【Passive Voice 用法】3大狀況|附完整轉換表! 【文法全攻略】

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Spencer Lam
英文補習名師,港大一級榮譽,多年英文補習經驗,歷年來曾教授超過1000名學生,學生遍及各大名校,由初中至成人英語皆可因材施教,獲《TVB 星期日檔案》、《Now TV》、《ViuTV》、《晴報》、《明珠台》、《UMagazine》等專訪
目錄

Passive voice 教學

Passive voice

今次想同大家討論 Passive voice 用法 ,並配上大量Passive voice 例子!

普遍同學認識 Active voice ,即係大家所講 SVO, Subject (主語)一定是句子中的第一個字, Verb (動詞)緊貼著主語,最後, Object (副詞)通常在句子的最尾部分。

相反,Passive voice的次序調轉,Object是句子的第一個字,Verb 緊貼著 Object,最後,Subject通常在句子的最尾部分。

在某些情況下,Passive voice 會沒有Subject。

今天,我會向大家介紹 Passive voice 用法 ,以及何時應該用Passive voice。

Passive voice 轉換

Passive voice 轉換

Passive voice 造句

Passive voice 造句

           S                 V                O

E.g.  The school organizes the event.

這句句子是Active voice,如果將句子轉換成 Passive voice,就要將句子的次序調轉。 

             O              V                S

E.g. The event is organized by the school. 

  • The event 變成句子中的第一個字
  • Organize 變成被動式 (is organized)
  • The school 變成句子中的最後部分
  • 通常會在 subject 之前加 by 

Passive voice 可能沒有 Subject。

            O             V

E.g. The house was built in 1990.

由此可見,句子只有 Object 和 Verb。

Passive voice 用法

Passive voice 用法

情況1: 沒有執行者

沒有執行者

正如上面的例子,如果句子沒有 Subject,我們應該用Passive voice表達意思。

此外,Passive voice 相對較客觀和正式,同學撰寫文章的時候,應該多使用Passive voice。

情況2: 對行動本身更感興趣

對行動本身更感興趣

若果我們對一項行動比執行者更感興趣,那麼用Passive voice 就會比較恰當!

例句:

This house was built in 1343. Isn’t that amazing?

這房子建於1343年,是不是很神奇?

誰建造的並不重要。

情況3: 執行者非常明顯

執行者非常明顯

有些時候,我們不用明示,眾人都會知道誰是執行者。

在這種情況下,我們可以不要subject,改成Passive voice!

例句:

The thief was arrested yesterday.、

小偷昨天被捕了。

逮捕他的當然是警察。

Passive voice 表

Passive voice 表

simple present tense

simple present tense
Subject  is/am/are (not)Past participle 
My dogiscalledSha  
Weare notpaidwell

simple past tense

simple past tense
Subject  was/were (not)Past participle 
Hewasinvitedto the party  
Theywere notshownthe painting

present continuous tenses

present continuous tenses

Subject  

is/am/are (not)

being      

Past participle  

 

The pool

is

being

cleaned

now   

We

are not

being

watched

 

past continuous tense

past continuous tense

Subject  

is/

am/

are (not)

being       

Past participle     

 

The mall

was

being

renovated

at the time  

The students

were not

being

taught

in their school

future tense

future tense

Subject

will (not)

be 

Past participle  

 
He

will

be

invited

to the party  

We

will not

be

met

at the park

be going to

future tense
Subjectis/
am/
are (not)
going to be            Past participle 
Iamgoing to begivena paper
Weare notgoing to beacceptedby the market

present perfect tense

present perfect tense
Subjecthave/
has (not)
been     Past participle     
Hehasbeenchosenfor the leading role
Youhave notbeencalledyet

past perfect tense

past perfect tense
Subjecthad (not)been     Past participle     
Hehadbeenkilledthe day before
Theyhad notbeenarrestedearlier

Passive voice 轉換
(Modal verbs)

Passive voice Modal verbs
Subjectmodal verb (not)be  Past participle     
Theyshouldbegiventhe tips
Itmust notbeallowed 

Passive voice 練習

Passive voice 練習

把以下active voice改寫成passive voice:

  1. My aunt bought me two shirts.
  2. Do you grow wheat here?
  3. Why did you visit the museum?
  4. You need a password to access the website.
  5. The cleaner removes the rubbish from  the bins daily.

答案

Passive voice 答案
  1. His homework has been finished.
  2. Is wheat grown here?
  3. Why was the museum visited?
  4. A password is needed to access the website.
  5. The rubbish is removed from the bins daily by the cleaner.

如果大家有什麼英文問題,如Spencer Lam, 好唔好咁樣學英文呀? 或者IELTS考試,成人英文/商業英文的知識及英文資源,歡迎你可以隨時再跟我多交流一下,可以Follow 「Spencer Lam English Team」 Facebook pageIG得到更多英文資訊,亦都可以上 https://spencerlam.hk/ 了解更多!

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