【DSE Paper 2】 Grammar + 句式 小技巧

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

中文作文向來被稱為「死亡之卷」,英文 Writing 亦都不惶多讓,學生捉唔到英文語法嘅規律,結果俾人扣曬啲 grammar 分。加上使用嘅句式唔夠多元,所以攞唔到高分。今次就分享下Grammar不同嘅用法同常犯錯誤,同埋 Writing 5**狀元會用嘅句式喇。

Grammar 常犯錯誤

there have vs there be

好多香港人都會下意識咁將中文直譯成英文,當中最有標誌性嘅莫過於「呢度有」-> “there have” 。正確嘅用法應該係 “there is/are” ,例如:

There are 3 pairs of shoes in the locker.

everyday vs every day

呢兩個字看似一樣,但係佢地嘅用法實際上係有少少分別嘅;”everyday” 係一個adjective,用嚟形容一啲每日都會發生嘅事,

例如:

Exercise should be a part of your everyday life.

(everyday = daily)

而 “every day” 就係一個 adverb ,every 反可以跟 “time”, “minute” 等,只係加上 “day” 後令同學更混淆。例如:

I exercise every day.

如果喺要用 “everyday” 嘅地方用錯 “every day” ,或者相反,就會錯 grammar 啦,同學要小心留意。

*上堂會教你獨家口訣,到時上堂教你😊

lack(n) of vs lack(v)

另一個最常犯嘅 grammar 錯誤就係 “lack”了。要寫「缺乏」嘅時候,你係咪就咁寫 “lack” 就算數?冇錯,當呢個字係動詞用嘅時候就係啱嘅。但若果係當名詞用,後面必須要加上 “of sth” (某事物的短缺),例如:

She lacks confidence.

The lack of money has become a bigger problem than expected.

Passive Voice 用法

Passive voice 裡的動詞必要轉換

若果同學用 passive voice 嘅時候漏咗冇轉動詞嘅時態,就會有 grammar 錯誤,例如:

The floor is mop by me. (x)

祇是:

The floor is mopped by me. (v)

Past participle 而非 simple past

同學平時接觸到嘅英文詞多數都係 “ed” 尾,可能就會俾到個錯嘅印象俾同學,以為係simple past tense,但應該係past participle (PP) 先啱。例如:

The pencil was took by Peter. (x)

應是:

The pencil was taken by Peter (v)

*大家要重溫少用的pp形態,例如 (seek – sought -sought / sweep – swept – swept / deal – dealt – dealt 等)

*上堂同你分享10大伏位

唔用得 Passive voice 嘅情況

有啲情境係唔可以亂咁加上 passive voice嘅,因為並唔係所有英文句子都由 SVO 構成,有啲唔會有 O,側如:

She was gone out. (x)

應是:

She went out. (v)

仲有start/finish等字都不可以用被動 (一般而言)

我和XXX…

要寫包括自己在內嘅一群人時,大家又會點寫呢?例如「我和我的家人」,係 “Me and my family”,抑或 “My family and I” 先啱呢?正確答案應該係後者: “My family and I”。但相信有人都聽過第一個講法,尤其喺外國人口中。 “Me and xxx” 雖然喺文法上錯誤,但大部分人都會因為順口而講咗呢個版本,若書面寫出嚟係會扣分的。

There vs. They’re vs. Their

呢三個詞嘅讀音完全一樣,唔少人都無辦法分清楚咩時候用邊個。雖然聽起嚟一樣,但係佢地嘅意思就絕對唔一樣。 “There” 嘅意思係「那裡」, “They’re” 係 “They are” 嘅縮寫,而 “Their” 就係解「他們的」。以意思嚟記住,就唔怕會用錯啦。

It’s vs. Its

呢兩個詞語比起 “there/they’re/their” 嘅混淆程度更加高,一個唔小心就會用錯咗,而且亦都好容易會記錯。同學可以記住有單引號嘅就係縮寫, it’s -> it is。

Grammar 用法

3 大必學Phrasal Verbs

ask sb out

ask同out砌埋,就會變成約某人出街,例如:

He asked her out last Sunday.

上個星期日他約了她出街。

come across sth

come同across砌埋,意思就係發現、碰見。例如:

He came across some old keychains on his desk.

他在抽屜裡發現了一些舊鑰匙圈。

put up with sth/sb

呢個phrasal verb嘅意思可以講同put或up冇任何關聯,分開寫有唔同嘅意思,但組合埋就解「忍受、容忍」。例如:

I don’t know how you put up with such horrible living conditions.

真不知道你是怎麼忍受這麼惡劣的生活環境的。

gerund 定 infinitive?

gerund 可以作為 subject (動名詞)

I like cycling. 我喜歡踩單車這項活動。

I like to cycle. 我喜歡去踩單車。

轉做主語

(To cycle?) Cycling is my hobby.

踩單車是我的興趣。

*記得不少朋友經常寫成

“Cycle is my hobby”

介詞後應接 gerund

介詞即 “in, at, on, of, about, for” 等。例如:

He is interested in joining the art club.

He is thinking about doing skydiving next.

形容詞後應接to- infinitive

She is talented enough to get recruited.

This jewellery is too expensive to buy for a lot of people.

Writing 中"所以" 文法句式

“所以”係除左”因為”外最常見嘅連接詞 / 句式,除左Therefore/So…? 想唔想知點樣用更多嘅句式嚟講「所以」?以下有三個句式俾大家參考吓。

That being the case

He does not have real knowledge. That being the case, he cannot make a wise decision.

他沒有真正的智慧,所以不能作出明智的決定。

Thus/Hence

She always throws tantrums at people around her. Thus, he has not many friends.

她常常向身邊的人發脾氣,所以沒有多少朋。

Accordingly

Costs are soaring. Accordingly, the product goes up in price.

因為成本正在上漲,所以產品價格也上升了。

*當然每個字都有不同的用法,大家要特別小心的

5** 狀元秘密 作文必用句式

…is the lesser of two evils

平時你只會講:

  • Both presidential candidates have had a bad reputation, so I voted for the one that is not as bad as the other one.


其實5**狀元會寫:

  • The trolley problem is a well-known example of how most people would opt for the lesser of two evils.

irreversible damage 不可逆的傷害

平時你只會講:

  • The damage is extremely serious.

其實5**狀元會寫:

  • Using fossil fuels has made irreversible damage to the atmosphere.

hinge on (sth) 取決於(某物)

平時你只會講:

  • Success depends on work ethics.

其實5**狀元會寫:

  • Whether or not he will study abroad in England hinges on his parents’ opinion.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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