DSE Writing 英文寫作卷一向都令唔少同學非常頭痛。除咗難短時間內突破性進步之外，網上亦都流傳好多 DSE Writing 嘅實用文格式，但就缺少Advanced嘅句式同小技巧。
“因為”是寫作時最常用到的連接詞，但除了 because / because of / as… 還有什麼可用?
by reason of
He retired by reason of his age.
as a result of
Many people died as a result of wound infections.
He learned something new thanks to his extraordinary research.
That being the case
He does not have real knowledge. That being the case, he cannot make a wise decision.
She always throws tantrums at people around her. Thus, he has not many friends.
Costs are soaring. Accordingly, the product goes up in price.
小技巧2 : 善用標點
- 引號 quotation mark 「“」「‘」
Peter said, “It is sunny today.”
This flower market sells the ‘freshest’ flowers. (帶有反話語氣)
- 分號 semicolon 「;」
Chris has 2 friends in Japan; 3 friends in Korea; 4 friends in Taiwan.
- 連字號 hyphen 「-」
well & known -> well-known
5** 狀元 Writing 必用句式
…has a profound influence on…
- Using coal has a negative effect on the environment.
- The overreliance on electricity has a profound influence on global warming.
…on the verge of…
- The continuous bad luck is nearly driving him mad.
- The Japanese were on the verge of collapsing when the Americans dropped the first atomic bomb.
throw (somebody) under the bus
- My best friend Peter betrayed me and took advantage of it.
- Our friendship ended when Peter threw me under the bus in front of my boss just to land himself a promotion.
…caught in the crossfire…
- The ones that are stuck between two people arguing always have to mediate.
- It is never an easy recovery for children caught in the crossfire of a pair of dramatic parents.
This problem is very serious.
名詞 is no laughing matter.
This is no laughing matter, as tens of thousands of people paid their lives to warn us of the severity of it.
He can only make the birthday party so good as time is running out.
…have no alternatives but to…
As the fire spreads, the crew has no alternative but to bail out of the building.
I rushed down the road I get to my friend’s wedding on time.
…in the hope of…
I rushed down the road in the hope of making it to the church on time.
其他解作 “為了”的英文: 你亦可以用:
- with a view to
- in an attempt to
- in a bid to
The professor explained the difficulties that students had.
…shed light on…
The TV station invited an anthropology expert to help shed some light on their new documentary program.
This may be true. But their claims are ridiculous.
In fact, these are not true.
Their reasons seem comprehensible and convincing. Nevertheless, their claims are simply arrogant, misguided and flawed.
This can solve the problem
This policy would effectively dig into the root of the problem
dig into the root of 是一個很有用的phrase，可以讓人感覺你可以自然表達不同的英文句式，記得多運用!
Their actions make the problem of pet abuse more serious.
Their actions have resulted in the escalation (上升) of the problem of pet abuse.
名詞 resulted in the escalation of 名詞
只要多用名詞化 (即把本身的字 轉為名詞，就可以大大提升 Language 部分的分數
Only through (n.) can this …….
你係咪通常只會用 really / extremely /very ?
例如分析 effectiveness of food warning labels in changing people’s eating habits. 呢題入面
This measure can really really really help improve physical health.
Only through this measure can the physical health of the citizens truly be safeguarded.
Only through 名詞 can this …….
呢句倒裝句雖然看似好難，但其實只要記得口訣，可以好簡單，而且好實用，多用於 Essay/ Letters to the Editor (Formal 場合)
Level 4 可能會寫：
Others may argue that class positions are the driving forces.
想達到Level 5** 你可以寫：
Opponents would counter my stance, contending that class positions are the driving forces.
*記得 contending that 係用咗 Participles 㗎
The clock is ticking
Spencer Sir 同你睇下呢個例子:
We should adopt some measures.
好多同學仔都會寫 We should…
The clock is ticking 時間已經無多
Example: The clock is ticking now. We have adopt some measures. 比人感覺會更好
XXX is home to a myriad， inclusive of
好多時大家都會想講: 香港有好多就業機會包括酒店, 金融等。
大多同學都係寫 – There are a lot of job opportunities such as hotel and finance industry.
Hong Kong is home to a myriad of job opportunities in different fields, inclusive of the hotel business, retail business, finance business, you name it.
- xxx is home to a myriad of (很多) opportunities 取代a lot of
- inclusive of 名詞 = including 名詞 = such as 名詞
1. …is the lesser of two evils
Both presidential candidates have had a bad reputation, so I voted for the one that is not as bad as the other one.
…is the lesser of two evils
The trolley problem is a well-known example of how most people would opt for the lesser of two evils.
2. irreversible damage 不可逆的傷害
The damage is extremely serious.
irreversible damage 不可逆的傷害
Using fossil fuels has made irreversible damage to the atmosphere.
3. hinge on (sth) 取決於(某物)
Success depends on work ethics.
hinge on (sth) 取決於(某物)
Whether or not he will study abroad in England hinges on his parents’ opinion.