眾人皆知的introductionconclusion外,以下是一些常用的報告小標題,大家也可以在後面加少少字使小標題更加合適:

  • Background
  • Targets
  • Objectives
  • Problems
  • Issues
  • Suggestions
  • Recommendations
  • Solutions

DSE Report 格式 4. 內文

DSE Report Body Paragraph

DSE內文可以隨著這幾個方向來寫。

影響

在這一部分,你可以描述某些東西的影響。

可以從不同的角度來討論這種影響,例如社會、經濟、環境等方面。

提供具體的例子、數據或研究結果,以支持你的觀點。

這一部分可以幫助讀者了解所討論的主題的重要性和影響。

例如:

【主題句】

The widespread adoption of renewable energy technology has brought about substantial social changes.

【社會影響】

Communities and individuals have become more aware of sustainable practices, leading to increased engagement in renewable energy initiatives.

【例子】

For instance, households are actively seeking alternative energy sources to reduce their carbon footprint and contribute to a cleaner environment.

This shift in behavior has fostered a sense of environmental responsibility and community involvement.

分析原因

在這一部分,你可以分析造成某種影響的原因。

討論可能的因素或根本原因,並解釋它們如何導致所觀察到的影響。

使用邏輯推理和證據來支持你的分析。

這一部分可以幫助讀者理解問題的本質和背後的原因。

例如:

【主題句】

Another crucial factor behind the impact of renewable energy lies in supportive policy and regulatory frameworks.

Governments around the world have implemented various incentives and subsidies to promote renewable energy adoption.

【例子】

Feed-in tariffs, tax credits, and renewable portfolio standards are examples of policy mechanisms that have encouraged the use of renewable energy sources.

These policies have created a favorable environment for investment in renewable energy projects, spurring market growth and innovation.

提出建議

在這一部分,你可以提出相關的建議或解決方案。

基於你的分析和理解,提供可行的建議,以應對或改善所討論的問題或影響。

這些建議應該具體、可行且有實際意義。

支持你的建議,並解釋為什麼它們可能是有效的解決方案提出建議。

例如:

【主題句】

Governments should enhance energy policy and regulatory frameworks to promote the adoption of renewable energy.

【建議細節】

This includes providing more incentives and subsidies to attract investment and support renewable energy projects.

【期望結果】

Additionally, establishing a more stable and transparent energy market will provide longer-term development planning and predictability for the renewable energy industry.

DSE Report 格式 內文搶分位

萬用句式

  • The majority / minority of the respondents expressed approval / disapproval of ___
  • This fact illustrates / indicates that ___

目的

  • With a view to
  • In hopes of
  • For the sake of
  • For the purpose of
  • In an attempt to

 

強調

Nothing short of a pressure cooker (正正就是)

每段總結句

  • It is crystal clear that
  • Conceivably, 句子

轉折句

In the hope of fostering a more compassionate and inclusive society for young people in Hong Kong, there are several crucial stakeholders responsible for ironing out this problem.

DSE Report 格式 5. 總結/結尾

DSE Report Conclusion

總結

總結陳述

總結報告的核心內容,例如:

Throughout the report, we have explored the challenges and improvement strategies within the education system, offering concrete recommendations.

在整個報告中,我們探討了教育系統的挑戰和改善方案,並提出了一些具體的建議。

總結報告的主要發現,例如:

Our research reveals that the use of technology among young people has significant implications for their learning and development.

我們的研究發現,年輕人對科技的使用具有深遠的影響,並對他們的學習和發展產生了重要的影響。

實用結尾句子

  • On the whole, ___
  • The main conclusion that can be drawn is that, ___
  • In summary, we can see that…
  • On the basis of the survey findings mentioned above, it would seem that ___
  • This report has clearly demonstrated…

Report 3大技巧

技巧1:語境意識

語境意識

由於是報告,用作向他人匯報,所以在用詞及寫作上應該使用被動式而非主動。

況且,一份報告應該呈現客觀持平的一面,而非帶有主觀的意見,

所以在寫作報告時應該注意避免使用  “I”“You” 等用詞。

It is reported that 句子

It is suggested that 句子

It is presented that 句子

noun (名詞) is requested to…

 雖然看似微不足道,卻是一些會輕易失分的陷阱位,只要能夠做好並改善,便可輕鬆取得分數。

技巧2:小標題

小標題

如何在密集的數據及分析中,仍然可以保持清晰,且有條理地表達所報告的內容?

答案好簡單,

利用[小標題]

Introduction

-> The purpose of ……

Analysis of results

-> It is reported that ……

記住寫小標題時,可以多用numbering,即在前面加上數字,例如﹕
  1. Introduction
  2. Problems
  3. Suggestions

技巧3: 謹慎編排段落及小標題

上下款

報告有小標題協助,小標題自身亦表達出上一個section已完結,下面是新的東西。

同學應該要謹慎編排段落及小標題。

例如:一個小標題裝載了多少個段落。

小編建議1-2段

如果同學對於一個sub-heading有很多東西想寫,例如:3-4段,小編覺得中間最好開另一個sub-heading,令到readability提升!

DSE 英文 Report 範例

Report Sample DSE

DSE Report 5**範文

以下範文是出自2017 Q7的5**文章。

2017 DSE English Paper 2 Q.7 題目

Learning English through Social Issues

You are working on a project entitled ‘Hong Kong’s NEETs’. NEETs are young people who are not in education, employment or training. Many of these young people spend their time at home playing video games or surfing the Internet.

Write a report to explain why the number of NEETs in Hong Kong is rising and suggest what can be done to help these youths. Give reasons to support your suggestions.

2017 DSE English Paper 2 Q.7 5** 範文

Title

Report on the reasons for the increase in the number of NEETs in Hong Kong and suggested measures

Introduction

The need to address the growing concern over young people who are disengaged from mainstream learning and employment-related activities is recognized internationally. The acronym “NEET”, initially coined by the Social Exclusion Unit in the U.K. in 1999 refers to a person, aged between 16 and 24, who is “not in education, employment or training. It was subsequently adopted by and better known as “hikikomori” in Japan, and has since gained widespread usage in other Asian countries. In Hong Kong, the spike in local youth unemployment rate, from 5.5 percent in May 2016 to 7.1 percent in August 2016 has shed light on the gravity of the issue. In light of the recent uptick in the number of NEETs in the territory, this report sets out to identify and analyze the causes of this phenomenon and present corresponding suggestions based on a host of recent research studies, findings, and media reports.

Major Reasons for the Rising Number of NEETS in Hong Kong

段落一

The emergence of overprotective parents in Hong Kong without question accounts for the steep rise in the number of socially withdrawn youths in the city. In this fiercely competitive society, Hong Kong parents wish to retain complete control over every aspect of their children’s lives. They sign them up for a plethora of extra-curricular activities and make almost every decision for them over time, children become increasingly dependent on their parents for support and success and gradually develop low self-confidence. They are bound to buckle under pressure in the face of setbacks. Also, coupled with Hong Kong’s cutthroat education system in which the university acceptance rate remains steady at 18 percent every year, high school graduates who failed the public exam could easily sink into mire of withdrawal and isolation because they have lived their whole lives in a safe corner and going to university was their only goal. As a result, many of them, who are stigmatized as “failures” by society, are unable to bounce back from this defeat and start developing anti-social behavior and tendencies. They also lack the life skills and practical experiences to survive in the workplace due to limited employment opportunities in Hong Kong. Thus, it comes as no surprise that an increasing number of young people, who have overprotective parents and suffer from low self-esteem, prefer spending their time at home transfixed by the computer screen.

段落二

In addition, another overarching trigger for more Hong Kong’s NEETs in recent years, as touched on briefly above, is the lack of excellent training opportunities for young people. The city is no longer a fast-growing economic marvel it once was in the 1980s, and is instead fraught with slackening economic growth, aging population, and exorbitant costs of living, typical of a high-income society with a widening wealth gap. Hence, the academically inept and low-skilled youths are now a marginalized group in the city. Hong Kong’s tight labor market predominantly gravitates towards finance, property development, and trade-related industries. While it is already hard for struggling college graduates to land a desirable job that matches both their expectations and skillsets, it is even more difficult for those without post-secondary education to move up the social ladder. Therefore, low social mobility and a lack of opportunities for young people are what prompt them to retreat to their bedrooms and indulge in the virtual world away from the harsh realities of life.

Recommendations

段落一

In light of the rapidly expanding group of inactive youths in Hong Kong measures must be taken before this crisis amounts to widespread youth unemployment and disengagement. First and foremost, more resources should be directed towards identifying “at-risk” youths. More extensive outreach programs, especially online ones, need to be rolled out to reach academically incompetent students who are pessimistic and uncertain about their future. Social workers and teachers should try to engage them through online forums and social media. Since many research studies have shown that young people are more likely to open up online than via face-to-face interactions in real life, this approach would minimize their discomfort and social awkwardness. Apart from that, online career counseling could also be provided whenever necessary to help them identify their personal strengths and bolster their self-worth. This measure would empower young people and break the cycle of social exclusion by improving their social skills and offering them much-needed emotional support in the long term, it would prevent more young people from falling into the NEET status.

段落二

Second, as a reintegration strategy, the government should expand job opportunities and strengthen vocational training for early school leavers. Young people should be encouraged if not incentivized, to pursue post-secondary vocational programs that prepare them for skilled technical work and decent blue-collar Jobs that support key industries in Hong Kong, such as aviation, shipping, and logistics, as well as newly emerging ones like the creative and environmental industries. However, the effectiveness of this proposition hinges on a shift in people’s mindset and social values. Regrettably, blue-collar jobs in Hong Kong are often dismissed as worthless, especially among parents. Schools and companies should therefore help students and parents challenge such preconceptions and set the right expectations by organizing more seminars, internships, and mentorship programs. This way, NEETS in Hong Kong would be able to increase their exposure to real work, diversify their skillsets, and rejoin the community at a later stage.

Conclusion

The above analysis and recommendations offer an overview of the NEET phenomenon in Hong Kong. In response to the prevailing overprotective parenting and lack of opportunities for young people, both preventive and reintegrative measures are necessary to ensure the social inclusion of NEETS and their transition into adulthood in the learn run. It is imperative that young people remain in education and training to enhance their competitiveness and that the government implement a wide range of measures to support NEETs in the territory.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

Share:
Facebook
LinkedIn
Twitter