【英文 Grammar】 Run-on Sentences是什麼 【終極指南】

Spencer Lam
Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB》、《Now TV》、《經濟一週》、《晴報》、《親子王》、《經濟日報》等專訪
目錄

Run-on Sentences 是許多人在寫作當中經常都會犯的 Grammar 錯誤。但究竟什麼是連寫句,如何於寫作當中改善這個 Grammar 錯誤呢,接下來將會一一為大家解釋。

Run on sentence 定義

Run on sentence 中文可稱為連寫句,亦可以稱為融合句。
即是當兩個或更多的獨立句子連接起來,而沒有使用並列詞或者使用適當的標點點符號時出現。
但獨立句子連接錯誤可導致文意不清,使閱讀者混淆。
而連續句可短可長,長句不一定是連續句。

連貫句示例

下面的示例是一個結構為兩句獨立句的例子,它將兩個獨立的句子融合為一個句子卻沒有加上適當的標點符號。

錯誤例子:

Bella enjoyed the bouquet of tulips Noah gave her on prom night however she prefers roses.

正確例子:

Lila enjoyed the bouquet of tulips John gave her on prom night; however, she prefers roses.

相對於第一個例子,第二個例子是一個如何正確編寫這兩個獨立子句的示例。

第二個示例,你可以看到兩句句子中間加上了分號分隔兩個句子的想法。且還在兩句句子之間加上連接副詞和逗號,作為連接到第二句句子的過渡。

修復和糾正連寫句

為了避免連寫句,要仔細看清兩個或多個獨立子句是否傳達了不止一個想法。

若果兩個句子本身都是完整的想法,可以使用分號或句點去表示它們是單獨的獨立子句。可能這樣說很空泛,下列將會列出4種方法,教你一一糾正連寫句。

使用逗號以及對等連接詞(and, but, yet, so, or, nor, for)

在使用對等連接詞連接兩句獨立句子時,要記得在對等連接詞前加上逗號。

連寫句(融合句)

I love to write papers I would write one every day if I had the time.

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
I love to write papers, I would write one every day if I had the time.

修正(逗點 + 對等連接詞)
I love to write papers , and I would write one every day if I had the time.

使用分號(在某些情況當中,也可使用冒號或破折號)

句子當中可單獨使用分號,或者另外加轉折語。例如:however、in contrast、as a result 等等。在轉折語後一定要加上逗號,這樣就不會形成逗號拼接句,因轉折句不是一句獨立句子。

連寫句(融合句)
Bella enjoyed the bouquet of tulips Noah gave her on prom night however she prefers roses.

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
Bella enjoyed the bouquet of tulips Noah gave her on prom night, however she prefers roses.

修正(分號)
Bella enjoyed the bouquet of tulips Noah gave her on prom night; she prefers roses.

修正(分號 + 轉折語 + 逗號)
Lila enjoyed the bouquet of tulips John gave her on prom night; however, she prefers roses.

將獨立子句分開,使其單獨成為完整的句子

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
It seemed to Bella that her brother had more than enough pens, they were strewn across the bedroom floor, and some of them were broken, worse still, someone had used the tip of a red pen to mark a smiley face on the wall.

修正(將句子分開)
It seemed to Bella that her brother had more than enough pens. They were strewn across the bedroom floor, and some of them were broken. Worse still, someone had used the tip of a red pen to mark a smiley face on the wall.

重組句子,即是將其中一個子句改為附屬子句

若果其中一個句子的重要性相對低於其他句子,便可考慮將其改為附屬句子。下列會舉出幾個例子,當中改為附屬句的句子將會用底線表示。但需要注意的是改寫之後的附屬句不再是獨立句子,因此不可以單獨成為完整句。

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
The largest tree by volume in the world is the General Sherman Sequoia, it is a little over 52,500 cubic feet.

修正(句尾改為附屬子句)
The largest tree by volume in the world is the General Sherman Sequoia, which is a little over 52,500 cubic feet.

 

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
Joseph is a professor at the City University of Hong Kong, he wrote the novel The game boy.

修正(句中改為附屬子句)

Joseph is a professor at the City University of Hong Kong, wrote The game boy.

連寫句(逗號拼接句)
I told my roommate I would be late, she still locked me out.

修正(句首改為附屬子句)
Although I told my roommate I would be late, she still locked me out.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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