Grammar 4種錯誤+ Grammar Check 工具

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

相信很多同學都想學好英文,但是又不知從何入手。學好英文的第一步,是要掌握好 英文 Grammar ,但其千變萬化相信很多同學不知道從何入手。今天將帶給大家4種 Grammar 常犯錯誤。

who / whom / whose分別?

描述人物或語境時,好多時都要用到”who”等連接詞,更仔細咁形容人物細節特徵。若同學冇分清楚”who”、”whom”、”whose”嘅分別,用錯咗就尷尬啦。

who

“who”可以在你想將兩句主語一樣嘅句子駁埋一齊嘅時候用,例如:

  • 句1. The girl is playing on the swing.
  • 句2. The girl is my cousin.

進化為:

  • The girl playing on the swing is my cousin.

whom

“whom”比其他兩個較唔普遍,都係用嚟連接兩個主語一樣嘅句子,但第二句嘅主語會喺SVO裡嘅O上,例如:

  • 句1 Cardi B is a singer.
  • 句2 People criticized Cardi B for a long time.

進化為:

  • Cardi B is a singer whom people have criticized for a long time.

whose

“whose”嘅用法就好似”he/his”,”he” -> ”who”,”his”  -> “whose”,例如:

  • Bruce Wayne is a billionaire.
  • Bruce Wayne’s parents died when he was a child.

轉為

  • Bruce Wayne is a billionaire whose parents died when he was a child.

倒裝句 No sooner

倒裝句係其中一個最容易搞錯grammar嘅句式,一個唔小心就會有所失誤。

重點1. No sooner 嘅意思其實同 as soon as 差唔多,兩者都係用以形容兩件同時間發生嘅事。

重點2. 只不過用 no sooner 嘅時候要更加小心,因為用 no sooner 連接兩樣事情時,要加返 “than” 喺中間 (留意係 “than” ,唔好用錯 “then” )。

例如:

  • No sooner had the teacher walked into the classroom than the students stopped talking.

重點3.

另外,運用倒裝句時嘅另一項鐵則,動詞係需要調位去主語前面,漏咗主語動詞調位嘅倒裝句就唔係真正嘅倒裝句了。例如:

  • No sooner I had got to my destination than it started raining. (x)

應是:

  • No sooner had I got to my destination than it started raining. (v)

Reported Speech 3大重點

你有否試過想轉述人地講過嘅說話,但唔知點落手好?由direct speech轉做reported speech都有特定嘅技巧架,今日就嚟數三大reported speech嘅錯誤。

  • 古惑的人稱

好多人轉speech嘅時候,會只集中喺句子內容上,諗點樣先可以完整咁轉好個句子,結果卻搞錯咗最開首嘅人物稱謂,例如:

I told Peter, “we’ll meet up at noon.”

to

I told Peter that we would meet up at noon. (x)

應是:

He told Peter that they would meet up at noon. (v)

  • 搞不清楚現在或過去 (present tense vs. past tense)

同學大多數接觸到嘅 reported speech 都係過去式,因此就會亂咗,以為遇到 reported speech 都係轉做過去式就夠。但其實 reported speech 亦有唔使轉 tense 嘅時候,當語境發生喺現在時,見到動詞用 present tense 嘅就唔使轉換。

e.g.

The lion says, “I am the king of the animals.”

to

The lion said he was the king of the animals. (x)

應是:

The lion says he is the king of the animals. (v)

  • 疑問句錯誤

普通陳述句就見得多啦,咁遇到疑問句又應該點算先好呢?,同學仔可以睇吓以下嘅例子。

e.g.

My friend said to me yesterday, “Which one is your preferred color? Red or blue?”

改變為

My friend asked me yesterday whether/if I preferred red or blue.

最易錯的a/an/the

這個課題最初級但亦都最容易錯嘅當然要數a/an/the。但下面有3大易錯位

易錯位1. Many a student is good.

原來是對的!

Many a student is good= Many students are good

易錯位2. a/an UFO

原來用 a UFO 因為要在乎本身的發音

There is a UFO – 因為決定用a/an 是睇a/e/i/o/u的發音,而不是 單單睇佢的咬字

其他例子:

A university  (x an university)

Grammar Check 工具

要掌握英文語法規則並唔係一朝一夕可以達成嘅事。呢三個免費學 grammar 嘅工具絕對可以令你事半功倍。

Grammar Practice Park

呢個係一個以不同小遊戲幫助大家培養語法技巧同埋興趣嘅網站,用嚟學習語法概念十分有用。

課題包括:

  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs
  • Past and Future Tense
  • Plural Spellings
  • Prepositions

Grammar Man Comic

呢個網站將學習語法嘅內容以漫畫形式呈現出嚟,令學習者可以好似讀漫畫書咁學習文法。

BBC Bitesize

BBC Bitesize係由英國廣播公司BBC設立,旨在幫助小朋友透過有趣嘅教材輕鬆咁學習語法

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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